English Level Two Unit Standard 12424. Reading Moving Images Closely. Elements and Performance Criteria element 1. Read moving images closely. Range: at least two texts chosen from categories such as - film, live drama, television, website, CD ROM. performance criteria.
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Reading Moving Images Closely
Composition is also affected by the lens and focus used. A wide-angle lens provides great depth of field and can capture wider spaces than a normal lens from the same distance. Foreground and background details may be separated by considerable distances, yet all the objects within the frame appear in sharp focus, although a wide-angle lens can distort the image of subjects very close to the camera. The wide-angle lens can capture action in the foreground and related or unrelated action in the background, both of which might be important.
Generally, though, the closer the subject is to the camera, the shallower the depth of field is. The long lens usually shows objects in the foreground clearly, but objects in the background are less sharply defined and may be blurred. Within a shot, the focus may be altered to reconcentrate the viewer's eyes on what is in focus by pulling or racking focus.
A telephoto lens shot has little depth, but the use of a such a long lens can bring the subject very close. This lens enables a photographer to capture easily frightened or dangerous wildlife in its natural habitat or the detail of sporting action in a way otherwise impossible.
A zoom lens or zoom combines the optical properties of normal lenses with those of wide-angle and long lenses, enabling movement from wide-angle to telephoto, or the opposite, within the same shot. The zoom can easily be overused and often is by amateur, student, or inexperienced film or video camera operators.
Martial arts/Asian action
A Close Up shows a person's head and shoulders.
You can now see the expression on the face, which helps you to know what they are thinking and feeling.
Big Close Up. head.
This shows just the face. You use this when expressions and emotions are important.
Extreme Close Up. head.
This shows a person from just above their eyebrows to just below the mouth, or even closer. You can use it to show strong emotion, or to make a person look powerful or threatening.
A Wide Shot. head.
In this sort of shot any people are very small. It's often used as an 'establishing shot' at the beginning of a film to show us the setting.
It can also make a person look lonely or vulnerable.
(Also known as a 'Very long shot').
A Long Shot. head.
A person can be seen from head to foot. You can usually see what they're wearing and get an idea of the sort of person they are, but you can also see what's going on around them and what they are doing.
A Mid Shot. head.
This shows a person from roughly their waist to their head. Now you can recognise them, but you may also be able to see what they are doing with their hands.
(Also known as a 'Medium shot')
Mid shot and a long shot head.