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Long and Short term effects of exercise. Short term effects. List as many short term effects of exercise/training on the body you can think of. Can they be grouped? (respiratory,circulatory). Short term effects. Circulatory Skin colour changes

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short term effects
Short term effects
  • List as many short term effects of exercise/training on the body you can think of. Can they be grouped? (respiratory,circulatory)
short term effects1
Short term effects

Circulatory

  • Skin colour changes
  • Blood moved to surface for heat reduction- Vasodilatation
  • Blood moved to working muscles
  • Heart rate increases
  • Stroke volume increases
  • Cardiac output increases
  • Water lost through sweat
  • Arteries widen to allow more blood through

Respiratory

  • Tidal volume increases
  • Breathing rate increases and becomes deeper- aerobic respiration
  • Stroke volume increases
  • Blood flow to areas not in use is reduced
  • Muscles begin to fatigue
  • Gaseous exchange becomes more efficient as more alveoli are used.
  • Energy released- Glycogen in liver and muscles is released
long term effects of exercise training
Long term effects of Exercise/Training
  • List as many long term effects of exercise/training on the body you can think of. Can they be grouped? (respiratory, circulatory, muscular)
  • Can you also write down which method

of training might be best at bringing about this change?

long term effects
Long term effects

Circulatory

  • Heart strengthen
  • Increase in heart wall size
  • Resting stroke volume increases
  • Resting Cardiac output increases
  • Resting heart rate decreases
  • Recovery rate is reduced
  • Decrease in blood pressure
  • Respiratory
  • Gaseous exchange becomes more efficient- increased ability to carry O2
  • Muscle fatigue happens later
  • Vital capacity is increased
  • Capillarisation of alveoli
long term effects1
Long term effects
  • Muscles strength is increased –
          • Hypertrophy= Increase in muscle size because of exercise
          • Atrophy= Reduction in muscle size because of lack of exercise
  • Muscular endurance is increased
  • Increased tolerance of lactic acid
  • Body fat % is reduced
  • Reduced likelihood of respiratory problems
  • Reduced likelihood of heart disease
  • Increase in tendon ligament and bone strength.