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The Constitutional Era. (1781-1789). What is a republic? A representative democracy. What is the basic principle of republican government? The people elect representatives who make the laws. What was the first attempt at workable government in the United States?

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
What is a republic?
  • A representative democracy
slide3
What is the basic principle of republican government?
  • The people elect representatives who make the laws.
slide4
What was the first attempt at workable government in the United States?
  • The Articles of Confederation
slide6
What does a constitution provide?
  • The basic framework of a government.
slide7
Name 5 factors that made the national government under the Articles weak?
  • 1) only a legislative branch; 2) Congress had no power to tax; 3) no national currency; 4) each state had 1 vote in the Confederation Congress; 5) no executive and no judicial branch
slide9
What does the judicial branch of a government do?
  • Interprets or explains the meaning of the laws
slide11
What is a compromise?
  • An agreement in which both sides get part of what they want, but neither side gets all of what it wants.
what was the great compromise or connecticut compromise
What was the Great Compromise or Connecticut Compromise?
  • A plan providing for a two-houseCongress in which the people would be represented in a House ofRepresentatives and the states in the Senate. In other words, the House ofRep. would be based on population, while each state would have 2 U.S. senators.
what was the virginia plan
What was the Virginia Plan?
  • A framework proposed by the Virginia delegation to the Constitutional Convention under which the national government would have a legislature consisting of two houses. Representation in both houses would be based on population. Big states would have more representatives.
what was the new jersey plan
What was the New Jersey Plan?
  • A framework proposed by the New Jersey delegation to the Constitutional Convention under which the national government would have a legislature consisting of one house. Under the New Jersey Plan each state had onevote. This plan benefited small states.
which one became part of the constitution the va plan the n j plan or the great compromise
Which one became part of the Constitution: the Va. Plan, the N.J. Plan, or the Great Compromise?
  • The Great Compromise
what was the great compromise or connecticut compromise1
What was the Great Compromise or Connecticut Compromise?
  • A plan providing for a two-houseCongress in which the people would be represented in a House ofRepresentatives and the states in the Senate. In other words, the House ofRep. would be based on population, while each state would have 2 U.S. senators.
what is federalism
What is federalism?
  • The division of power in the United States between the national government and the state governments.
what are the two houses of congress
What are the two houses of Congress?
  • The House of Representatives
  • The United States Senate
how is a state s membership in the house of rep decided
How is a state’s membership in the House of Rep. Decided?
  • By Population; States with large populations have more representatives than states with small populations.
what was the three fifths compromise
What was the three-fifths compromise?
  • A compromise between the northern and southern states
  • Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person in figuring the slave states’ population for representation in the House of Representatives
what is separation of powers
What is separation of powers?
  • The division of power among different branches of government.
what is the checks and balances system
What is the checks and balances system?
  • A system of government by which each branch of government can check or stop the actions of the other branches
who were the federalists during the constitutional era
Who were the Federalists during the Constitutional era?
  • People who supported the Constitution.
what is the bill of rights
What is the Bill of Rights?
  • The first ten amendments to the Constitution
what was the basic idea of the virginia declaration of rights
What was the basic idea of the Virginia Declaration of Rights?
  • That government should not violate basic human rights.
slide39
What two documents did Madison consult when he was working on the Bill of Rights?
  • The Virginia Declaration of Rights and the Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom
what did the virginia statute of religious freedom do
What did the Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom do?
  • Outlawed the established church in Virginia
  • Supported the idea of freedom of religion
what rights does the first amendment guarantee
What rights does the First Amendment guarantee?
  • Freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, and the right of petition
what church was the established church in colonial virginia
What church was the established church in colonial Virginia?
  • The Anglican church or Church of England
to what did the phrase ratification of the constitution refer
To what did the phrase “ratification of the Constitution” refer?
  • 9 of the states approving the Constitution so that it would take effect
slide46
What First Amendment freedom allows Americans to make written requests to make changes in the government?
  • Freedom of Petition
on what document was the bill of rights based
On what document was the Bill of Rights based?
  • The Virginia Declaration of Rights
what is a constitutional amendment
What is a constitutional amendment?
  • An addition to the Constitution
slide49
During the state ratifying conventions, what did the Anti-Federalists force the Federalists to promise to adopt?
  • A Bill of Rights
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