MusculoSkeletal Systems. Skeletal Review. Skeletal review. How many bones are in the body? What are the bones in the arm? What are the bones in the leg? How many cervical vertebrae? How many thoracic vertebrae? How many lumbar vertebrae? Name the bones of the pelvis. Bones of the Hand.
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How many bones are in the body?
What are the bones in the arm?
What are the bones in the leg?
How many cervical vertebrae?
How many thoracic vertebrae?
How many lumbar vertebrae?
Name the bones of the pelvis.
What muscles make up the quadriceps?
What muscles make up the hamstrings?
What muscles do you use to breathe?
What muscles keep your intestines inside your body?
What muscles allow you to chew?
What is my favorite muscle?
What is insertion?
What ion is on the outside of the muscle @ rest?
What ion is on the inside?
What is bending, DECREASING the joint angle between bones?
Nerve entrapment at the wrist that results in compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel.
The compression causes sensory & motor changes in the hand (palm & middle finger)
Usually 30 – 60 years of age
More common in assembly workers, packers
Chronic repetitious motion
Most commonly affects men older than 30 yo & post-menopausal women that take diuretics
Patient develops hyperuricemia with no symptoms
Acute gouty arthritis; painful swelling & tenderness.
Interictal stage (may last for 6 months) – patient may be asymptomatic or have flare ups
Chronic Stage – urate pooling causing tophi (clusters of urate surrounded by inflamed tissue) to develop in cartilage, synovial membranes, tendons, & soft tissues
According to the American Medical Association, purine-containing foods include:
Beer, other alcoholic beverages.
Anchovies, sardines in oil, fish roes, herring.
Organ meat (liver, kidneys, sweetbreads)
Legumes (dried beans, peas)
Meat extracts, consomme, gravies.
Mushrooms, spinach, asparagus, cauliflower.
Foods which may be beneficial to people with gout include:
Dark berries may contain chemicals that lower uric acid and reduce inflammation.
Tofu which is made from soybeans may be a better choice than meats.
Certain fatty acids found in certain fish such as salmon, flax or olive oil, or nuts may possess some anti-inflammatory benefits.
Relieves inflammation of acute gout arthritis
Side effects: Rash, diarrhea, blood disorders
Encourage patient to increase fluid intake to excrete excessive uric acid
Most common form of arthritis
Equal in males & females
Usually over the age of 40
Secondary: usually result from trauma, congenital deformity, obesity
Deterioration of the joint cartilage & formation of new bone at margins of joints
Semi – synthetic penicillin
500 mg over 7 minutes via IV
Metabolized in liver & excreted in bile
Indications: for staphylococci bacterial infections
CI: hypersensitivity to penicillin (anaphylaxis)
Interactions: Tetracycline, decreases effects in warfarin, cyclosporine
Inhibit bone resorption & increases bone mineral density
Used for both prevention & treatment
SE: nausea, dyspepsia, esophagitis, abdominal pain, chest pain
CI: Renal insufficiency, hypocalcemia
What is a strain?
What is a sprain?
RICE; What does it stand for?
Walking with Cane, Walker, Crutches, wheelchair