Unidad 1Leccion 2 Definite vs. Indefinite Articles
Los Objetivos • What are articles and how do we use them? • What does gender and number mean? • What are the differences between definite and indefinite articles? • What are adjectives and how do we use them? • How are they different in Spanish?
Leccion 1: Definite vs. Indefinite Articles • Before we can talk about articles, we must learn about nouns in Spanish. • What is a noun?
Nouns (cont.) • All nouns in Spanish have both and gender number
Gender • Masculine vs. feminine • Sometimes, nouns in Spanish show their gender by ending in ______ for masculine and ______ for feminine. o a
Gender (cont.) • If you change the gender of a nounthen you change the meaning of the word. Ejemplo: Chico = ropa = Chica = ropo = boy clothes girl
Number • Singular vs. plural • Nouns show their number by ending in or *note: if a noun ends in –s or –es it is plural. -s -es
Blusa Sombreros Chico Chaquetas Fem./Sing. Masc./Plural Masc./Singular Fem./Plural Ejemplos:What is the gender and number of the following 4 nouns?
Articles • What are articles? • Articles in Spanish help to identify the gender and number of nouns. • They do not serve this purpose in English
La blusa Los calcetines El policía La policía Fem./Sing Masc./Plural Masc./Singular Fem./Singular Ejemplos: Can you identify the gender and number of the nouns based on the article?
Articles (cont.) • There are two types of articles. • Definite • Indefinite
Definite Articles • Shows something specific • What do they mean? the
Definite Articles (cont.) el la los las
Cont. El = masc./sing. La = fem./sing. Los = masc./plural Las = fem./ plural
Ejemplos • La blusa • El calcetín • Las blusas • Los calcetines • El sombrero • Las faldas
Indefinite Articles • Shows something non-specific • What do they mean? • This depends on the noun some a an
Indefinite Articles (cont.) un una unos unas
Cont. un = masc./sing. una = fem./sing. unos = masc./plural unas = fem./ plural
una blusa un calcetín unas blusas unos calcetines un sombrero unas faldas A blouse A sock Some blouses Some socks A hat Some skirts Ejemplos
Definite _____ paginas _____ maestra _____ perros _____ vestido _____ amiga Indefinite _____ sombrero _____ doctora _____ zapatos _____ libro _____ cuadernos Practica(Fill in the blank with your articles)
Practica (translate) • A boy • The friends • A teacher (male) • Some books • The page 1.The boys are funny. 2. Maria is lazy. 3. Susana and Juana are serious.
Self Check • What are articles and what do they do? • What are your definite articles and what do they mean? • What are your indefinite articles and what do they mean?