Chapter 8. Planned Change. Murphy (1999) suggests that “change is inevitable, but growth is optional.”. A fundamental difference in management and leadership is that managers continue the status quo and leaders embrace change. Types of Change. Planned change
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Persons skilled in the theory and implementation of planned change
Forces driving to reach the goal
Forces restraining from reaching the goal
Opportunity for advancement
Status, social gratification
Family supportive of efforts
Low energy level
Limited financial resources
Time with family already limited
Degree of resistance for each individual depends on four things:
(Adapted from Perlman & Takacs, 1990).
The only way to conserve an organization is to keep it changing.