Vocabulary READ 3013.01 Joanna Velarde Monica Hernandez Christy Kunkel Karla Campos
Vocabulary • Enriching and developing students vocabularies should be a major goal in each academic discipline • Vocabulary is very important to reading comprehension. Readers cannot understand what they are reading without knowing what most of the words mean. • Critical reading is the ability to draw useful information from a book and often does not get the emphasis it needs. • Reading vocabulary-the words we need to know to understand what we read.
Vocabulary Strategies • Word Study Activities • Vocabulary Word Map • Word Games • Incidental Word Learning • Independent Reading
Components of Word Study • Easier to learn meanings when concepts are apparent • More meanings to words than just one. • Example- “bark” means the cover of a tree in addition to an action that a dog does. • Compound words • Synonyms • Antonyms • Homonyms • Figurative meanings • Example- similes and metaphors
Word Study Activities • Word posters • Word maps • Dramatizing Words • Word Sorts • Word Chains
Vocabulary Word Map • What Is It?A vocabulary word map is a visual organizer that helps students engage with and think about new terms or concepts in several ways. • How Does It Work?The new term goes in the middle of the map. Students fill in the rest of the map with a definition, synonyms, antonyms, and a picture to help illustrate the new concept. • Help Me Visualize A Vocabulary Word Map.Got a good graphic for me
Word Map • Seek and find puzzles, crossword puzzles, concentration with words and definitions, charades, Password, Bingo Across 3. The color of the nature 6. The place where you find your books 7. A type of pet 8. Appears during the day Down 1. Your teacher's name 2. A utensil to write with 4. Geometric shape 5. The sum of 10 plus 4
Dramatizing Words Children pick a work and act it out for their classmates -Somewhat like the game of charades. The classmates guess what word it is. “Action is a more effective was to explain a word than a verbal definition.” (pg. 189)
Dramatizing Charades is perfect example of a game that can be used in order to put the dramatizing words strategy into effect.
Supporting Incidental Learning ✔Lots of talk in the classroom – Discussion of events and experiences – Discussion of books – Peer groups collaborating on learning activities ✔Listening to stories/books read aloud ✔Teachers’ modeling of curiosity about words
Words Heard in Different Housholds Aal Differences in Quantity of Words Heard
Helping Children with Reading • Two ways to provide opportunities for independent reading are reading workshops and literature circles which allows the children to read self-selected books that interest them and to learn words in context. • Teaching children to love reading on their own and teaching them by showing is so important.
Independent Reading • Children learn an average of 3,000 words a year through reading, instruction, and other experiences. • Reading has the greatest impact on children’s vocabulary development and is the most important way that children learn new words. • The amount of time that children spend reading independently is the best predictor of vocabulary growth after second grade. • The books they choose to read should be appropriate for their reading levels. If they choose a book that is too easy or too hard, they will learn very few new words.
Slap Strategy ✔He tried to open the box with no luck. He couldn’t find the key, so he decided to use a smidget. ✔ Say the word. ✔ Look for clues. ✔ Ask your self what the meaning might be. ✔ Put word in the passage; does it make sense?
Resources • ReadingQuest .org http://www.readingquest.org/strat/wordmap.html • Fostering Vocabulary Development in Elementary Classrooms by Joanne F. Carlisle http://www.ciera.org/library/presos/2002/2002csi/2002csicarlisle/02csijcv.pdf • Puzzlemaker.com http://puzzlemaker.discoveryeducation.com/CrissCrossSetupForm.asp • Vocabulary in Beginning Reading http://reading.uoregon.edu/voc/voc_why.php • Put Reading First http://www.nifl.gov/partnershipforreading/publications/reading_first1.html • Tompkins, G. (2007). Literacy for the 21st century: Teaching reading & writing in prek through grade 4 (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.