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Early Government Basic Vocab. Articles of Confederation. Governing document that came before the U.S. Constitution America’s 1 st Constitution Very weak central government…issues led to the U.S. Constitution. U.S. Constitution. Established 3 branches of government

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articles of confederation
Articles of Confederation
  • Governing document that came before the U.S. Constitution
  • America’s 1st Constitution
  • Very weak central government…issues led to the U.S. Constitution
u s constitution
U.S. Constitution
  • Established 3 branches of government
  • Established “Separation of Powers” and “Checks and Balances”
  • Our current laws are based on this document
constitutional convention of 1787
Constitutional Convention of 1787
  • Meeting held to rewrite the Articles of Confederation and solve the problems of the national government
  • Instead of rewriting the Articles, we wrote an entire new document called the U.S. Constitution
  • Abraham Baldwin and William Few represented Georgia
abraham baldwin
Abraham Baldwin
  • Represented Georgia at the Constitutional Convention of 1787
  • Signed the U.S. Constitution as a rep from Ga.
  • Instrumental in helping resolve the large state-small state issue of representation
william few
William Few
  • Represented Georgia at the Constitutional Convention of 1787
  • Signed the U.S. Constitution as a rep from Ga.
bill of rights
Bill of Rights
  • 1st 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution
  • Referred to as “Individual Freedoms”
  • Ex. Freedom of Speech, Religion, Press…Right to bear arms, speedy trial…
the great compromise
The Great Compromise
  • Argument about state representation in central government.
  • Made of two main plans..
    • New Jersey Plan- Small State Plan
    • Virginia Plan- Large State Plan
  • This led to equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives.
3 5 compromise
3/5 Compromise
  • Decision on representation based on slave population.
  • Issue driven by the slave owning south to count slave populations toward overall representation
  • Each slave would could as 3/5 of a person toward overall population in the state (House of Reps)
slide10

“T” Chart Georgia Constitution of 1777

Strengths

Weaknesses

  • Still have Legislative Branch
  • Three Branches
  • Three Branches had separate powers
  • Established counties – replaced parishes
  • Established local (county) governments
  • Legislature Unicameral (one house)
  • Not “Checks and Balances” – No second house in Legislative Branch
  • Governor served only 1 Year
  • Executive Branch (Governor) was weak – Couldn’t Veto Laws, grant pardons, “Chief Executive” only by name
  • Legislative elected council – had power to veto the Governor
  • Three Branches, but the Legislative was more powerful than the others
slide11

“T” Chart Articles of Confederation

Strengths

Weaknesses

  • First written constitution – Articles of Confederation (Nov. 1777)
  • Had a Legislature
  • Strong State governments
  • Weak central government
  • No Executive or Judicial Branch – no one to enforce laws or hear disputes
  • Did not allow the central (federal) government to levy (impose) taxes
  • Weak Union, feared strong central government
  • No “Checks and Balances”
  • Central Government did not have taxes, so no military
  • Central Government did not print money
  • All power lied with the states
  • Each state had an equal vote in Congress – regardless of size or population