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KLASIFIKASI BAHAN PAKAN TERNAK. SUCCULENT. HIJAUAN. DRY. ENERGI. KONSENTRAT. PROTEIN. BMT. VITAMIN. MINERAL. ADDITIVE. BMT SUMBER ENERGI. GRAIN / BUTIRAN JAGUNG SORGHUM WHEAT BARLEY, dll 2. AGRICULTURAL BY-PRODUCT BEKATUL RICE POLLARD WHEAT POLLARD DEDAK, dll

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klasifikasi bahan pakan ternak
KLASIFIKASI BAHAN PAKAN TERNAK

SUCCULENT

HIJAUAN

DRY

ENERGI

KONSENTRAT

PROTEIN

BMT

VITAMIN

MINERAL

ADDITIVE

bmt sumber energi
BMT SUMBER ENERGI
  • GRAIN / BUTIRAN
    • JAGUNG
    • SORGHUM
    • WHEAT
    • BARLEY, dll
  • 2. AGRICULTURAL BY-PRODUCT
    • BEKATUL
    • RICE POLLARD
    • WHEAT POLLARD
    • DEDAK, dll
  • 3. ROOT / TUBER
    • KETELA
    • TARO
    • UBI, dll
  • 4. OIL
    • MINYAK
    • LEMAK, dll
slide3

WHEAT GRAIN FRACTION

SEED COATING

GERM

ENDOSPERM

TABLE

FLOUR

FEED

FLOUR

BRAN

ALEURONE

BRAN

MILLRUN

POLLARD

slide4

WHEAT GRAIN:

  • BRAN
    • VITAMIN
    • PROTEIN
  • GERM
    • LEMAK
    • VITAMIN LARUT DLM LEMAK
    • MINERAL
  • ENDOSPERM
    • PATI
    • GLUTEN

PROTEIN ENDOSPERM:

- ALBUMEN 10% HIGH LYS, ARG, HIS

- GLOBULIN 10%

- GLIADIN 40% LOW LYS, TRYP

- GLUTELIN 40%

slide6

DIETARY CARBOHYDRATE FRACTION

SUGAR

DEXTRINS AVAILABLE CH

STARCHES

PECTINS

TOTAL CH GUMS

HEMICELLULOSES

UNAVAILABLE CH

or

CELLULOSE DIETARY FIBRE

CF

LIGNIN

slide7

BMT SUMBER ENERGI

1. JAGUNG

- 7-12% CP AS FED, 9-13% AS DM

- 3370 kcal/kg

- CRYPTOZANTHIN

- FAT: HIGHLY UNSATURATED

- INCLUSION: NO LIMITATION

2. SORGHUM

- 6-16% CP AS FED, 7 -18% AS DM

- 3300 kcal/kg

- TANNIN

- TOLERATE: BROILER 0.1%, LAYER 1%

- INCLUSION: NO LIMITATION FOR LOW TANNIN SORGHUM

slide8

BMT SUMBER ENERGI

3. ROUGH RICE

- 6.8% CP

- 2900 kcal/kg

- HULL 25%: 40% CF, 11-19% SILICA

- SUBSITUTE 50% OF THE GRAIN

- LIMITATION: VERY YOUNG STOCK

4. WHEAT

- 9.8-18.5% CP AS FED; 11-21% CP AS DM

- 2980-3180 kcal/kg

- FOR BEST RESULT SHOULD BE COARSELY GROUND

- NO LIMITATION

slide9

BMT SUMBER ENERGI

5. BROWN RICE and RICE POLISHED

- BROWN RICE 8.5% CP; 2860 kcal/kg ME

- RICE POLISHED 7.3% CP; 3100 kcal/kg ME

- NO LIMITATION TO POULTRY

- TOLERATE: BROILER 0.1%, LAYER 1%

- INCLUSION: NO LIMITATION FOR LOW TANNIN SORGHUM

6. RICE POLLARD

- HULL, GERM, BRAN, POLISHING

- 8.7%-13.1% CP; 2980 kcal/kg ME

- 14-18% FAT  LINOLEIC ACID  LAYER

- GOOD SOURCE OF VITAMIN B12

- HIGH FAT CONTENT  RANCIDITY

- INCLUSION 50%

slide10

BMT SUMBER ENERGI

7. MILLRUN

- CONTAIN: BRAN, ALEURON, FEED FLOUR, GERM

- 17.2% CP; 2050 kcal/kg ME

- LIMITATION TO VERY YOUNG STOCK

- AUTOMATIC FEEDER: BRIDGING

- NO NUTRITIONAL LIMITATION, BUT PHYSICAL

8. WHEAT BRAN

- CONTAIN: BRAN AND ALEURON

- 14.6% CP; 1860 kcal/kg ME

- AUTOMATIC FEEDER: BRIDGING, BUT 15% SAFE

- INCLUSION: SOW & FINISHER 30%, POULTRY 20%

- NOT RECOMMENDED FOR VERY YOUNG STOCK

slide11

BMT SUMBER ENERGI

9. WHEAT POLLARD

- CONTAIN: BRAN, ALEURON, FEED FLOUR

- 15% CP; 2240 kcal/kg ME

- LIMITATION TO VERY YOUNG STOCK

- AUTOMATIC FEEDER: BRIDGING

- NO NUTRITIONAL LIMITATION, BUT PHYSICAL

10. CORN GLUTEN

- BY-PRODUCT OF THE WET MILLING OF MAIZE

- 64.6% CP; 3800 kcal/kg ME

- IMBALANCE AA

- LOW PALABILITY

- INCLUSION: 5-15%

slide12

BMT SUMBER ENERGI

11. CASSAVA ROOT MEAL

- 2.5% CP

- 2930-3100 kcal/kg

- LINAMARIN AND LOTAUSTRALIN

- FAT: HIGHLY UNSATURATED

- INCLUSION: NO LIMITATION ON CORRECTLY PROCESSED

12. MOLASSES

- 21700 kcal/kg

- HIGH POTASSIUM  DIARHE

- 79.5 BRIX 1.39 kg/LITER

- INCLUSION: 5%

slide13

BMT SUMBER ENERGI

13. FAT

- TALLOW  SOLID AT 40OC

- LARD  SOLID AT 20-40OC

- OIL  LIQUID BELLOW 20OC

- 8800 kcal/kg

- POLYUNSATURATED CONTENT:

- COCONUT 1%

- TALLOW 3%

- OLIVE OIL 8%

- LARD 10%

- PEANUT OIL 30%

- SESAME SEED OIL 40%

- COTTONSEED 50%

- MAIZE GERM OIL 55%

- SOYBEAN 60%

- SUNFLOWER 65%

- RAPESEED 70%

- COD LIVER OIL 80%

- HERRING OIL 80%

slide14

JENIS ASAM LEMAK

SATURATED

BUTYRIC ACID C4 : 0

CAPROIC ACID C6 : 0

CAPRYLIC ACID C8 : 0

CAPRIC ACID C10 : 0

LAURIC ACID C12 : 0

MYRISTIC ACID C14 : 0

PALMITIC ACID C16 : 0

STEARIC ACID C18 : 0

ARACHIDIC ACID C20 : 0

MONOSATURATED

PALMITOLEIC ACID C16 : 1

OLEIC ACID C18 : 1

ERUCIC ACID C22 : 1

PUFA

LINOLEIC ACID C18 : 2

LINOLENIC ACID C18 : 3

ARACHIDONIC ACID C20 : 4

slide15

Efek asam lemak pada plasma

JENIS PLASMA

ASAM LEMAK KOLESTEROL TRIGLISERIDA

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

C8:0-C10:0N I

C12:0 I N

C14:0 II N

C16:0 II N

C18:0II I

C18:1N N

C18:2D D

OTHER PUFA D D