year 10 geography countries of the developing world south america brazil n.
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Year 10 Geography. Countries of the developing World South America Brazil. BRAZIL. What is the National Flag?.

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What is the National Flag?

The green ‘field’ of the flag is occupied by a yellow rhombus. In the centre of this yellow shape is a blue circle with the motto “Ordem e Progresso” (translated to “Order and Progress” in English) across it and 27 white five-pointed stars. This represents the night sky over Rio de Janeiro, even in terms of the individual positioning of the stars. Each star represents a specific state, of which there are precisely 27. In fact, because six new states were added to the country, the flag had to be revised and the new 27-star flag was released in 1992. In this newer version, the stars were also rearranged slightly so that they were accurate in terms of their astrological coordinates.


What is the national currency?

  • The unit of money or Brazil currency South America is Real (BRL). In 1500, the Portuguese established their colony in Brazil (then known as New World) and introduced the 'Real' currency .However the first official currency that was distributed everywhere bearing the 'Real'name was originally printed in the year 1654 by the Dutch when they occupied the Northeastern part of Brazil. Real became the official currency of Brazil in 1690 and since then its official status remained intact till 1942. Only in 1942, the currency named Cruzeiro replaced real.

What is it’s Capital ?

Does it belong to the United Nations ?

Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations and participates in all of its specialized agencies. Brazil is among the top twenty contributors to United Nations peacekeeping operations and has participated in peacekeeping efforts in the Middle East

  • Brasília is the capital of Brazil and the seat of government of the Federal District. The city is located along the Brazilian Highlands on the country's Central-West region. It was founded on April 21, 1960, to serve as the new national capital.

What type of government does it have?

Does it have a colonial history with a European power?

the period from 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese until 1815, when Brazil was elevated to a kingdom alongside Portugal as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarve During the over 300 years of Brazilian colonial history, the economic exploration of the territory was based first on Brazilwood extraction, sugar production and finally on gold and diamond mining brazilwood extraction In contrast to the neighboring fragmented Spanish possessions, the Portuguese colony, built up by the Portuguese in Latin America, kept its territorial unity and linguistic integrity after independence, giving rise to the largest country in the region.

  • Brazil has Federal Republic type of government. The head of their country is called president which is elected by the people. The members of their legislative and executive branches are also directly elected.

If so when did it gain it’s independence ?

Has it been politically stable? What effects has this had on the countries political and social development?

What it’s population

What is the countries gross national product

Services, industry and agriculture make up the majority of its annual GDP

GDP is 2.253 trillion USD (2012)

  • The current population of Brazil is estimated to be 199.321 million. It has increased by about 1.3% from last record.
Annual household income for families in this countries

Education level

School is compulsory between the ages of 7 to 14, but rarely enforced. There is a high rate of illiteracy

  • The average family income in Brazil is lower than 36,238 USD in 2013
Counties main sources of export income

Does the country have a tourist industry

Tourism is becoming a major industry in Brazil. The country will host the world cup in 2014 and Olympic games in 2016

  • Agriculture is an important industry. Products such as coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus and beef
main attractions
Main Attractions
  • Christ the Redeemer is the famous statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro
  • Iguazu Falls
  • Amazon River
  • Rio Carnival
  • Pantanal
  • Salvador Beaches
  • Historic Center of Olinda
  • Fernando de Noronha
major issues face by the emerging economy
Major Issues face by the emerging economy

Population pressures


Poverty is well above average for a middle income country.

  • The richest 10% of people in Brazil have access to over 40% of the countries income. The poorest 10% receive about 1% of the income.
Health issues

Social division

55% population is white

38% population is mestizo

Largest religious group Roman Catholic

  • Infant mortality
  • Tuberculosis
  • Malaria
  • Aids
Development and exploitation of natural resources

Climate change

Brazil is one of the leading nations on climate negotiations.

Brazil has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissons until 2020

  • Timber is a major component of the financial stability of Brazil.
  • Deforestation occurs to make room to agricultural areas reduces natural habitat