Cosmic ray acceleration in the MSH 14-6 3 supernova remnant (RCW 86) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cosmic ray acceleration in the MSH 14-6 3 supernova remnant (RCW 86)
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Cosmic ray acceleration in the MSH 14-6 3 supernova remnant (RCW 86)

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  1. Cosmic ray acceleration in the MSH 14-63 supernova remnant (RCW 86) Eveline Helder (e.a.helder@uu.nl) together with: Jacco Vink, Cees Bassa, Aya Bamba, Johan Bleeker, Stefan Funk, Parviz Ghavamian, Kurt van der Heyden, Frank Verbunt, Ryo Yamazaki

  2. Supernova remnants as CR accelerators • To maintain energy budget, ~10% of the energy of a SNR needs to go into cosmic rays • X-ray synchrotron emission has been detected at shock fronts of several supernova remnants • Several remnants have been observed in gamma-rays Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  3. Imprints of CR acceleration • Post-shock compression ratio > 4 (Warren+ 2005, Cassam-Chenaï+ 2008, Miceli+ 2009) • Lower post-shock temperature (Hughes+ 2000) from conservation of • mass • momentum • and energy kT = (3/16) mV2 Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  4. Method • Measure velocity and temperature • V: compare 2 images • T: • electron temperature contributes only minor part to post-shock pressure, and hard to obtain in spectra dominated by synchrotron emission • Ion temperatures hard to measure • done in UV (Raymond+ 1995, Ghavamian+ 2007) • done in X-ray (Vink+ 2003) Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  5. Use optical spectrum to determine proton temperature: H-lines consist of 2 superimposed peaks: • narrow reflects TISM • broad reflects Tp(Chevalier+ 1980) Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  6. RCW 86 • Observed in TeV gamma-rays (Aharonian+ 2009) • Parts of the rim show X-ray synchrotron emission (Bamba+ 2000, Borkowski+ 2000) • Can measure the post-shock proton temperature at location of X-ray synchrotron (Smith 1997) Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  7. RCW 86 X-ray (Chandra) X-ray (blue) + H(red) Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  8. Temperature (H line) FWHM = 1100 km/s => Tp= 2.3 keV Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  9. Eveline Helder Utrecht University

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  11. Distance • OB association at 2.5 kpc (Westerlund 1969) • Local VISM combined with Galactic rotation curve gives ~2.5 kpc (Rosado+ 1996, Sollerman+ 2003) • Blowout seen in CO with same velocity (Matsunaga+ 2001) Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  12. Numbers • Shock velocity is 6000 ± 2800 km/s • FWHM broad line 1100 ± 60 km/s • This would correspond to a shock velocity of ~ 1100 km/s • We observe the effect of cosmic ray acceleration Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  13. Equations • Add term for cosmic ray pressure and energy absorbed by cosmic rays to the conservation laws. • Equation of state goes from 5/3 to 4/3 as pressure gets more cosmic ray dominated PCR/PTotal FCR/Ftot Eveline Helder Utrecht University

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  19. Conclusions • The effect of cosmic ray acceleration on the kinematics of RCW 86 can not be ignored • The lower limit to the pressure, contributed by cosmic rays is 50% of the total pressure Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  20. Future work • Include cross sections for charge exchange in calculating proton temperature • Measure proper motion using H images Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  21. Thank you! Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  22. Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  23. Other energy sinks? • Magnetic pressure? • B2/8 ≈ 0.1nkT • B2/8 ~ 0.5 Vs/c Uc (Bell 2004) • Uc is the cosmic ray energy density • Radiative losses? • This particular part of RCW 86 is non radiative (shows no [SII]-lines) (Smith 1997) Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  24. Proper motion (X-ray imaging) Eveline Helder Utrecht University 0.5’’ ± 0.2’’ /yr @ 2.5 kpc => 6000 km/s

  25. H [SII] Smith, 1997 Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  26. FWHM Cross section Vs Vs Van Adelsberg+ 2008 Heng+ 2007 Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  27. Van Adelsberg+ 2008 Ghavamian+ 2007 Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  28. photon photon + Shock front Shock front Eveline Helder Utrecht University

  29. Cosmic ray acceleration (Spitkovsky 2007) Eveline Helder Utrecht University