behavior therapy techniques n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Behavior Therapy Techniques

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Behavior Therapy Techniques - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 137 Views
  • Uploaded on

Behavior Therapy Techniques. Lesson 18. Clarifying the clients problem Formulating initial goals for therapy Designing a target behavior Identifying the maintaining conditions Designing a treatment plan Implementing the treatment plan Evaluating the success of treatment

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Behavior Therapy Techniques' - imelda-matthews


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
behavior therapy
Clarifying the clients problem

Formulating initial goals for therapy

Designing a target behavior

Identifying the maintaining conditions

Designing a treatment plan

Implementing the treatment plan

Evaluating the success of treatment

Conducting follow-up assessment ~

Goal setting

Behavioral Definitions

Functional Analysis

Objective measurement

Data collection

Evaluation ~

Behavior Therapy

Behavior Modification

changing behavior
Changing Behavior
  • Acceleration Target Behaviors
    • Increase behavioral deficits
    • Primarily positive reinforcement
  • Deceleration Target Behaviors
    • Punishment   behavior
    • “Dead” person rule
    • Include acceleration behaviors ~
deceleration techniques
Deceleration Techniques
  • Differential RFT (DRO & DRI)
  • Direct Deceleration Therapy
    • Consequential deceleration
    • Aversion therapy
  • Token Economies
    • Pos RFT & response cost
  • Exposure therapies
    • Brief / graduated
    • Prolonged / intense ~
counter conditioning joseph wolpe
Counter-Conditioning: Joseph Wolpe
  • Reciprocal inhibition
  • Buzzer sounded when cat was eating
    • Buzzer (CS) : eating (US)  pos CER
    • Buzzer (CS) : shock (US)  fear
  • Substitution of competing responses
    • Respondent Learning
    • Can also replace fear with pos CER ~
mary cover jones peter
Mary Cover Jones & “Peter”
  • Treatment of phobias
    • Peter fearful of white rabbit
  • Counterconditioning
    • Pairing favorite food & rabbit
  • Exposure therapy
    • Gradually moved rabbit closer
    • Peter watched another child play with rabbit ~
inhibitory learning
Inhibitory learning
  • Conditioned Inhibition
    • Learning to withhold conditional response
  • CS-: US will not occur
    • no US for period of time
    • US must be a significant event
  • Occurs only if there is an excitatory context ~
standard procedure
Standard Procedure
  • Some trials: CS+ --- US
  • Other trials: CS+ / CS- --- No US
  • Example: traffic light
    • CS+ (red)  CR?
    • CS- (police officer) / CS+  CR?
  • Respond differently under different circumstances ~
negative cs us contingency
Negative CS-US Contingency
  • Similar to standard procedure
    • Some trials: CS+ & US
    • Other trials: CS- & no US
  • CS-  no response
  • Example: Traffic light
    • Red (CS+) – Danger (US)
    • Green (CS-) – no Danger (no US) ~
inhibitory conditioning stress
Inhibitory Conditioning & Stress
  • Panic attacks  extreme stress
      • Carter, Hollon, Carson, & Shelton (1995)
    • triggered by CS+ for aversive stimuli
  • Panic attack experimentally induced
    • accompanied by trusted friend
    • or alone ~
  • Friend acted as CS- for stress
    •  stress compared the alone group
    • trusted friend was a safety signal ~
exposure therapies
Exposure Therapies
  • For fear/anxiety & other negative CERs
    • Intense, maladaptive, or inappropriate
    • Some strong fears adaptive
  • Based on Extinction
    • Fear-provoking events (CS+)
    • Safe environment (no US) ~
exposure therapies models
Exposure Therapies Models
  • Brief/graduated exposure therapy
    • Short exposure periods
    • Gradually increase intensity of CS
  • Prolonged/intense
    • Lengthy exposure periods
    • Immediate exposure to intense CS
  • Mode of exposure on continuum
    • Imaginal ---------------------- in vivo ~
systematic desensitization
Systematic Desensitization
  • Brief/Graduated Exposure Therapy
  • Relaxation Training
    • Tense then relax muscle groups
  • Fear Hierarchy
    • Rank fear-provoking situations
  • Graded Pairing
    • CS for fear with muscle relaxation
    • Thru hierarchy: lowest highest ~
systematic desensitization theoretical explanations
Systematic Desensitization: Theoretical Explanations
  • Counterconditioning
    • Substitution of competing response
  • Reciprocal inhibition
    • Neurophysiological processes
    • Parasympathetic vs Sympathetic
  • Extinction
    • Cues present but no danger (US) ~
flooding
Flooding
  • Prolonged/Intense Exposure Therapy
    • Also called implosive therapy
    • In vivo or imaginal
  • Treatment for
    • Phobias
    • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
    • Post-traumatic stress disorder
    • Agoraphobia ~
flooding1
Flooding
  • Aversive CS  escape/avoidance
    • Limits opportunity for extinction
  • Confront individual w/ fear-provoking situations/ images
    • No relaxation
    • Not graded
    • Extinction process
  • Potential for intensifying fear ~
aversive therapy
Aversive Therapy
  • Punishment of target behaviors
    • Instrumental conditioning
    • Raversive stimulus
    • E.g., chronic vomiting  shock
  • Problems
    • Avoidance of therapy (drop out)
    • Disruptive CERs
    •  punishment of others
    • Ethics concerns ~
more acceptable punishers
Snap rubber band on wrist

Cigarette smoke

Bitter substance

Water mist sprayed in face

Loud noise

Mild mouthwash

Trichotillomania (Pulling out hair)

Compulsive eating

Nail biting

Face slapping

Bruxism

Biting other children

“More Acceptable” Punishers

Punisher

Target Behavior

aversive therapy covert sensitization
Aversive Therapy: Covert Sensitization
  • Classical & instrumental conditioning
  • Use of imaging
    • Therapist describes behavior
    • & aversive outcome
  • Advantages
    • Safe & more acceptable to clients
    • Clients can self-administer in vivo
  • Effectiveness equivocal ~