sexual minorities
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Sexual Minorities

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Sexual Minorities - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 108 Views
  • Uploaded on

The concept of homosexuality during the 19th century - Group 1. Sexual Minorities. 1. The Development in Europe. Karl Heinrich Ulrichs 1825-1895 Kraft-Ebbing’s Psychopathia Sexualis 1892 Magnus Hirschfeld’s Scientific Humanitarian Committe 1897-1933

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Sexual Minorities' - ila-love


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
sexual minorities
The concept of homosexuality

during the 19th century

- Group 1

Sexual Minorities

1

the development in europe
The Development in Europe
  • Karl Heinrich Ulrichs 1825-1895
  • Kraft-Ebbing’s Psychopathia Sexualis 1892
  • Magnus Hirschfeld’s Scientific Humanitarian Committe

1897-1933

  • Elisar von Kupffer wanted to broaden the public perspective of homosexuality

2

psychology and criminology
Psychology and Criminology
  • Congenital
  • A symptom of ”other” psychopathic behavior
  • Degeneracy theory 1870s and 1980s
  • “The sodomite had been a temporary aberration; the homosexual was now a species” - Foucault
  • 1973 DSM-II no longer a diagnosis

3

germany
Germany
  • The emancipation movement 1890-1934
  • Paragraph 175
  • Nazi Germany 1929-1945

4

great britain
Great Britain
  • 1836 The last execution
  • 1921 Attempt to criminalize

lesbianism

  • 1895 Oscar Wilde
  • “The Well of loneliness”

by Radclyffe-Hall

5

decriminalization
Decriminalization
  • 1791 France (first West European country)
  • 1811 Netherlands
  • 1944 Sweden
  • 1967 England and Wales
  • 1968 East Germany
  • 1969 West Germany

6

pre civil war
Pre-Civil War
  • Rural towns
  • Small population
  • Importance of the Church
  • Homosexuality = sin

8

criminalization
Criminalization
  • Punishable by death
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Repeal

9

decriminalization1
Decriminalization
  • Illinois 1961
  • […]
  • Alabama, Kansas, the south… 2003
  • Don’t ask, don’t tell

11

rictor norton
Rictor Norton
  • Rictor Norton was born in 1945 in New York
  • He wrote his thesis on homosexual themes in English renaissance literature and several books focusing on the LGBT issues
  • He is a supporter of the essentalism theory

12

the essentialism homosexual theory
The essentialism homosexual theory
  • This theory supports that sexual orientation reflects a reality that can’t be changed
  • This theory goes against the social construction of sexual orientation
  • The sexual orientation of a person is the essence of who the person really is
  • To summarize, the sexual orientation is pre-determined and can’t be a choice

13

the myth of the modern homosexual queer history and the search for cultural unity
The Myth of the modern homosexual: queer history and the search for cultural unity
  • Norton tries to prove that homosexuality was not invented in the modern West time
  • Norton supports the autonomy of homosexual culture and identities
  • Norton wants to show that homosexuals played a part in history and that it was revised to be more conform with a heterosexual vision

14

jonathan ned katz
Jonathan Ned Katz
  • Born in 1938
  • American historian specialized on human sexuality
  • Same-sex attractions and changes in the social organisation of sexuality over time.
  • Constructivism theory: the categories with which we describe and define human sexuality are historically and culturally specific = “constructions”
the invention of heterosexuality 1995
« The Invention of Heterosexuality  » (1995)
  • Translated and published in Brazil, Italy, France, Spain.
  • Cited by U.S. Supreme Court in majority opinion in Lawrence v. Texas, June 2003.
  • JNK seeks to prove «  that “heterosexuality” as we conceive of it today is not a fixed, absolute state, and that the fundamental binary of homo vs. hetero, upon which our current culture so heavily relies, is similarly arbitrary.  »
slide17
Demonstrates that sexuality is constructed throughout history.
  • Critic of scholars and activists, working on the history of the homosexuality => marginalization of gay people
  • « We also need works that question the idea of a sex margin and sex center » (JNK)
ad