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South East Asia

South East Asia

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South East Asia

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  1. South East Asia

  2. Southeast Asia CULTURE: • Diverse • hundreds of cultures, numerous languages and dialects, and several major religions • Malaysia • Chinese are Buddhist • Malays are Muslim • Indians are Hindu • Scattered Christians

  3. Shatterbox • a region caught between stronger, colliding external cultural-political forces • Chinese, Indians, Arabs, and Europeans all contributed to the intense cultural fragmentation • Area lacks a powerful, dominant state • Mainland Asia • China • North America • U.S. • South America • Brazil

  4. Emerging Industries • location, cheap labor, and international investing • Pacific Rim –Singapore ranks at the top in annual tonnage shipped from its ports • Kuala Lumpur, Ho Chi Minh City, and Manila could become major industrial centers Singapore

  5. Geography of S.E. Asia • Islands • 2nd largest in world • New Guinea (Indonesia) • 3rd largest in world • Borneo (*I, B, M) • 6th largest • Sumatra (Indonesia) • 13th largest • Java (Indonesia) *Indonesia, Brunei and Malaysia • 1. Greenland - North America - 840,0042. New Guinea - Oceania - 312,167 3. Borneo - Asia - 287,863 4. Madagascar - Africa - 226,657 5. Baffin Island - North America - 195,9986. Sumatera (Sumatra) - Asia 7. Honshu - Asia - 87,8058. Great Britain - Europe - 84,354 9. Victoria Island - North America 10. Ellesmere Island - North America – Source: Times Atlas of the World

  6. Geography of S.E. Asia • Mountainous • Ring of Fire • Borneo's Mount Kinabalu is the tallest

  7. Geography of S.E. Asia • Mountainous • Ring of Fire • Mt. Pinatubointhe Philippines. • Only 4,874 feet tall • Live volcano • An eruption in 1991 forced evacuations from the nearby city of Manila

  8. Geography of S.E. Asia • Mekong River courses through China, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and southern Vietnam. • Dominant river • transportation and connectivity between the mainland countries

  9. Climate and vegetation of S.E. Asia • Tropical Rainforest • 79 inches of rain each year, 80 degrees • Fastest disappearing equatorial rainforests as of 2010 • Logging, dams, mining, industry main causes of disappearance Borneo deforestation maps

  10. Interesting Facts: In French: Cambodia – Le Cambodge Vietman - Le Viêt Nam

  11. Overseas Chinese • 30 million • Dominate retail (selling at stores) • Taken leadership roles in banking, industry, shipping • Malaysian Chinese • 29% of population • 69% of capital (Cash or goods used to generate income) • Thai Chinese • 10% of population • 81% of capital • Has led to animosity (anger)

  12. European Influence • France • Colonized Indochina beginning in 19th Century • Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Ming defeated France after W.W. II at Dien Bien Phu • Fear of communism led to U.S. involvement and Vietnam War (1965-1973)

  13. Netherlands • Island region (Malaysia and Indonesia) • Dutch East Indies Company • Forced farms to grow coffee, pepper, cinnamon, sugar, indigo, nutmeg

  14. Britain • Myanmar, Malay Peninsula, northern Borneo • Mined coal, cut teak trees, grew cash crops • Disrupted traditional ways of life

  15. Spain • Philippines • Forced farmers to grow tobacco and sugar plantations • Port of Manila became way-station for ships crossing Pacific to Spanish Mexico • Forced to join Roman Catholic Church • Filipinos revolted against Spain in 1896 and received help from the U.S. in 1898 • Filipino’s fought against U.S. in 1899

  16. Cambodia • Vietnam War spilled into Cambodia creating instability • Led to takeover of Communist regime known as Khmer Rouge • Pol Pot was leader

  17. Cambodia • S -21 • Prison of Khmer Rouge • Called themselves Angkar • Who did Pol Pot classify as enemies? • What tactics did Pol Pot implement when he took over Cambodia as leader?

  18. Cambodia • Many forced to work on farms • Led to almost 2 million deaths (1/3 of population) from 1975-1979

  19. Myanmar • Currently, dominated by junta since 1988 • Group of military leaders who rule like dictators • Invalidated elections in 1990 • Aung San SuuKyi won election • Junta placed her under house arrest • Strong military with 500,000 soldiers • Military is only job for many • Significant inflation on food prices 400% • Gem-rich country

  20. Golden Triangle • Remote region • Little government control • Opium-poppy • ½ reaches the Americas

  21. Thailand and Malaysia • Europeans smuggled rubber tree seeds from Brazil to SE Asia • 1940 • 90% of world’s natural rubber came from Asia • Still, very important to SE Asia despite high % of rubber is synthetically made

  22. Singapore • Trading post founded in 1819 by British • Known as an entrepot • Place where goods are stored, deposited, and distributed without any taxes • Gained independence in 1959 • City-state—city that rules itself • Known as Asian Tiger • High Tech industries—computers, etc.

  23. Indonesia • Largest Muslim population in world • “Unity in Diversity” • 250 languages • Ethnic fighting • East Timor gained independence in 2002

  24. Philippines • Corruption in government has led to instability • Most Christian country in SE Asia • Muslim rebels • Abu Sayyaf • Abducted many tourists