Prepositions & Prepositional Phrases. Prepositions . Prepositions show a relationship between a noun or pronoun object and some other word within a sentence. Ex. Robots in space perform useful functions. There are 50 common prepositions. Here are 44 of them: . Practice.
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Prepositions • Prepositions show a relationship between a noun or pronoun object and some other word within a sentence. • Ex. Robotsinspace perform useful functions. • There are 50 common prepositions. Here are 44 of them:
Practice • 1. The book on the table in the English classroom is Barbara's book. • 2. The girl in the neighboring house plays the flute every night • 3. Large blocks of the hardest granite formed the walls of the new building. • 4. The roads of ancient Rome connected the cities of the empire. • 5. I know that man in the gray suit and the suede shoes.
Prepositions, continued • Prepositions consisting of more than one word are called compound prepositions. • There are fifteen common compound prepositions:
Practice • 1. The books are in front of the wall. • 2. Because of the bad weather, the scrimmage was rescheduled. • 3. I wish I were going to Disney instead of to the dentist. • 4. He ate a full lunch like the rest of us, but on top of that, he ate two or three candy bars and drank two Cokes. • 5. You should have told us ahead of time that you were coming.
Prepositional phrases • A preposition in a sentence is always part of a prepositional phrase. • A prepositional phrase is simply a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun. The noun or pronoun following the preposition is called the object of the preposition. • Examples: • of bread • near us • from the window • in their class • during the long Presidential campaign • in place of the old broken chair
Practice • 1. The book on the table in the English classroom is Barbara's book. • 2. The girl in the neighboring house plays the flute every night. • 3. Large blocks of the hardest granite formed the walls of the new building. • 4. The roads of ancient Rome connected the cities of the empire. • 5. I know that man in the gray suit and the suede shoes.
Using Prepositional Phrases • An adjective prepositional phrase modifies a noun or pronoun It can tell you which one, how many or what kind. Ex. Robots perform several jobs in the automobile industry. In the automobile industry modifies jobs. • An adverb prepositional phrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. It can tell you where, when, how, why, or to what extent. Ex. Industrial robots operate from fixed positions. From fixed positions modifies operate.
Practice • 1. The boys searched the beach for sand dollars. • 2. The grass behind the house and near the fence is dying. • 3. A deep ditch was dug near the boundary of the factory. • 4. A pretty girl with brown hair and eyes sat near me at the banquet. • 5. The three contestants listened carefully to each question.
Preposition or Adverb? • Many of the common words used as prepositions can be used as adverbs. • To decide if the word in question is a preposition, say the preposition followed by “what?”. If a noun or pronoun answers the question, the word is a preposition. • Examples: • The boy stood up and ran down the street. • Up what? There is no object; therefore, up is not a preposition. • Down what? Street answers the question; therefore, down is a preposition.
Practice • 1. I like the color of the curtain on the window. • 2. Jane walked along in the rain during the shower. • 3. Hang the picture up or set it down behind the couch. • 4. Eric was shining his light around in the car beside us. • 5. The bird swooped down, picked up the mouse, and landed on the fence.