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South East Asia. Southeast Asia. CULTURE: Diverse hundreds of cultures, numerous languages and dialects, and several major religions Malaysia Chinese are Buddhist Malays are Muslim Indians are Hindu Scattered Christians. Shatterbox.

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southeast asia
Southeast Asia

CULTURE:

  • Diverse
    • hundreds of cultures, numerous languages and dialects, and several major religions
    • Malaysia
      • Chinese are Buddhist
      • Malays are Muslim
      • Indians are Hindu
      • Scattered Christians
shatterbox
Shatterbox
    • a region caught between stronger, colliding external cultural-political forces
  • Chinese, Indians, Arabs, and Europeans all contributed to the intense cultural fragmentation
  • Area lacks a powerful, dominant state
    • Mainland Asia
      • China
    • North America
      • U.S.
    • South America
      • Brazil
emerging industries
Emerging Industries
  • location, cheap labor, and international investing
  • Pacific Rim –Singapore ranks at the top in annual tonnage shipped from its ports
  • Kuala Lumpur, Ho Chi Minh City, and Manila could become major industrial centers

Singapore

geography of s e asia
Geography of S.E. Asia
  • Islands
    • 2nd largest in world
      • New Guinea (Indonesia)
    • 3rd largest in world
      • Borneo (*I, B, M)
    • 6th largest
      • Sumatra (Indonesia)
    • 13th largest
      • Java (Indonesia)

*Indonesia, Brunei and Malaysia

  • 1. Greenland - North America - 840,0042. New Guinea - Oceania - 312,167 3. Borneo - Asia - 287,863 4. Madagascar - Africa - 226,657

5. Baffin Island - North America - 195,9986. Sumatera (Sumatra) - Asia 7. Honshu - Asia - 87,8058. Great Britain - Europe - 84,354

9. Victoria Island - North America 10. Ellesmere Island - North America –

Source: Times Atlas of the World

geography of s e asia1
Geography of S.E. Asia
  • Mountainous
    • Ring of Fire
      • Borneo's Mount Kinabalu is the tallest
geography of s e asia2
Geography of S.E. Asia
  • Mountainous
    • Ring of Fire
      • Mt. Pinatubointhe Philippines.
        • Only 4,874 feet tall
          • Live volcano
          • An eruption in 1991 forced evacuations from the nearby city of Manila
geography of s e asia3
Geography of S.E. Asia
  • Mekong River courses through China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and southern Vietnam.
    • Dominant river
      • transportation and connectivity between the mainland countries
climate and vegetation of s e asia
Climate and vegetation of S.E. Asia
  • Tropical Rainforest
    • 79 inches of rain each year, 80 degrees
    • Fastest disappearing equatorial rainforests as of 2010
      • Logging, dams, mining, industry main causes of disappearance

Borneo deforestation maps

slide10

Interesting Facts:

In French:

Cambodia – Le Cambodge

Vietman - Le Viêt Nam

overseas chinese
Overseas Chinese
  • 30 million
  • Dominate retail (selling at stores)
  • Taken leadership roles in banking, industry, shipping
  • Malaysian Chinese
    • 29% of population
    • 69% of capital (Cash or goods used to generate income)
  • Thai Chinese
    • 10% of population
    • 81% of capital
  • Has led to animosity (anger)
european influence
European Influence
  • France
    • Colonized Indochina beginning in 19th Century
    • Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Ming defeated France after W.W. II at Dien Bien Phu
    • Fear of communism led to U.S. involvement and Vietnam War (1965-1973)
slide13

Netherlands

    • Island region (Malaysia and Indonesia)
    • Dutch East Indies Company
      • Forced farms to grow coffee, pepper, cinnamon, sugar, indigo, nutmeg
slide14

Britain

    • Myanmar, Malay Peninsula, northern Borneo
    • Mined coal, cut teak trees, grew cash crops
    • Disrupted traditional ways of life
slide15

Spain

    • Philippines
      • Forced farmers to grow tobacco and sugar plantations
      • Port of Manila became way-station for ships crossing Pacific to Spanish Mexico
      • Forced to join Roman Catholic Church
      • Filipinos revolted against Spain in 1896 and received help from the U.S. in 1898
      • Filipino’s fought against U.S. in 1899
cambodia
Cambodia
  • Vietnam War spilled into Cambodia creating instability
  • Led to takeover of Communist regime known as Khmer Rouge
  • Pol Pot was leader
cambodia1
Cambodia
  • S -21
    • Prison of Khmer Rouge
      • Called themselves Angkar
        • Who did Pol Pot classify as enemies?
        • What tactics did Pol Pot implement when he took over Cambodia as leader?
cambodia2
Cambodia
  • Many forced to work on farms
  • Led to almost 2 million deaths (1/3 of population) from 1975-1979
myanmar
Myanmar
  • Currently, dominated by junta since 1988
    • Group of military leaders who rule like dictators
  • Invalidated elections in 1990
    • Aung San SuuKyi won election
    • Junta placed her under house arrest
  • Strong military with 500,000 soldiers
    • Military is only job for many
  • Significant inflation on food prices 400%
  • Gem-rich country
golden triangle
Golden Triangle
  • Remote region
  • Little government control
  • Opium-poppy
    • ½ reaches the Americas
thailand and malaysia
Thailand and Malaysia
  • Europeans smuggled rubber tree seeds from Brazil to SE Asia
  • 1940
    • 90% of world’s natural rubber came from Asia
    • Still, very important to SE Asia despite high % of rubber is synthetically made
singapore
Singapore
  • Trading post founded in 1819 by British
    • Known as an entrepot
      • Place where goods are stored, deposited, and distributed without any taxes
  • Gained independence in 1959
    • City-state—city that rules itself
  • Known as Asian Tiger
    • High Tech industries—computers, etc.
indonesia
Indonesia
  • Largest Muslim population in world
  • “Unity in Diversity”
    • 250 languages
  • Ethnic fighting
  • East Timor gained independence in 2002
philippines
Philippines
  • Corruption in government has led to instability
  • Most Christian country in SE Asia
    • Muslim rebels
      • Abu Sayyaf
        • Abducted many tourists