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洪湖湿地恢复与可持续利用. 雷 刚 项目官员 WWF 汇丰-长江项目 E-mail: glei@wwfchina.org Tel: +86-27-82753845. 报告提纲. WWF 介绍 洪湖背 景、问题与威胁 WWF 湿地恢复示范项目 项目影响 经验总结. Created in 1960. Active in 153 countries. Over 12,000 projects. 5 million supporters. WWF – Who & What?.

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slide1

洪湖湿地恢复与可持续利用

雷 刚

项目官员

WWF 汇丰-长江项目

E-mail: glei@wwfchina.org

Tel: +86-27-82753845

slide2
报告提纲
  • WWF 介绍
  • 洪湖背 景、问题与威胁
  • WWF湿地恢复示范项目
  • 项目影响
  • 经验总结
wwf who what

Created in 1960

Active in 153 countries

Over 12,000 projects

5 million supporters

WWF – Who & What?

The world leading independent nature conservation NGO

wwf s mission
WWF’s mission

WWF's mission is to stop the degradation of the planet's

Natural environment and to build a future in which

humans live in harmony with nature, by:

  • conserving the world's biological diversity
  • ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable
  • promoting the reduction of pollution and

wasteful consumption

wwf china s operation

FOREST

FRESHWATER&MARINE

SPECIES

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

EDUCATION

WWF China’s Operation

CLIMATE CHANGE & ENERGY

slide7
洪湖背 景
  • 文化价值-洪湖水浪打浪
  • 历史价值-红色革命根据地
  • 丰富的生物多样性
  • 担负者3000km2 的蓄洪任务
problem

1333

760

Disappearance of the

“Thousand lake state”

“千湖之省”的消失

348

问 题/Problem
slide9

Local farmers

Businessman

City layout workers

Local enterprises

Outside enterprises

Intensive Crab Farming

crab farming deteriorated the lake
“浪打浪”变成“杆打杆”Crab farming deteriorated the Lake

Aero photo of Lake Hong 2003

Ground photo of Lake Hong 2003

community workshop
Community workshop

Agreement on wetland restoration reached with local community!

restore the key food chain

Algae

eat

eat

Fish

Daphina

浮游植物

小型鱼类

浮游动物

关键食物链的恢复Restore the Key Food Chain

水生植物

measures
Measures 手段

Habitat Rebuilding

Removal fishing nets

Aquatic plants plantation

Change Fish Farming Structure

government actions
Allocated 60 M for fence removal

Established an Integrated Managing Authority

政府行动Government Actions
slide17

经 验 总 结Lessons Learnt

1、湿地恢复愈及时成本愈低

2、统一的管理机构尤为重要

3、湿地保护需要社区的积极参与

thank you for your attention
Thank you for your attention!

Balance the need of People and Nature

  • 20年前,洪湖为遏制沼泽化而开发渔业养殖;
  • 20年后,由于养殖面积过大,洪湖实行抢救性保护;
  • 可以预见,我们今后加强保护后,洪湖可能还会面临沼泽化的威胁。可见保护和合理利用是密不可分的。
  • 其实保护和利用之间并没有不可逾越的鸿沟,在实际工作中,应该尽量避免“一刀切”和“一哄而上”,要运用科学的方法处理好保护和利用之间的关系。