Environmental Policy and Law. Chapter 24. Role of Government. Free Enterprise. Government. Regulate business enterprises that result in harm Without strangling innovation Without allowing env’tal degradation and social injustice. Vs.
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Regulate business enterprises that result in harm
Without strangling innovation
Without allowing env’tal degradation and social injustice
Fig. 24-2, p. 639
Fig. 24-3, p. 642
Fig. 24-5, p. 645
Figure 18, Supplement 8
Great ideas… but… the government has given an average of $1 billion a year in subsidies and tax breaks to privately owned interests that use public lands for mining, fossil fuel extraction, logging, and grazing.
Between 2002-2009, the government expanded the extraction of mineral, timber, and fossil fuel resources on US public lands and weakened environmental laws and regulations protecting them.
Fig. 24-9, p. 648
Ex. Vote with your wallet
Trade-Offs Coal Mine In West Virginia
Global Efforts to Solve
Most international environmental treaties lack criteria for evaluating their effectiveness
Over 500 international environmental treaties and agreements
UN Environment Programme negotiates and monitors environmental treaties
1992 Rio Earth Summit led to nonbinding agreements, inadequate funding, and little improvement in major problems by 2010
1992 Rio Earth Summit adopted principles for handling global environmental problems
2002 Johannesburg Earth Summit failed to deal with climate change, biodiversity loss, and poverty
2002 Johannesburg Earth Summit tried to implement 1992 Rio summit policies
2009 Copenhagen conference failed to deal with projected climate change
Fig. 24-12, p. 656
Solutions Coal Mine In West Virginia
Take long time to develop and require full consensus
Stop requiring full consensus among participating parties
Improve procedures and funding for monitoring and enforcement
Lack of funding and poor monitoring and enforcement
Not integrated with one another
Integrate existing agreements
Fig. 24-13, p. 657