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Credit_Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3. Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com. Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com. Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com. Credit: Sarah Gotheil, IUCN.

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Protecting Biodiversity in the High Seas The Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (GOBI)


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    1. Credit_Deep Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Team_IFE_URI_NOAA_no3 Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com Credit: Sarah Gotheil, IUCN ProtectingBiodiversity in the High SeasThe Global OceanBiodiversity Initiative (GOBI) Patricio A. Bernal GOBI Coordinator, IUCN Name, location and date of meeting Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com Credit: Imène Meliane, IUCN Photo Library Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com Credit: Robert L. Pitman (NOAA) Credit: John Weller, john@lastocean.com

    2. OPEN OCEANS, DEEP SEAS AND HIGH SEAS • Facts: • 95 % of the global biosphere • Major part of world’sbiodiversity • Regulatingrole in Earth’sclimate • 64% = high seas • The ”Area”: seabed beyond legal continental shelves • Pressures: • Intensifyinghuman uses • Climate change • Ocean acidification Credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, NOAA Credit: Flanders Marine Institute

    3. WORLD SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT JOHANNESBURG, 2002 • Reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010 • Encourage the application of ecosystem approaches to marine management by 2010 • Establish representative marine protected area networks by 2012 • Restore depleted fish stocks to maximum sustainable yields, where possible by 2015 • Eliminate destructive fishing practices

    4. CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY • CBD COP 8, 2006 • Encourage the establishment of MPAsbeyond national jurisdiction • Devise new mechanisms/instruments to achieve effective and enforceableMPAs and networks • CBD COP 9, 2008 • Adoption of CBD criteria for identifying ecologically or biologically significant areas in need of protection • Adoption of scientific guidance for designingrepresentative networks of MPAs

    5. NEEDS • Worktowards the identificationof significant areas and design of representative networks • Enhancedcooperation and coordinationwithsectoral organisations • Agreedglobal targets and objectives to promoteregional and sectoralcooperation • Adoptionof protective measures

    6. OPEN OCEANS AND DEEP SEAS • Opportunities for progress • New science at hand • Increasedawareness • Increasedpoliticalwill • Increasedinterest in regionalcooperation

    7. GLOBAL OCEAN BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVE Credit: Brooke et. al., NOAA OE 2005, Marine Photobank

    8. INITIATIVE BACKGROUND • Supported by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) • Funded by the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) during the German Presidency of the CBD • Help identify ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSA) in need of protection beyond national jurisdiciton

    9. INITIATIVE STRUCTURE Science Board AdvisoryBoard AquaMaps BirdLife International Census of Marine Life CenSeam CSIRO Duke University, MGEL IOC/UNESCO MCBI OBIS TOPP UNEP-WCMC UNU-IAS SCBD FAO GEF IMO IOC ISA UNEP UNDP Coordination IUCN • EBSA ANALYSES and MAPS • To bepresentedat: • CBD SBSTTA 14 (2010) • CBD COP 10 (2010) • CBD COP 11 (2012) Data, Research, EBSA Analyses & Meta-analyses

    10. INITIATIVE PARTNERS

    11. INITIATIVE OBJECTIVES • To establish and support international scientific collaboration to assist States and relevant regional and global organisations to identify ecologically significant areas using the best available scientific data, tools, and methods • To provide guidance on how the CBD’s scientific criteria can be interpreted and applied towards management, including representative networks of marine protected areas • To assist in developing regional analyses with relevant organisations and stakeholders

    12. PRELIMINARY RESULTS: ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE 7 CBD EBSA CRITERIA • Uniqueness or rarity • Special importance for life history of species • Importance for threatened, endangered or declining species and/or habitats • Vulnerability, fragility, sensitivity, slow recovery • Biological productivity • Biological diversity • Naturalness

    13. NEXT STEPS • Involve a larger number of experts and science teams • Involve stakeholders and State Parties • Cooperate to develop regional workshops and analyses • Improve the capacity to evaluate and identify EBSAs • Develop an initial list of EBSA’s • Develop methodologies for using multiple criteria methods