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21 st century skills and competences in OECD countries. Katerina Ananiadou Innovation Strategy: Education and Skills Paris, 7 December 2009. Overview of presentation. Brief discussion and our working definition of 21 st c skills and competencies

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21 st century skills and competences in oecd countries

21st century skills and competences in OECD countries

Katerina Ananiadou

Innovation Strategy: Education and Skills

Paris, 7 December 2009

overview of presentation
Overview of presentation
  • Brief discussion and our working definition of 21st c skills and competencies
  • Findings from a questionnaire study in OECD countries
  • Conclusions/key questions in this domain
discussion
Discussion
  • 21st century skills and competencies: belief that the current century will demand a very different set of skills from people
  • But no universal agreement on the exact set of skills and competencies
  • The OECD approach
    • DeSeCo
    • PISA Survey
definitions 1
Definitions (1)
  • Typology with three approaches to defining and assessing 21st century skills and competencies (from more to less directly related to ICT):
    • ICT functional skills
    • ICT skills for learning
    • 21st century skills and competencies
definitions 2
Definitions (2)
  • Our working definition of 21st c skills and competencies:

Those skills and competencies young people will be required to have in order to be effective workers and citizens in the knowledge society of the 21st century.

aim of the questionnaire survey
Aim of the questionnaire survey

To obtain up-to-date information

on whether and how OECD

countries teach and assess 21st

century skills and competencies

Survey took place summer 2009

questions
Questions:
  • How are 21st century skills/competencies defined in current policy guidelines and regulations?
  • What was the context that led to their introduction?
  • Are there guidelines or regulations on teaching or assessing 21st skills/competencies?
  • Has there been an impact on teacher training programmes?
skills we included in the questionnaire
Skills we included in the questionnaire

creativity innovation

critical thinking decision making

collaboration communication

productivity leadership

context
Context
  • Curriculum reform (eg Mexico, Norway)
  • Innovation (eg new curriculum Australia)
  • Specific projects or studies (eg Austria, Italy, Spain)
skills covered
Skills covered
  • Mostly positive answers to first question
  • However few clear definitions
  • Some countries have groups of ‘key’ competencies (eg Belgium (Fl), Korea, Slovak Republic)
  • Mostly taught across the curriculum, with exception of ICT in some countries (eg Turkey)
assessment and evaluation
Assessment and evaluation
  • Mostly positive answers but few assessments targeted to these skills and competencies
  • Are rigorous assessment procedures an essential condition for the teaching of these skills and competencies?
impact on teacher training
Impact on teacher training
  • Few teacher training programmes that target specifically the teaching of these skills.
  • Several programmes/initiatives for developing ICT pedagogical skills.
questions for discussion
Questions for discussion
  • What are the key success factors for policies?
  • In what way should 21st century skills be integrated into subject-based curricula?
  • Are ICT skills different from the others?
  • What role does ICT play in 21st century skills?
  • How can we involve teachers in the debate and the design of teacher training programmes?
  • What types of assessment are appropriate for the monitoring and evaluation of 21st century skills and competencies?
slide15

Thank you!

www.oecd.org/edu/nml

katerina.ananiadou@oecd.org