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TBI. (Chapter 13 to you bums). By The Amazing Jennifer Maki and the Outstanding Samantha Loeks !!!. What is TBI?!. TBI stands for traumatic brain injury Specifically… Injury to brain by External force Not caused by degenerative or congenital condition

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Tbi chapter 13 to you bums

TBI. (Chapter 13 to you bums)

By The Amazing Jennifer Maki and the Outstanding Samantha Loeks!!!

What is tbi
What is TBI?!

  • TBI stands for traumatic brain injury

  • Specifically…

  • Injury to brain by External force

  • Not caused by degenerative or congenital condition

  • Diminished or altered state of consciousness

  • Neurological or neurobehavioral dysfunction result from injury

    (followed by impairments in school learning and everyday functioning)

More stuff
More stuff…

  • Occurs after a period of normal neurological development

  • One of the most common injuries in soldiers of the Iraq/Afghanistan wars 

  • Typically influences several academic areas simultaneously

If you want to get technical
If you want to get technical…

  • IDEA says…

    “ an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or brain injuries induced by birth trauma.”

Tbi student schedule
TBI Student Schedule

Date: 3/27/01 Morning Schedule

  • Time: Event: To do:

  • 7:30-8:00: Prepare for school (shower,

  • get dressed, eat breakfast)

  • 8:15: Catch bus to school Don’t forget to take lunch

  • and backpack!

  • 8:45: First period: English class— Need to turn in homework

  • Room 201 Mrs. Wilson assignment. Exercises on

  • pages 317-320.

  • 10:00: Second period: Phys Ed.— Need to bring tennis shoes

  • gymnasium Mr. Hall and extra socks

  • 11:15: Third period: Math—Room 315 Need to turn in homework

  • Mrs. Taylor assignment on page 150.

  • Ask for help with problem 21.

  • 12:30 Lunch

What causes tbi
What causes TBI?!

  • 2 types of head injury

  • Open- penetrating head wounds from something like a gunshot or car accident

  • Closed- internal compression, etc.

What is tbi not
What is TBI not?

  • Degenerative or congenital conditions

    • Degenerative: long term, slow deterioration of cells, organs, muscles, etc…

    • Congenital: condition occurring before birth

  • Injuries induced during birth

What does this look like
What does this look like?!

  • Diminished or altered state of consciousness

  • Neurological or Neurobehavioral problems

    • Can be total or partial disability or psychosocial impairment

More specifically tbi effects areas of
More specifically, TBI effects areas of…

  • Cognition, language, memory, attention, reasoning

  • Abstract thinking, judgment, problem solving

  • Sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities

  • Information processing, speech, and physical functions


  • Problems with:

    • Remembering things

    • Learning new information

    • Sequencing and processing information

    • Manners and social behaviors (humor)

    • Mood swings

    • Depression

    • Progressing at a consistent rate

How often do we see tbi
How often do we see TBI?!

  • Well… we aren’t so sure

  • “Hidden disability” or “Silent epidemic”

  • Every year about .5% school age children acquire a TBI, by graduation 4% of students may have one.

  • 15,000-20,000 of those who receive these injuries will have lasting effects

  • Males more prone than females.. Stop showing off!

  • Frequently preventable

What can we do to help these people
What can we do to help these people?!

  • Family, peers, and educators need to be prepared to deal with the sometimes dramatic behavioral changes. Kids sometimes don’t realize their behavior has changed.

  • Team approach between parents, special educators, guidance counselor, regular teacher, etc.

  • Help students solve problems in focusing and sustaining attention, remembering previous info, dealing with fatigue, engaging in appropriate social behavior.

Tbi chapter 13 to you bums

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O2wlcVm5mZM

Tbi chapter 13 to you bums

  • To decide whether a student needs Special Education, the school talks to the parents, examines medical records, conducts a psychological assessment, and much more

  • It is important that records be kept both pre- and post injury performance

  • Changes must last more than 60 days

More iep things
More IEP things

  • An IEP for a student with TBI usually needs to involve cognitive, social/behavior, and sensorimotor domains.

  • Example…


  • Students with TBI on IEP need to be continually reassessed

  • If they do not qualify for an IEP, a 504 plan may be instituted

Learning strategies
Learning Strategies……

  • Collaboration key!

    • Work with teachers, aides, parents, student, doctors

    • Diverse challenges and ranges of disabilities

    • More people, more problem solving ideas

    • Pinpoint problems before they appear for the student

Questions continued
Questions continued

Did the plan work?

Learning strategies again
Learning Strategies again!

  • Tape recorder, planner, organization devices, memory aids

  • Longer response time

  • Distractions to a minimum

  • Instruction focusing on social aspects of language

  • Praise and encouragement

  • Consistency and predictability

Get on your teacher caps
Get on your Teacher Caps!

  • Scenario: Julia in your class just got back after a month long absence. While skiing with her family, she careened off a slope hitting her head causing severe brain damage. She is experience severe short term memory loss because of the accident. What can you do to help Julia?

Remember the q s
Remember the Q’s

  • Is there a problem?

  • *What is the problem?

  • *How can the problem be solved?

  • Which solution sounds best

  • *Which solution should be selected?

  • *How to implement the solution?

  • *Did it work?

How do we assess the kiddies
How do we assess the kiddies?!

  • Keep in mind individual students

  • Hard to separate physiological causes for difficulty with task and from another cause

  • Pinpoint student’s academic and social levels

    • Team approach vital

In the classroom
In the Classroom

  • Break down large assignments into manageable, specific parts

  • Repetition key, especially key points

  • Open ended, multiple choice questions good- independent thinking

  • Use of illustrations and diagrams for harder material

  • Begin class with review, end with class with overview

What you can do
What you can do!

  • Strap the kiddies into the car seats

  • Use common sense


  • Daniel P.Hallahan - James M.Kauffman - Paige C.Pullen - Pearson - Boston – 2009

  • "Guide to Special Education Services." TBI Educator - Brain Injury Education Resources. Teaching Research Institute, 2008. Web. 08 Apr. 2010. <http://www.tbied.org/>.\

  • Marcus-Keyser, Lori; Briel, Lori; Targett-Sharon,Pam. Enhancing the Schooling of Students with Traumatic Brain Injury. Teaching Exceptional Children. March/April 2002. 4 April 2010. http://www.sbac.edu/~werned/DATA/RESEARCH/journals/Teaching%20Exceptional%20Children%20JOURNAL/TBI.pdf

  • The Patient Education Institutes. Causes and Effects of TBI. Medline Plus. 5 May 2006. 4 April 2010.

    • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/traumaticbraininjury/htm/_yes_50_no_0.htm