American Institute of ArchitectsCommittee on the Environment2007 Top Ten Green Projects Awards
AIA Committee on the Environment • 8,000+ members • 60 local chapters • Advisory Group • Kira Gould, Assoc. AIA, Chair • Henry Siegel, FAIA, Chair-elect • James Binkley, FAIA • David Miller, FAIA • Ken Scalf, AIA
AIA Committee on the Environment Mission “… promote the role of the architect as a leader in preserving and protecting the planet and its living systems.” Definitions Sustainability envisions the enduring prosperity of all living things. Sustainable design seeks to create communities, buildings, and products that contribute to this vision.
COTE Programs - Promoting Sustainability • Best Practices • Top Ten Green Projects • Greening Initiatives • Collaboration • Relationships with Allied Organizations • Communication • COTEnotes • COTE Forum • Regional Teams • Education & Advocacy • Ecological Literacy in Education • Solar Decathlon • Biomimicry Trainings
Support for the Top Ten Program Program Sponsor • EPA ENERGY STAR Program Partners • BuildingGreen.com and Environmental Building News • National Building Museum • DOE / High Performance Database Convention Reception Sponsor • NanaWall http://www.energystar.gov/
Support for the Top Ten Program COTE Top Ten Volunteers AIA Staff • Kathleen Lane • Marsha Garcia • Lisa Madison
The COTE Measures of Sustainability • Sustainable design intent & innovation • Regional community design/connectivity • Land use & site ecology • Bioclimatic design • Light & air • Water cycle • Energy flows & energy future • Materials & construction • Long life & loose fit • Collective wisdom & feedback loops
COTE Top Ten Measures - USGBC LEED™ Rating SystemSustainable Design Intent & Innovation Innovation & Design ProcessLong Life, Loose Fit Lessons Learned & Feedback LoopsRegional/Community Design & Connectivity Land Use & Site Ecology Sustainable SitesBioclimatic Design Energy Flows & Energy FutureEnergy & AtmosphereLight & Air Indoor Environmental QualityWater Cycle Water EfficiencyMaterials & Construction Materials & Resources
The 2006 Jury • Anne Schopf, FAIA, Mahlum Architects • John Quale, University of Virginia • Traci Rose Rider, PhD student • Alisdair MacGregor, PE, Arup • Susan Szenasy, Metropolis magazine • David Brems, FAIA, Gillies Stransky Brems Smith
There were so many good projects. We found it very difficult to draw the line. This shows that there is lots of good sustainable architecture going on in this country right now—and a lot of design excellence here. -- David Brems This was a time intensive judging process, since it’s not purely aesthetics. As a jury, we had to find those that we felt comfortable with for their rigor within sustainability as well as architecture … which is why it is a really diverse set of winners. They had taken on a different agenda—budget, type, sustainability agenda. We wanted to recognize a range of explorations. -- John Quale
Top Ten Measure 1: Sustainable Design Intent • How did ecological, social, and economic circumstances drive the • project’s design? • How were they expressed? • How does the architectural expression demonstrate the sustainable • design intent? • How did the sustainable design effort lead to a better overall • project design?
Sidwell Friends School, Washington, DC Measure 1: Sustainable Design Intent and Innovation Kieran Timberlake Architects
Sidwell Friends School, Washington, DC Kieran Timberlake Architects
Sidwell Friends School, Washington, DC The building itself is a teacher. It tells the students where they are. It helps them be conscious of water and light. There are all these cues connecting them to the natural world. This is so important at that level of teaching. The school itself could be a science project. -- Susan Szenasy Kieran Timberlake Architects
Top Ten Measure 2:Regional/Community Design & Connectivity • How does the design promote regional and community identity and • an appropriate sense of place? • How does the project contribute to public space and community • interaction. • How does the project’s location reduce automobile travel? • Does the project make use of any alternative local or regional • transportation strategies?
Willingboro Master Plan & Public Library, Willingboro, NJ Measure 2: Regional/Community Design & Connectivity • This transformed an old strip mall. These are everywhere in the US and this is a tremendous example of what can happen with will and intent. -- Traci Rose Rider Croxton Collaborative Architects
Willingboro Master Plan & Public Library, Willingboro, NJ Croxton Collaborative Architects
Willingboro Master Plan & Public Library, Willingboro, NJ • I think this kind of building type is important. Addressing these neglected facilities in this way is complex. They are transforming place in a more holistic way that a little visitor center in a beautiful place cannot. -- Anne Schopf Croxton Collaborative Architects
Top Ten Measure 3: Land Use & Site Ecology • How does the development of the project’s site responds to its • ecological context? • How does the site selection and design relate to ecosystems at • different scales, from local to regional? • Describe the landscape design and the creation, re-creation or • preservation of open space, on-site ecosystems and habitat.
Heifer International, Little Rock, AR Measure 3: Land Use & Site Ecology Polk Stanley Rowland Curzon Porter Architects
Heifer International, Little Rock, AR This deals with water in a very demonstrable way. It takes condensation, stores it, and uses that for cooling towers and wetlands during dry periods. Energy performance is about 54% below ASHRAE 99. The sustainable features are visible, but not ‘in your face.’ -- Alisdair MacGregor Polk Stanley Rowland Curzon Porter Architects
Heifer International, Little Rock, AR Polk Stanley Rowland Curzon Porter Architects
Top Ten Measure 4: Bioclimatic Design • Describe how the building responds to the site, climate and bio-climatic • region through passive design strategies. • What are the most important issues to address for your climate and • building type?
Government Canyon Visitor Center, Helotes, TX Measure 4: Bio-Climatic Design Lake Flato Architects
Government Canyon Visitor Center, Helotes, TX This has the great Texas vernacular … what the world was like before air conditioning! The building opens up and shades itself and fits into the landscape in an unaggressive way. There is also something really familiar and comfortable about it. -- Susan Szenasy Lake Flato Architects
Government Canyon Visitor Center, Helotes, TX Lake Flato Architects
Top Ten Measure 5: Light & Air • How does the design create a comfortable interior environment while • providing abundant daylight and fresh air. • Outline design strategies for daylighting, lighting design, ventilation, • indoor air quality, view corridors, and personal control systems. • Describe how the project’s design enhances connections between • indoors and outdoors.
Wayne L. Morse US Courthouse, Eugene, OR Measure 5: Light & Air Morphosis with DLR Group
Wayne L. Morse US Courthouse, Eugene, OR • This is a complex and demanding program. They made a big move, getting the courtrooms raised up to the light. That’s the big story here.-- Anne Schopf Morphosis with DLR Group
Wayne L. Morse US Courthouse, Eugene, OR Morphosis with DLR Group
Top Ten Measure 6: Water Cycle • Describe how building and site design strategies conserve water, • manage site water and drainage, and capitalize on renewable sources. • Outline water-conserving landscape and building design strategies, as • well as any water-conserving fixtures, appliances, and HVAC equipment. • List water reuse strategies for rainwater, graywater, and/or wastewater.
Whitney Water Purification Facility, New Haven, CT Measure 6: Water Cycle Steven Holl Architects
Whitney Water Purification Facility, New Haven, CT They reinvented the building type. They reinvented the programmatic understanding of a water purification facility by combining it was a park, putting something under ground, and being really inventive with form-making. --John Quale Steven Holl Architects
Whitney Water Purification Facility, New Haven, CT Steven Holl Architects
Top Ten Measure 7: Energy Flows & Energy Future • Describe how the design of building systems contributes to energy • conservation, reduces pollution, and improves performance and comfort. • Describe how your project responds to the on-going reduction and • possible loss of fossil fuels. • Does the project employ or encourage alternative energy sources? • EPA Performance Rating: ____
Hawaii Gateway Energy Center, Kailua-Kona, HI Measure 7: Energy Flows & Energy Future Ferraro Choi & Associates
Hawaii Gateway Energy Center, Kailua-Kona, HI Ferraro Choi & Associates
Hawaii Gateway Energy Center, Kailua-Kona, HI This project uses PV and calls attention to that, and uses seawater and condensation. It’s really using all of earth’s devices, then dramatizing that with this visible structure. This is a great advertisement for a new technology … calling attention to an ancient ‘technology,’ the sun. -- Susan Szenasy Ferraro Choi & Associates
Top Ten Measure 8: Materials & Construction • How does material selection conserve resources, reduce impacts of • harvesting, production, and transportation. • How do materials improve building performance, and enhance occupant • health and comfort. • Describe the most important selection criteria, considerations, and • constraints for materials or building assemblies for your project?
Z6 House, Santa Monica, CA Measure 8: Materials & Construction LivingHomes & Ray Kappe Architect
Z6 House, Santa Monica, CA Spatially it is a sophisticated project. There is a subtlety to the space making. Also, there are a lot of prefabs out there that have very little rigor to them, and this challenges that. -- John Quale LivingHomes & Ray Kappe Architect
Z6 House, Santa Monica, CA This is beautifully crafted and resolved. I hope it is also replicable. I’d like to see the transfer of this knowledge to other, smaller projects. -- Anne Schopf LivingHomes & Ray Kappe Architect
Top Ten Measure 9: Long Life, Loose Fit • Describe how the project’s design creates enduring value through • long-term flexibility and adaptability. • Describe any components designed for disassembly. • Describe design solutions developed to enhance versatility, durability, • and adaptive reuse potential. • Describe efforts to “right size” the project.
Global Ecology Research Center, Stanford, CA Measure 9: Long Life, Loose Fit LEED ratings were helpful for some of our considerations, but that played out in different ways. In this project, they intentionally opted out of the LEED process to push their own agenda. We appreciated the independent thinking and the explanation about it. -- John Quale EHDD Architects
Global Ecology Research Center, Stanford, CA EHDD Architects
Global Ecology Research Center, Stanford, CA This had good numbers; the metrics were really there. We liked that they were very honest about what had not worked … this was fantastic. -- Alisdair MacGregor EHDD Architects
Top Ten Measure 10: Collective Wisdom & Feedback • Describe how your design process enhanced the ultimate performance • and success of the building. • How did collaborative efforts between the design team, consultants, • client, and community contribute to success? • What lessons were learned during the design, construction, and • occupation of the building? • If starting over today, how would your approach or emphasis change? • Describe how commissioning and monitoring will contribute to better • building performance, occupant satisfaction, or design of future projects?
EpiCenter, Artists for Humanity, Boston, MA Measure 10: Lessons Learned Arrowstreet, Inc.
EpiCenter, Artists for Humanity, Boston, MA • This project is not just about design and environmental sustainability, but reaching cultural sustainability. They had a low budget, and there is something terrific about what they achieved.-- Traci Rose Rider Arrowstreet, Inc.
EpiCenter, Artists for Humanity, Boston, MA • This little infill project has this elegant PV roof, and it’s really producing for them. • -- Susan Szenasy Arrowstreet Inc.