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MENTAL HEALTH , SUBSTANCE ABUSE & BRAIN DEVELOPMENT IN JUVENILE OFFENDERS : EFFECTIVE NEW PROGRAMS, AND WHAT THE DATA SHOW. Jeffrey A. Butts John Jay College of Criminal Justice City University of New York Presented to the symposium: Kids Behind Bars New York, NY April 23, 2012.

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Jeffrey A. Butts John Jay College of Criminal Justice City University of New York


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    1. MENTAL HEALTH, SUBSTANCE ABUSE & BRAIN DEVELOPMENT IN JUVENILE OFFENDERS: EFFECTIVE NEW PROGRAMS, AND WHAT THE DATA SHOW Jeffrey A. Butts John Jay College of Criminal Justice City University of New York Presented to the symposium: Kids Behind Bars New York, NY April 23, 2012

    2. Lessons from Brain Research Adolescence is dominated by peer interactions, novelty seeking, andelevated consumption behavior, which can be adaptive despite the associated risks

    3. Lessons from Brain Research Adolescents have poor self-controlin emotionally charged situations, are easily influenced by peers and don’t think through consequences of some actions

    4. Lessons from Brain Research Research suggests adolescence is characterized by rapid growth in brain areas governing pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity– with much slower development in areas that support self-control and judgment

    5. Lessons from Brain Research Newest research suggests that adversity and stress “down regulate” the brain systems that allow for adaptive behavior and “up regulate” the emotional systems that can hijack rational regions important for guiding choices and actions

    6. Adolescence is not a mental health disorder

    7. Arrest?

    8. National Conference of State Legislatures, Juvenile Justice Guidebook for Legislators, November 2011 Factually Wrong

    9. Cause or Correlation ? The deeper we look into the juvenile justice process, the more we find past trauma, drug abuse, and mental health problems… Is this because these are the causes of juvenile crime? Or is the justice system less likely to divert youth with these problems because of their service needs, thus more likely to charge, adjudicate, place, etc.? 9

    10. Prevalence of Problems Social and Economic Disadvantages Justice System Contact Mental Health, Drugs, Trauma Offenders with Problems

    11. Cause or Co-Occurrence? Implications for practice and policy…