Using Results to Drive Improvement:. Strategy for Quality and Effectiveness. What does using results to drive improvement mean?. Apply your learning and make improvements. Decide what you are going to achieve. LEARNING. LEADERSHIP. Document your policy, procedures and performance standards.
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Using Results to Drive Improvement: Strategy for Quality and Effectiveness
What does using results to drive improvement mean? Apply your learning and make improvements Decide what you are going to achieve LEARNING LEADERSHIP Document your policy, procedures and performance standards Analyse cause and effect relationships Act Plan Check Do PROCESSES RESULTS Do what you decided to do to achieve what you want to achieve Find out whether you achieved it
Structural and cultural dimensions • CULTURAL • STRUCTURAL Shared vision of organisational quality and effectiveness Capacity for managing organisational effectiveness –i.e. knowledge, skills, experience, innovation Structures and systems and standards for assuring quality and generating results information Culture of participation, communication and trust • Results, including stakeholder feedback are used for decision making Learning organisation focussed on improvement
Potential benefits of quality management • Increased responsive to a changing environment • Increased orientation to what stakeholders need • Increased coherence between parts of the system • Finding ways of increasing quality while reducing costs
Unfulfilled promises of quality management in Higher Education • ‘a euphemism for control by funding bodies’ • Loss of motivation to improve • Playing ‘rules of the game’ • QM is seen as ‘industrial’ or ‘corporate’ and essentially inappropriate to teaching and learning • Lack of support from academics • Deterioration into an inflexible compliance-driven bureaucracy • Excessive administrative workload • Rigorous defence of academic freedom limits any ‘outside’ influence
Research performance Relevant and High Quality Programmes Student Experience Access and Participation University of Botswana Balanced Scorecards Human Resources Engagement Structures for using results to drive improvement: 1
Structures for using results to drive improvement: 3 PERFORMANCE MEASURES EXTERNAL PERSPECTIVE ‘the ends’ Outcomes/Results • INTERNAL • PERSPECTIVE • ‘the means’ • Inputs & processes QUALITY STANDARDS
Reporting outcomes Disseminating planning, policy and process Council EMT Senate UB Quality Board Faculty/Division Quality Assurance Groups Department Quality Assurance Groups Structures for using results to drive improvement:4
Organisational Learning • Quality improvement is about solving quality problems and accelerating change • Organisational learning is about changing the way people think about quality issues and releasing the brakes so that change can happen. • Leveraging change by working on the restraining forces / limiting factors that resist the change, as well as working directly on accelerating the driving forces of change.
What are the limiting factors? • Assumptions about how things work • How we define the situation • Lack of fact-based information • Lack of transparency • Silo mentality • Reductionist view of the organization “without the pull towards some goal which people truly want to achieve the forces in support of the status quo can be overwhelming” Senge Clear picture of current reality Shared vision of preferred future Creative tension provides motivation and momentum What limits our picture of current reality?: What limits our vision of a new future?: • Assumptions about how things work • How we define the situation • Inward looking attitudes • Weak leadership • Silo mentality • Conservatism • Cynicism and jaded disillusion • Reductionist view of the organization
Culture that supports quality management • Shared vision of what we want the University to achieve • Transparency and openness to discussing things that are not working well. • Future orientation and commitment to continuous improvement • Willingness to challenge the status quo and cultural norms and old ‘truths’ • Willingness to see the University as a whole system and acceptance of the need to cut across traditional boundaries
So what does closing the quality loop really mean? The quality loop is closed when information about current reality is used to inform future improvements. It includes: • Collecting and analysing internal (results/feedback) data and external (benchmarks/trends) information • Presenting it convincingly enough to precipitate decision making and buy in • Empowering the right team to lead the change • Involving as many people as possible and removing barriers • Monitoring the outcomes and making sure the process doesn’t lose momentum • Publicizing successes and improvements • ‘Normalising’ new ways of doing things
What is the role of Institutional Research 1? • It can be used to create a sense of urgency. • The first step is consciousness that there are problems to be addressed. Presentations need to address both thinking and feeling • It can be used to convince people of the appropriateness of the solution • It shows cause and effect relationships, and project trends. Unless people are convinced that the proposed changes will really address the problems then they are more likely to favour the status quo and resist the changes.
What is the role of Institutional Research 2? • It contributes to the achievement of quality standards and effectiveness measures. • Analysing and evaluating what you have achieved and understanding the implications is key to closing the quality loop and orienting the University to quality improvement in key strategic areas. • It informs policy analysis and decision making. • Institutional research has an influential role to play in ensuring that management decision making is well informed and fact-based. • It provides information for benchmarking. Benchmarking is important becauseit challenges insularity and complacency
Conclusion The challenges of closing the quality loop at UB include: • Technical issues, like the quality of data • Structural issues, like systems and infrastructure for information flow • Cultural issues, like the development of readiness for change. The greatest challenge is cultural change. Institutional Research can influence cultural change if it can find compelling ways of using data to tell a story that cannot be ignored. Thank you!