Major Religions of South Asia. What are the purposes of religion?. Buddhist History. Origination : 6 th and 5 th Centuries B.C.E. India One of dozens of religions practiced in the region during the time period Founding Figure : Sakya Prince, Siddhartha Gautama
The Four Noble Truths:
*Goal of a Buddhist is to reach Enlightenment (to be awakened) and achieve Nirvana, which literally means “stop” or to “extinguish”
*Sets forth a middle path, between the extremes of asceticism and sensual indulgence
The Eightfold Path:
Triratna: “Three Jewels”
* Things to which a Buddhist looks for guidance or can “take refuge” in.
The Three Jewels
*Symbolizes balance of life, which is a representation of the path to enlightenment
Shiva: “The Destroyer”
Vishnu: “The Preserver”
Brahma: “The Creator”
unclean workers (tanners, waste, cremation, etc)
Jains believe that karma is a physical substance that is everywhere in the universe. Karma particles are attracted to the jiva (soul) by the actions of that jiva.
The quantity and nature of the karma particles sticking to the soul cause the soul to be happy or unhappy and affect the events in the soul's present and future lives.