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Introduction to Using CRS for GPRA & PART Reporting. Stephanie Klepacki, CRS Federal Lead, IHS [email protected] Agenda. Introduction to CRS Demonstrations Hands-on Session Question and Answer Session. User Manual Help.

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Introduction to using crs for gpra part reporting

Introduction to Using CRSfor GPRA & PART Reporting

Stephanie Klepacki, CRS Federal Lead, IHS

[email protected]


  • Introduction to CRS

  • Demonstrations

  • Hands-on Session

  • Question and Answer Session

User manual help
User Manual Help

  • The CRS 2009 User Manual contains information on GPRA and complete instructions for using CRS

  • In today’s presentation, this symbol on the lower right side of a slide indicates information for this subject is available in the CRS 2009 User Manual

    • The numbers indicate the sections of the User Manual

Relationship between gpra crs
Relationship Between GPRA & CRS

  • The IHS Director has designated the Clinical Reporting System (CRS) as the national tool for reporting of all GPRA clinical measures

    • Federal (IHS) facilities are required to use CRS for GPRA reporting

    • Urban facilities are required to use CRS for GPRA reporting

    • Tribal facilities are not required to use CRS but are encouraged to use it

  • 4th quarter report is used to compile IHS’ national performance measure rates for all clinical GPRA measures in the Annual Performance Report

Crs clinical reporting system
CRS (Clinical Reporting System)

  • A component of RPMS

  • An automated reporting system used for tracking clinical quality measures and GPRA measures

  • Intended to eliminate the need for manual chart audits

  • Awarded 2005 Nicholas E. Davies Award of Excellence by the Health Information Management Systems Society (HIMSS)

  • Available in both GUI and roll-and-scroll versions

Clinical reporting system crs
Clinical Reporting System (CRS)

  • Based on software developed by Aberdeen Area in 2000

  • Provides automated local, regional (Area) and national tracking of clinical performance on demand

  • Uses identical logic, thus ensuring comparable performance data is reported across all facilities

  • Updated annually to reflect changes in the logic descriptions and to add new topics


Crs mines its data from rpms
CRS Mines its Data from RPMS

  • Resource and Patient Management System (RPMS)

    • IHS’ Health Information Solution since 1984

    • Comprised of over 50 component applications

Rpms integrates multiple clinical systems into one database

Case Management

Referred Care

Data Entry

Diabetes Management

Behavioral Health

Elder Care





Patient Registration

Women’s Health



Emergency Room


Public Health Nursing



Appointment System

Occupational Med

RPMS Integrates MultipleClinical Systems into One Database

Rpms applications that crs mines
RPMS Applications that CRS Mines

  • CRS mines data from these RPMS applications:

    • Majority of the Data

      • PCC (Patient Care Component)

    • Other Data

      • Behavioral Health (looks for BHS problem codes)

      • Women’s Health (looks for Pap Smears & Mammograms)

      • Immunization (gets children 19-35 months who are active in the Immunization Package)

  • All RPMS applications have a link from the application to PCC

    • If that link is turned on, the data is passed from the application to PCC, where CRS will find it. (Default setting for these links is “on.”)

What about the rpms ehr
What About the RPMS EHR?

  • Since the Electronic Health Record (EHR) updates the PCC database and other applications that pass data to PCC (e.g. Immunizations, Lab, Pharmacy), CRS will find that data in PCC

Crs data
CRS Data

CRS does not update the PCC database; it reports on data it mines from PCC and the Behavioral Health, Women’s Health, and Immunization packages.

Types of data crs mines
Types of Data CRS Mines

  • Patient Demographic Data

    • Name

    • Age

    • Sex

    • Community of Residence

    • Chart Number

  • Patient Health Data

    • Standard Codes

    • Site-Populated Codes

Types of data crs mines cont d
Types of Data CRS Mines (cont’d)

  • Standard codes, which are written into the CRS programs and may not be edited

    • Industry-standard Codes

      • ICD-9 codes (diagnosis and procedure)

      • CPT codes (billing)

      • CVX codes (immunizations)

      • LOINC codes (standard coding for lab tests)

    • IHS-exclusive Codes

      • Exam codes (e.g. 03 Diabetic Retinal Exam)

      • Patient Education codes (e.g. DM-M: Diabetes Mellitus – Medications education)

      • Health Factors (e.g. Alcohol or Tobacco User)

Types of data crs mines cont d1
Types of Data CRS Mines (cont’d)

  • Site-populated codes, which are stored in taxonomies that are maintained by each site

    • Lab Tests

      • Examples: Hemoglobin A1c, LDL Cholesterol, Pap Smear, FOBT

    • Medications

      • Examples: Beta-blockers, ACEIs/ARBs, Aspirin, Statins

      • Most medication taxonomies are pre- populated either by NDC or VA Drug Class codes

  • Sites need to update their taxonomies in CRS periodically to add new lab tests and medications

Example of crs mining the data
Example of CRS Mining the Data


Looks for Active Clinical patients with Dx

250.00-250.93 prior to the Report Period,

2 visits ever with 250.00-250.93, and 2

visits for any Dx during Report Period




Report Denominator

How many patients

are Active Diabetic

in 2009?

Returns number of patients

& their data

Report Numerator

Of those patients, how

many had an A1c

this year?

Looks for site-populated A1c lab tests,

LOINC codes, or CPT 83036

Returns number of patients

& their data

Report & Patient List

What is a performance measure topic
What is a Performance Measure Topic?

  • Performance Measure Topic: An overarching clinical topic (e.g., pneumococcal immunization rates)

  • Each topic has one or more:

    • Denominator: definition of the total population that is being reviewed

    • Numerator: the number of patients from the denominator who meet the criteria identified

What is a performance measure
What is a Performance Measure?

  • Performance Measure: The combination of one denominator and one numerator

  • GPRA Measure: The performance measure defined by the agency as a specific performance measure to be reported to Congress

Example crs gpra measure
Example: CRS GPRA Measure

Active Clinical patients 65 or older (denominator) with Pneumococcal vaccine documented at any time before the end of the Report Period, including refusals in past year (numerator).

User population denominator
User Population Denominator

  • For GPRA, defined as:

    • Must be Indian/Alaska Native, based on Beneficiary classification 01, and

    • Must reside in a community specified in the site’s GPRA community taxonomy, and

    • Must be alive on last day of Report Period, and

    • Must have 1 visit to any clinic in the past 3 years

Key denominator active clinical
Key Denominator: Active Clinical

  • Developed specifically for clinical measures to identify more representative “active” population than User Pop

  • For GPRA, defined as:

    • Must be Indian/Alaska Native, based on Beneficiary classification 01, and

    • Must reside in a community specified in the site’s GPRA community taxonomy, and

    • Must be alive on last day of Report Period, and

    • Must have 2 visits to defined medical clinics in the past 3 years

Active clinical denominator cont d
Active Clinical Denominator (cont’d)

One of the patient’s visits must have been to one of the core medical clinics below.

Active clinical denominator cont d1
Active Clinical Denominator (cont’d)

The second visit must be to one of the core clinics (previous slide) or to one of the clinics listed below.

Crs access security keys
CRS Access & Security Keys

Who should have access to crs
Who Should Have Access to CRS?

  • Anyone who will perform any of the following functions:

    • Set up the Site Parameters

    • Edit the site-populated lab or drug taxonomies

    • Run the National GPRA & PART Report and generate export files

    • Run other CRS reports

    • Run patient lists

  • Access to the above functions should be limited to the needs of the user

Crs security keys
CRS Security Keys

  • BGPZ MENU:Enables user to run all reports except the CMS Report. Does not give user any of the functionality listed below.

  • BGPZ PATIENT LISTS:Enables a user to run lists of patients that contain patient identifiers and medical information.

  • BGPZ SITE PARAMETERS:Enables a user to edit the site parameters.

  • BGPZ TAXONOMY EDIT: Enables a user to edit the site-populated lab and medication taxonomies.

  • BGPZAREA: Provides a user with access to the Area Office menu, where Area Aggregate reports may be run.


Standard codes used in crs logic
Standard Codes Usedin CRS Logic

Standard codes
Standard Codes

  • Hard-coded in CRS program logic; users cannot change the codes

  • Types of Standard Codes

    • CPT: to report diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for billing

    • ICD:

      • Diagnoses (POV, Problem List)

      • Procedure codes

    • LOINC: for laboratory tests, etc.

    • IHS National Patient Education Codes

    • IHS Health Factors (e.g. tobacco or alcohol user)

    • IHSExam Codes (e.g. dental exam, diabetic foot exam)

Example of standard codes in crs logic
Example of Standard Codes in CRS Logic

  • To define Pap Smear (past 3 years):

    • V Lab: Pap Smear (standard test name), OR

    • Site-populated taxonomy BGP PAP SMEAR TAX, OR

    • LOINC taxonomy, OR

    • V POV: V67.01, V76.2, V72.31, V72.32, V72.3 (old code), V76.47, 795.0*, 795.10 – 16, 795.19 OR

    • V Procedure: 91.46, OR

    • V CPT: 88141-88167, 88174-88175, G0123, G0124, G0141, G0143-G0145, G0147, G0148, P3000, P3001, Q0091, OR

    • Women’s Health procedure called Pap Smear, OR

    • Refusals in past year


  • Groupings of similar things

    • Lab Tests

    • Drugs

    • CPT codes

    • ICD-9 codes

    • Others

  • Used by RPMS applications, including CRS, to find data items in PCC



  • 2 Types of Taxonomies in CRS

    • Hard-coded

      • Users cannot update

      • LOINCs are included in these

    • Site-populated

      • Users update with System Setup menu option

      • All non-LOINC lab tests are included in these



Taxonomy tips
Taxonomy Tips

  • You must work with your Lab & Pharmacy staff to identify all test and drug names

    • Run the Lab & Medication Taxonomy Reports and give to your Lab & Pharmacy Supervisors

  • Include ALL test names used by your facility since 1995, even if codes are currently inactive

    • GPRA reports use a baseline year of 2000 and some measures look back 5 years

    • Must include tests that were active at that time if you want good baseline data




Taxonomy tips cont d
Taxonomy Tips (cont’d)

  • Do not include names of lab panels in taxonomies for specific tests that look at results (e.g., “Lipid Panel” should not be included in LDL taxonomy)

    • For LDL cholesterol, include a lipid panel if it is the test that is normally performed for diabetes patients instead of an LDL cholesterol test

    • Panels do not report the test result, only that the test was done

Report parameters
Report Parameters

  • Report Period

    • 1-year time period (e.g. July 1, 2009 – June 30, 2010, Jan 1, 2009 – Dec 31, 2009)

  • Baseline Year

    • 1-year time period (e.g. July 1, 1999 – June 30, 2000)

  • Patient Population

    • AI/AN patients only

    • Non-AI/AN patients only

    • Both AI/AN and non-AI/AN

  • Community Taxonomy

    • All of the communities included in the report

      • Patients must reside in one of these communities; otherwise, they are not reported

Types of crs reports
Types of CRS Reports

  • National GPRA & PART Report

    • GPRA measures, GPRA developmental measures (e.g. measure counts excluding refusals) and several non-GPRA measures included for context, preset to current GPRA year. Breastfeeding Rates are included as a PART measure in this national report.

  • GPRA & PART Performance Report

    • Same as National GPRA & PART except users can choose the report parameters

  • Other National Measures (ONM) Report

    • 20 non-GPRA topics reported nationally.

  • Executive Order Quality Transparency Reports

    • 11 non-GPRA topics reported nationally.


Types of crs reports cont d
Types of CRS Reports (cont’d)

  • Selected Measures Report

    • 61 topics available

      • Users may choose any or all topics

  • HEDIS Report

    • 22 HEDIS-based performance measure topics

  • Elder Care Report

    • 27 performance measure topics

  • Patient Education Report

    • 7 topics providing information on types of education provided to User Pop patients

  • CMS Report

    • Patient lists for 21 inpatient measures relating to Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Pneumonia, and Surgery

Crs patient lists
CRS Patient Lists


  • Show the detail behind the report

  • List options

    • Random sample (10%)

    • By designated provider

    • All patients

  • Display information about the patient

    • Patient’s name, chart number, gender, etc

    • Denominator(s) and numerator(s) the patient is included in

  • Available for all reports

    • National GPRA & PART Report & ONM Report: User chooses to include patients who met or did not meet a measure

    • All Other Reports: Patient lists are predefined

Patient lists can be used for
Patient Lists Can Be Used For...

  • Verifying RPMS data against patient’s chart info

  • Identifying patients who need certain screenings/procedures

    • e.g., tobacco screening, flu shot

  • Identifying “at risk” patients

    • e.g., high LDL, high BP, obese

  • Delimited files are most useful output for patient lists!

Review of sample patient lists
Review ofSample Patient Lists

Demo of site parameters setup crs hands on scripts
Demo of Site Parameters SetupCRS Hands-On Scripts

Crs disclaimer
CRS Disclaimer

  • CRS is not a workload application, nor is it intended for managing patient care

  • Its purpose is to report on the quality of care IHS is providing to its patient population as defined by specific performance measures

  • Unless specifically stated in the logic, the test found (i.e. numerator value) does not indicate the most recent test

    • If the date of the most recent test is needed, check PCC

  • Cannot compare CRS results with results of a QMan search unless the EXACT SAME LOGIC is used!

Crs disclaimer cont d
CRS Disclaimer (cont’d)

  • Software is not a solution

  • Software is a toolto assist users in identifying and aggregating comparableclinical information

  • Software can help identify problems

    • with data

    • with clinical documentation process

    • with clinical care

      Bottom Line: CRS cannot fix a facility’s problems; an active QI program is needed. Users must run and review the CRS reports to see if the rates are reasonable. If they are not, need to research the patient’s data and get the patient the needed test/screenings/care.

Question answer session

Optional discussion tips for improvement
Optional Discussion: Tips for Improvement

Report results
Report Results

  • Low or “incorrect” results on your CRS reports does not necessarily mean that you are not performing the appropriate procedures, screenings, etc

  • It does mean that the data cannot be located in RPMS

  • First, check what’s in the chart against what’s in RPMS

    • Use Patient Lists

Tips for improvement
Tips for Improvement

  • Ensure Data Entry is up-to-date

    • Final GPRA reports normally are due to CAO the first week of August. The end of the GPRA report period is June 30.

    • Reports at local facilities will be run in July.

    • If data entry is >4 weeks behind, none of the data that is entered after July will be counted in your GPRA report!!!

Tips for improvement cont d
Tips for Improvement (cont’d)

  • Review your GPRA community taxonomy

    • Ensure all communities assigned within your service area are included in the GPRA taxonomy

      • Your site or Area Planning Officer or Statistician should be able to assist in defining appropriate communities

      • Only Area Planning Officers should edit the GPRA community taxonomy

        • Removing or adding taxonomies could have a negative impact on the GPRA & PART measures

        • If you want to add or delete communities for testing purposes, then create a new taxonomy but leave the GPRA taxonomy as is

    • Find out if any name changes have been made to communities in your taxonomy

      • If yes, need to change taxonomy to delete old community and add new community

Tips for improvement cont d1
Tips for Improvement (cont’d)

  • Document and enter refusals

    • Refusals count toward meeting many measures

      • Pap, mammogram, immunization, diabetic eye exam, CRC screen, etc.

    • Providers: document on PCC

      • Write in POV section “Refused ___” (depending on test, IZ, or other procedure)


      • Write “Refused” in appropriate Order Box at right

    • Data Entry: use REF mnemonic

Tips for improvement cont d2
Tips for Improvement (cont’d)

  • Document historical lab tests and procedures

    • Providers: Ask about and record historical information on PCC

      • Ask patients about common off-site procedures (e.g., IZ type, date received, location)

      • Document telephone visits

      • Verbal or written lab or other referral reports

    • Data Entry: Use Historical Mnemonics

      HIM (Immunization) HPAP (Pap Smear)

      HRAD (Radiology) 76090-76092 for mammogram

      HBE (Barium Enema) HCOL (Colonoscopy)

      HFOB (FOBT, guaiac) HSIG (Sigmoidoscopy)

Tips for improvement cont d3
Tips for Improvement (cont’d)

  • Download the Clinical Cheat Sheet from the CRS web site (Performance Improvement Toolbox page)

    • Contains detailed instructions for providers and data entry on documenting and entering information for:

      • Historical Data

      • Refusals

      • Exams

Tips for improvement cont d4
Tips for Improvement (cont’d)

  • Include all relevant lab tests for taxonomies

    • Update taxonomies at least annually because the Lab updates lab profile and codes periodically throughout the year

    • Include changed, inactive, deleted and current tests in your taxonomy because CRS looks at tests as far back as 1995

    • Coordinate with lab tech to assure ALL codes identified. They may know names of tests you wouldn’t know.

  • Document reference lab results

    • If labs are sent out, ensure that test completion and result are entered in PCC when returned

Www ihs gov cio crs

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Join the crs listserv
Join the CRS Listserv

1. Go the CRS Listserv page (URL shown below).

2. Click “Subscribe” link.

3. It brings up an e-mail window.  Click the “Send” button.

4. You will receive an email response with the following message in the text.

Your command:

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has been received. You must now reply to this message (as explained

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