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Causes of The American Revolution

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Causes of The American Revolution. Conflict in the Colonies. The French and Indian War was over and the English were victorious. The war had been very costly. A permanent army was needed in the colonies. Parliament passed the Sugar Act. The Sugar Act.

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conflict in the colonies
Conflict in the Colonies
  • The French and Indian War was over and the English were victorious.
  • The war had been very costly.
  • A permanent army was needed in the colonies.
  • Parliament passed the Sugar Act.
the sugar act
The Sugar Act
  • This was the first tax to raise $$$$ in the colonies.
  • The Sugar Act was a tax on molasses and sugar imported by the colonists.
  • Smuggling was prevented by the British navy.
  • Those arrested for smuggling were not given a fair trial.
no taxation without representation
“No Taxation Without Representation”
  • The colonies had no voice in the British Parliament.
  • The colonies were not asked about taxation.
  • James Otis and Samuel Adams became spokesmen for the Bostonians against Parliament.
  • Adams helped found the Committees of Correspondence.
what is a boycott
What is a Boycott?
  • A boycott is a refusal to buy a certain product.
  • The colonists used a boycott to convince Parliament to repeal (end) the tax on sugar.
  • The boycott was unsuccessful.
the stamp act of 1765
The Stamp Act of 1765
  • The Stamp Act was a new way to tax the colonists.
  • Everyone had to pay for a special stamp on all paper products-newspapers, licenses, etc.
  • Refusal to pay the tax would result in fines or arrest.
  • The Sons of Liberty was formed.
the sons of liberty
The Sons of Liberty
  • Sam Adams was a founder.
  • Violence was a tool of this protest group.
  • The Sons of Liberty gave the colonists a voice and another way to protest the actions of Parliament.
the declaratory act
The Declaratory Act
  • Parliament was upset that the colonists challenged its authority.
  • Parliament issued the Declaratory Act.
  • This act stated that Parliament had power to make any laws that it felt necessary in any situation.
the townshend acts
The Townshend Acts
  • Parliament had finally repealed the Stamp Act in 1766.
  • In 1767, it passed the Townshend Acts.
  • This act placed a tax on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.
  • Tax collectors used “writs of assistance” to search for smuggled goods.
  • A new form of protest included “tarring and feathering”.
boston massacre
Boston Massacre
  • The Sons of Liberty continued with their protests in Boston.
  • British soldiers arrived in 1768.
  • March 5, 1770, a soldier standing guard had an argument with a colonist. Snowballs were thrown at the soldier. A crowd grew, soldiers came to his rescue, and a shot was fired into the mob. Five colonists were killed.
  • The story was spread over all the colonies.
boston tea party
Boston Tea Party
  • Parliament repealed the Townshend Acts.
  • The tax on tea remained.
  • Tea smuggling increased.
  • The Tea Act of 1773 was passed.
  • Only the British East India Co. could sell tea, which angered local merchants.
  • 340 crates of BEI tea were dumped into Boston Harbor by colonists on Dec. 16, 1773
the intolerable acts
The Intolerable Acts
  • The Intolerable Acts, 1774, were called the Coercive Acts by Parliament and the Intolerable Acts by the Colonists.
  • They were passed to punish Boston.
slide13
Boston harbor was closed until the tea was paid for.
  • The legislature could not meet without permission from the governor.
  • British officials charged with crimes were tried in England.
  • The Quartering Act was passed.
  • The Quebec Act was passed.
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