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The Epidemiology of Sexual Assault in Adolescents. Gilberto A. Velez-Domenech, M.D. Division of Adolescent Medicine New York Medical College Westchester Medical Center Valhalla, New York. Epidemiology. Age Rate (per 1000 persons) Ages 12 to 15 3.5 Ages 16 to 19 5.0

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the epidemiology of sexual assault in adolescents

The Epidemiology of Sexual Assault in Adolescents

Gilberto A. Velez-Domenech, M.D.

Division of Adolescent Medicine

New York Medical College

Westchester Medical Center

Valhalla, New York

epidemiology
Epidemiology
  • Age Rate (per 1000 persons)
    • Ages 12 to 15 3.5
    • Ages 16 to 19 5.0
    • Ages 20 to 24 4.6
    • Ages 25 to 29 1.7
  • Gender Difference
    • Female to Male Ratio 13.5:1
epidemiology3
Epidemiology
  • 66% to 75% of all sexual assaults are perpetrated by an acquaintance or a relative.
  • Older adolescents, most commonly the victims during social encounters with assailants
  • Younger adolescents, assailant more likely to be a member of the extended family.
epidemiology4
Epidemiology
  • Adolescents are more likely than adults to have used alcohol or drugs
  • Adolescents are less likely to be physically injured. Assailant is less likely to use a weapon
epidemiology5
Epidemiology
  • Adolescents are more likely to delay seeking medical care
  • Adolescents are less likely to press charges
  • Male victims are less likely to report an assault
epidemiology6
Epidemiology
  • 90% of perpetrators of sexual assault against male adolescents are male
  • Male perpetrators of male sexual assault identify themselves as heterosexual
  • Lack of clarity whether adolescent victims are more commonly heterosexual or homosexual
epidemiology7
Epidemiology
  • Rate of perpetration by an acquaintance is similar for male and female victims.
  • Multiple assailants (gang rape), use of a weapon and forced oral assault are more common in assaults of males than females
  • Alcohol or drug use immediately before the SA is reported by >40% of victims and assailants