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The Atomic Bomb. Allied Ground Invasion?. Victories at Iwo Jima and Okinawa opened the way for an invasion of Japan Despite these victories, Japan still had a huge army that would defend their homeland at any cost. Allied Ground Invasion?.

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allied ground invasion
Allied Ground Invasion?
  • Victories at Iwo Jima and Okinawa opened the way for an invasion of Japan
  • Despite these victories, Japan still had a huge army that would defend their homeland at any cost
allied ground invasion1
Allied Ground Invasion?
  • President Truman foresaw massive losses if an invasion were to occur
  • Ultimately, Truman decides against invasion and opts for the use of the atomic bomb
the manhattan project
The Manhattan Project
  • Best-kept secret of the war
  • At its peak, 600,000 Americans were involved in the project, although few knew its purpose
  • First test: July 16, 1945 in Alamogordo, New Mexico
the decision
The Decision
  • July 5, 1945, Truman orders the military to make final plans for dropping two atomic bombs on Japanese targets.
  • July 6, 1945: U.S. warns Japan that it faces ‘prompt and utter destruction’ if it fails to surrender
little boy
‘Little Boy’
  • On August 6, a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay released an atomic bomb (‘Little Boy’) over Hiroshima (an important military center)
  • In a matter of seconds, nearly every building in the city collapsed to dust from the force of the blast
fat man
‘Fat Man’
  • Three days later (August 9, 1945), a second bomb (‘Fat Man’) was dropped on Nagasaki.
  • By the end of the year, an estimated 200,000 people had died as a result of injuries and radiation poisoning
  • Japan surrenders on

September 2, 1945

rebuilding begins
Rebuilding Begins
  • The Yalta Conference – Meeting between Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt to discuss the Post-War world
yalta conference
Yalta Conference
  • 1. Germany is divided into four zones (occupied by Americans, British, Soviets, and French)
  • 2. Stalin promised ‘free and unfettered elections’ in Poland and other Soviet-occupied territories
  • 3. Stalin joins Allies in war against Japan
nuremberg trials
Nuremberg Trials
  • A series of trials for 24 surviving Nazi leaders for war crimes
  • 12 of 24 defendants were sentenced to death
  • Note: the principle of individual responsibility becomes a condition of international law.
  • ‘I was following orders’ becomes an illegitimate excuse for crimes committed