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Weapons & Battles. Vietnam War. ARVN and NVA. Army of the Republic of Vietnam South Vietnam They are the ally of the US. North Vietnam Army Enemy for US & ARVN. Vietcong. Also known as Charlie, Chuck, VC, Victor Charlie, or Black Pajamas due to what they wore

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arvn and nva
ARVN and NVA
  • Army of the Republic of Vietnam
  • South Vietnam
  • They are the ally of the US
  • North Vietnam Army
  • Enemy for US & ARVN
vietcong
Vietcong
  • Also known as Charlie, Chuck, VC, Victor Charlie, or Black Pajamas due to what they wore
  • Rebels in the South who help the North
  • Enemy to US and ARVN
weapons of the vietcong
Weapons of the Vietcong

Spiked Mud Ball/

Bamboo Whip

  • Punji Pits

Side Closing Trap

Bear Trap

Crossbows

weapons of the vietcong1
Weapons of the Vietcong

Explosives

  • Daisy Chains
  • Trip Wire Trap
  • Bouncing Betty

Anti-Aircraft

  • Claymore Mine on its back
us tactics
US Tactics
  • Herbicides: Agent Orange, Blue, Purple

-Kill Vegetation

  • Helicopters
danang ia drang valley
DaNang & Ia Drang Valley
  • Major air strip for US and ARVN
  • Where we landed Marines during the 1965 escalation of the war
  • IaDrang Valley-1st battle “search & destroy”

-US air strikes “Operation Rolling Thunder”

-VC uses close battle

-Sets stage strategy of war

ho chi minh trail
Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • Supply trail that ran through neighboring Laos & Cambodia to get supplies from North to Vietcong in South
  • Complicated trails, foot &truck paths, river transport and mazes
  • Ex: October 1967 480 trucks by Dec. 6315-They are preparing for Tet
tet offensive
Tet Offensive
  • Lunar New Year
  • Suppose to be a truce for 2 days so ARVN go home to celebrate
  • Westmoreland knows it is not a good idea since there is build up on Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • Jan 31, 1968-Sept. 1968
  • Surprise attack by NVA & Vietcong to invade over 100 key cities including Saigon

-wanted to take the countryside of the south

-have South start uprising against Am./ARVN

  • At 1st Americans winning
  • *Turning point-60% Americans see Tet as the American defeat
khe sanh
Khe Sanh
  • Marine base
  • Part of Tet
  • 77 day standoff
  • Had an airstrip built 1962
  • Left the base on 7/5/68
  • ~274 killed
  • Will eventually reopen in 1971 to invade Laos & abandoned again 1972
a tough question
A Tough Question
  • You are a 21 yr old Officer with 4 wounded men. The medivac reports they can only take 2 now. Which do you send?
  • 19 yr old bad head wound
  • Married 25 year old bad stomach wound
  • Leg wound
  • Shoulder wound
my lai massacre
My Lai Massacre
  • Hamlet
  • March 16, 1968
  • 350-500 killed (unsure)
  • Charlie Company given orders to search for VC who may have retreated during Tet
  • Unclear if there were orders given to kill anyone
  • Thompson flies over in helicopter and tells them to stop
my lai massacre1
My Lai Massacre
  • Lt Calley convicted March 1970 and serves 3 ½ months until released by Nixon
  • The Captain Medina & 26 platoon members never convicted
  • Changed American opinion of the war
vietnamization 1969 1973
Vietnamization 1969-1973
  • After Tet in 1968 under President Nixon
  • Policy of training and increases supplies to South Vietnam Army while reducing the number of American troops in Vietnam
  • We begin withdrawing
  • 1969-480,000
  • 1970-280,000
  • 1971-140,000
  • End 1972-30,000
  • January 1973 we sign agreement to fully withdraw

Without telling the public, Nixon ordered the invasion of Laos & Cambodia in 1970…

fall of saigon
Fall of Saigon
  • NVA captured capital Saigon April 30, 1975
  • Renamed Ho Chi Minh City
  • “Frequent Winds” begin to evacuate tens of thousands of Americans & South Vietnamese
  • Largest helicopter evacuation in history
  • Vietnam unites under communism
question
Question:
  • Should women fight in combat?
  • Should women be drafted?
  • Should they serve in the Special Forces?
women debate
Women Debate:
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HALZowDySaI
where
Where?
  • Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, Germany, Norway, Israel, Serbia, Sweden and Switzerland, Russia
  • Limited: Pakistan, Greece, India, UK, Turkey, U.S. (mainly pilots)
women
Women
  • Approx. 7500 women served in the military primarily as nurses
  • Over 30,000 women would be in Vietnam, through Red Cross, Salvation Army and entertainment through USO
casualties
Casualties
  • 58,193/ 8 women
  • 1,484 NJ
  • Average age of deaths 23
  • 25% draftees-2/3 were Volunteer
  • 86% White/Hispanic (88% those served)
  • 12.5% Black (11% those served)
  • 1.2% Other (1% those served)
casualties1
Casualties
  • 76% lower/middle class
  • 75% Income above Poverty
  • 23% Fathers had professional jobs
  • 79% had high school diplomas or higher