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Rhetorical Terms: Definitions & Examples
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  1. Rhetorical Terms: Definitions & Examples

  2. Let us go forth to leadthe land we love. repetition of initial consonant sound with several words

  3. alliteration

  4. Let both sides explore… Let both sides for the first time, formulate serious and precise proposals…Let both sides seek to invoke… Let both sides unite to heed. similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses

  5. parallelism

  6. In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure of our course. using a single feature to represent a whole

  7. metonymy

  8. art of persuasion in writing, speaking, and other media

  9. rhetoric

  10. We shall support any friend, oppose any foe. opposition or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel structure

  11. antithesis

  12. And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back a jungle oppostion. Figure of speech that says one thing is another in order to explain by comparison

  13. metaphor

  14. "…peaceful revolution" paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another

  15. oxymoron

  16. Let all sides unite to heed in all corners of the earth the command of Isaiah. brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art

  17. allusion

  18. We are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth…that the torch has been passes to a new generation of Americans—born in this century. placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts

  19. juxtaposition

  20. To that world assembly of sovereign states, the United Nations, our last best hope in an age where the instuments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace, we renew our pledge of support. sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end

  21. periodic sentence

  22. Where it all will end knows God. a change in normal word order, such as the placement of the verb before the subject

  23. inversion

  24. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and the streets, we shall fight in the hills. Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines

  25. anaphora

  26. The terrorists want to kill Americans! appeal to emotion

  27. pathos

  28. Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us. sentence that exhorts, advises, calls to action

  29. hortative sentence

  30. arrangement of words

  31. syntax

  32. We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words

  33. asyndeton

  34. Opportunity knocked on the door. attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or idea

  35. personification

  36. Any literary or rhetorical device, as metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony, that consist in the use of words in other than their literal sense; artful diction

  37. trope

  38. Ask not what your country can do for you– ask what you can do for you country. repetition of words in reverse order

  39. antimetabole

  40. But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from our present course– both sides overburdened by the cost of modern weapons, both rightly alarmed by the steady spread of the deadly atom, yet both racing to alter that uncertain balance of terror thaat stays the hand of mankind's final war. Sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence and then builds and adds on

  41. cumulative sentence

  42. I have been teaching American literature for over twenty-five years; I promise you this is a book you want to read. appealing to credibility, character, and trustworthiness

  43. ethos

  44. word choice

  45. diction

  46. This term includes such devices as alliteration and assonance (that purposefully arrange sounds) and antithesis, asyndeton, and anaphora etc. (that arrange words for effect) creating artful syntax.

  47. scheme

  48. appeal to reason using details, examples, facts, statistical data, or expert testimony as support

  49. logos

  50. Don't cry because it's over. Smile because it happened. sentence used to command, enjoin, implore, or entreat