Collapse of the USSR. 1917-1922 Russian Civil War. Communism become the new government form after rule by the tsars since 1631 Soviet Union/USSR emerges Has the US had any other form of government?. Russia Clip. The Creation of the Politburo.
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The first Politburo was created in Russia in late October of 1917 by the Bolshevik Party Central Committee and was made to supply a strong, continuous, flexible leadership.
The Politburo was an all-Russian communist political party that made political decisions for the Soviet Union.
Although the Politburo only lasted until 1991, it exercised supreme control over the Soviet Government.
In 1917 Riots in St. Petersburg continued to grow. It was at that time that Nicholas was forced to give up the thrown for himself and Alexei. This marked the end of Romanov rule of Russia.`
The fall of the Romanovs was the end of Monarchy in Russia.
Stalin’s 5 years plans were created to bring the soviet union into the industrialized age. His five year plans caused mass starvation and hundreds of thousands of people died. Anyone who protested his plans was also executed. Overall, while the plans he created did help bring the soviet union into the industrialized age, they caused hundreds of thousands of deaths and hurt more than they helped
Before The War :
USSR signs a non aggression pack with Nazis which divides Eastern Europe
After The War:
USSR becomes leading power with USA
USSR added countries to the soviet union
Time: 07:00 29 August 1949 (local) Location: Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan
The whole focus of the Soviet program was to set off a Soviet atomic blast at the earliest possible time whatever the cost. This device was an exact copy of the U.S. Gadget/Fat Man design. This was the first nuclear test ever by the soviet union. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bi0WMV7OPyQ&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
Occurred during the space race between the soviets and US in 1950-1956
Edward Teller suggested the idea of a Thermonuclear fission bomb or “hydrogen bomb”
The first bomb was ignited on Nov. 1st of 1952 by the US on the Enewetak Atoll
700 times greater than Hiroshima
Hurt more than helped because they never really utilized it other than testing which is a waste of funds
The Warsaw Pact was a Military alliance that of communist nations that was organized in 1955. This pact involved Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union. This was good for Russia because it allowed them to have more allies and support.
Sputnik 3 launched on 1958.05.15
Showed that USSR could have ICBM`s
program was further
along than the U.S. space program
WHAT IS IT?
The Berlin wall is the physical division between West Berlin and Germany for 1961-1989 and the symbolic boundary between democracy and communism during the cold war.
The Berlin wall was erected by communist to keep its people in.
The Soviet Union created the Berlin wall to stop citizens of the German republic emigrating to west Berlin and from their to The federal republic of Germany
Was build to keep people from fleeing to west Germany were the quality of life is better.
Soviet Union invaded Czechoslovakia on August 20, 1968, and killed many people. They did this to crush their Prague Spring political liberalization reforms. The invasion successfully stopped the reform and strengthened the Communist party of Czechoslovakia. This invasion helped the Soviet Union because it delayed the breakage of Eastern European Communism.
For thirteen days in October 1962 the world waited seemingly on the brink of nuclear war and hoped for a peaceful resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Relations improved as they realized how close the world had come to nuclear fallout this showed that USSR was a super power but had to reign in like we had
From November 1969-May 1972, SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) was in affect. The United States and the USSR have agreed to set limitations on Anti-Ballistic Air missile Systems. This was to help end the competition for the most superior defense system which could eventually lead to an offensive competition. The Soviet Union had not kept its side of the bargain with the agreements. Over those years, the USSR made 500 more weapon systems.
1978-1988, War broke out between Mujahidin(anti-communist party) and Afghanistan and Soviet forces. For a decade long war, Soviets and Afghanistan soldiers fought to bring down this anti-communist party. Mujahidin had the help of the United States, Saudi Arabia and China. Ultimately, the Soviets and Afghanistan lost. The Soviets lost 15,000 people and 37,000 wounded from this war.
It was a huge blow to the Soviets!
In 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union. Some of the changes he spoke of, are freezing the deployment of weapons and reduce international nuclear weapons stockpiles. He signed a number of agreements with the United States Banning nuclear disarment. He also improved the relations with the west. While eliminating nuclear weapons is a good thing at the same time, the soviet union took a serious downturn. Because of this he established a president. This was bad for the Soviet Union because he ended the communist’s parties monopoly as a political party.
By: Ben Swan
*After many years of communism oppression, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary set up elections in which anyone could run and vote, not just communist leaders, showing that the Soviet model was losing its power.
* Two join hands to demand freedom and independence from the USSR, forming an uninterrupted 600 km human chain made up of citizens from Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia, emphasizing how they do not want to be part of the Soviet Union any longer.
See slide Fall of the Berlin Wall
and West German came
because Germany is a
strong country and it a
threat to the USSR
The Russian Federation Files were documents released to the public to prove that Russia’s secrete police massacred 22,000 Polish Officers, citizens and intellectuals in WWII under Joseph Stalin’s rule.
The files were released by President Dmitry Medvedev after the Polish President along with his wife and officials died in a plane crash while traveling to attend a ceremony to commemorate the Katyn Massacre.
This helps the USSR because they are taking responsibility for their actions from the 1940’s because the situation would be a lot worse if they were to deny the event ever happened when most know that they did kill innocent Polish citizens.