Raw Material Security for Indian Steel Industry. By : Mr.P.C.Gupta Ex-CMD,NMDC Ltd and Advisor for Mining and Steel Sector. Table:1 Raw material requirement for projected Crude Steel production during 12 th Five Year Plan (Base Case) . (Million Tonnes ) .
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By : Mr.P.C.Gupta
Ex-CMD,NMDC Ltd and Advisor for Mining and Steel Sector
Raw material requirement for projected Crude Steel production during 12th Five Year Plan (Base Case). (Million Tonnes)
Cumulative raw material requirement for projected Iron and Steel production
With GDP elasticity of steel demand assumed as 1.14 from the Year 2016-17 to 2040-41. (million Tonnes)
Note: While calculating requirement of Ferro-manganese, Silico manganese and Manganese ore, crude steel production has been considered only. Ferro and silico manganese towards exports, other uses of manganese in other industries and requirement of ferro-manganese in stainless steel industry has not been considered.
Because of vastness of the subject, this paper deals with only iron ore & coal, the two most important raw materials..
Resources of iron ore in India as on 1.4.2010
(Source: Indian Bureau of Mines, Ministry of Mines)
Production / Consumption / Export of Iron Ore
For import: http://www.commerce.nic.in; DGCI&S, Kolkata
Projections for the domestic demand of iron ore during 2019-20 to 2040-41
*Including requirement for merchant pig iron units
Cumulative Iron Ore demand during 2010-11 to 2040-41
Note:* Total Iron ore demand includes actual production of 2010-11 and thereafter projected demand of iron ore as discussed above and also includes demand of iron ore by merchant pig iron units
TRENDS OF PRODUCTION OF WASHED COKING COAL
Source: Provisional Coal Statistics: 2010-11, Ministry of coal
Supply of non coking coal to sponge iron units
(in million tonnes)
Source: Provisional Coal Statistics: 2010-11, Ministry of Coal
Demand for Coking and Non Coking Coal for 12th Five Year Plan
Note: * Total coking coal demand includes those for merchant pig iron units as well.
Estimation of demand for Coal during 2016-17 to 2040-41
Note:* Total Coking Coal demand includes those for merchant pig iron units as well
Cumulative Coking & Non-Coking Coal demand for iron and steel industry during 2010-11 to 2040-41
In Billion Tonnes
Note:* Total Coking & Non Coking Coal demand includes actual supply of 2010-11 and projected demand of coal from 2011-12 to 2040-41 and also includes demand of merchant pig iron units as well.
Reserves/Resources of Iron ore (Haematite) As on 1.4.2010 (P) (By State)
Type wise Coal Resources as on 1.4.2011
Coal Production Trend in India