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Chapter 11 Section 1. From Bull Run to Antietam. Civil War. War between the Union states of the North and the Confederate states of the South 1861-1865. First Battle of Bull Run. 1st major battle of the Civil War 35,000 soldiers involved 2,900 union casualties

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Chapter 11 section 1

Chapter 11 Section 1

From Bull Run to Antietam


Civil war
Civil War

  • War between the Union states of the North and the Confederate states of the South

  • 1861-1865


First battle of bull run
First Battle of Bull Run

  • 1st major battle of the Civil War

  • 35,000 soldiers involved

  • 2,900 union casualties

  • Confederates suffered fewer than 2,000 casualties

  • Confederate victory


Casualty
Casualty

  • Military term for those killed, wounded, missing or captured in battle


War of attrition
War of Attrition

  • In this this type of war, one side inflicts continuous losses on the enemy in order to wear down its strength


Shell
Shell

  • Devices that exploded in the air or when they hit something


Canister
Canister

  • A special type of shell filled with bullets.

  • Turned cannons into giant shotguns


Battle of shiloh
Battle of Shiloh

  • 1862

  • Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant were pushed back after the first day

  • Urged to surrender but refused

  • Attacked Confederates on the 2nd day

  • Union Victory


Battle of shiloh1
Battle of Shiloh

  • Union- 13,000 casualties

  • Confederates- 11,000 casualties

  • Bloodiest battle ever on the North American continent up to that time

  • Ended union hopes of a quick war


Battle of antietam
Battle of Antietam

  • Lee decides to invade the North

  • Union discovers Lee’s orders

  • 12,000 die in first 3 hours of battle

  • At day’s end

    • 12,000 union casualties

    • 14,000 Confederate casualties


Battle of antietam1
Battle of Antietam

- Confederates retreat

- Lincoln orders Union General McClellan to destroy the Confederates

  • McClellan does not


Battle of antietam2
Battle of Antietam

  • Becomes the bloodiest single day of the Civil War


Which side won the first battle of bull run why
Which side won the First Battle of Bull Run? Why?

  • The Confederacy

  • Stonewall Jackson’s leadership and the arrival of fresh confederate troops just as the Union army was beginning to fall back guaranteed Confederate victory


What were the effects of the invention of new kinds of rifles bullets shells and canister
What were the effects of the invention of new kinds of rifles, bullets, shells, and canister?

  • They turned the tactic of attacking a position with massed troops into an act of slaughter


Briefly describe the war strategies of the north
Briefly describe the war strategies of the North.

  • Implement “Anaconda plan by blockading the South and gaining control over the Mississippi River

  • Seize Richmond


Briefly describe the war strategies of the south
Briefly describe the war strategies of the South.

  • Fight a war of attrition

  • Apply pressure on Great Britain and France to help by stopping cotton exports

    • South produced 75% of the world’s cotton