Resource Management. Chapter 12. Learning Goals. Recognize the variety of constraints that can affect a project, making scheduling and planning difficult. Understand how to apply resource-loading techniques to project schedules to identify potential resource over-allocation situations.
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Resource management is an iterative process scheduling activity of balancing the activity network and overall schedule against the available resources.
Resource availability always has a direct bearing on the duration of project activities.
A restriction or limitation, either internal or external to the project, that will affect the performance of the project or process.
How do we handle this constraint?
(unless we can work him 16 hours a day)
Need to use a resource loading chart
Resource Loading Chart
Added “Bob” as a resource
Bob is added
The process that addresses the complex challenges of project constraints
Simple leveling heuristics (rules of thumb) for prioritizing resource allocation include applying resources to:
The implication of how resources are prioritized is significant, as it has a “ripple” effect throughout the remainder of the activity network
CP = A-C-F-H-K
Step 2 Find LF
3 days slack
Step 3 Find Over Allocation
0 days slack - on CP
Let’s say we only have 9 resources available per day.
Use Leveling Heuristics (slide 10)
Step 4 Level the resources
Project ends Day 12
List in order of increasing slack, then latest finish time for activities with the same slack
Each have their advantages and disadvantages
a. Activities with the smallest slack:
b. Activities with the smallest duration:
c. Activities with the lowest identification number:
d. Activities with the most successor tasks:
e. Activities with requiring the most resources: