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Set Up of the English Colonies. 1585 – Roanoke – Sir Walter Raleigh 1607 – Jamestown, Virginia – John Smith (Business ordeal) 1620 – Plymouth, Mass – Puritans and Separatists (Religious freedom). A. New England Colonies. New Hampshire Massachusetts Connecticut Rhode Island.

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set up of the english colonies
Set Up of the English Colonies
  • 1585 – Roanoke – Sir Walter Raleigh
  • 1607 – Jamestown, Virginia – John Smith (Business ordeal)
  • 1620 – Plymouth, Mass – Puritans and Separatists (Religious freedom)
a new england colonies
A. New England Colonies
  • New Hampshire
  • Massachusetts
  • Connecticut
  • Rhode Island
1 new england facts
1. New England Facts
  • Religious freedom from the Anglican Church (King Henry the VIII)
  • Puritans – wanted to reform the Anglican church
  • Separatists – wanted set up their own churches.
  • 1630’s – 15,000 Puritans escaped = the Great Migration
2 government
2. Government
  • Mayflower Compact – to provide order, obey the laws, democratic government (representative)
  • 1630 – John Winthrop (Puritan) – 1st Governor of Massachusetts Bay.
  • 1636 – Thomas Hooker left for Hartford, Connecticut. Adopted the Fundamental Order of Connecticut (1st written Constitution)
3 economics
3. Economics
  • Towns were organized
  • Farming was the main economic activity
  • Substance farming – meet the needs to fed their families
  • Waterpower > to run lumber & grain mills
  • Shipbuilding
  • Trade – West Indies – fish, fruit, and furs
  • Triangular trade & Middle Passage
1 facts middle colonies
1. Facts – Middle Colonies
  • 1624 - New York – Dutch settlers
  • 1664 - New Jersey – John Berkeley & George Carteret
  • 1638 - Delaware – Swedish settlers
  • 1681 - Pennsylvania – William Penn
note william penn
Note: William Penn
  • Society of friends, or Quakers
  • Quakers believed they all had an “inner light”
  • All people were equal in God’s eyes.
  • Pacifists – people whom refuse to fight
  • “holy experiment” - Indians
  • Philadelphia – “city of brotherly love”
2 governmen t
2. Government
  • New York – Representative government – elective legislature
  • New Jersey – Representative assembly to set laws and taxes.
  • Pennsylvania – people rule themselves - democracy
3 economics1
3. Economics
  • Industries
  • Home-based crafts, carpentry, flour mills, lumber, and iron mills.
  • Diversity in ethnic trades and religion
c the southern colonies
C. The Southern Colonies
  • Maryland
  • Virginia (Jamestown)
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia
1 southern colonies facts
1. Southern Colonies Facts
  • Lord Baltimore gave large estates to his relatives and aristocrats
  • Wealthy and powerful landowners
  • The Mason-Dixon line
  • Act of Toleration
  • Bacon’s Rebellion (Nathaniel)
2 government1
2. Government
  • House of Burgesses
  • John Locke – English philosopher wrote a constitution for the Carolina colony.
  • It covers land distribution, social rankings, principles and rights.
3 economics2
3. Economics
  • Tobacco (Maryland & Virginia) is the cash crop
  • Huge demand for tobacco = slave labor was needed
  • Rice (South Carolina & Georgia) is the cash crop (slave labor a must).
  • Tidewater – low lands, flooding, near ports
  • Back country – forests, mainly small farms
slavery
Slavery
  • Slavery was one reason for the economic success of the Southern colonies.
  • Indentured servants – agreed to work without pay.
slide24
States

Facts

COLONY

Government

Economics

study guide ream
Study Guide– Ream

Issued 9/22

Test 9/26

Name

  • Be able to label all 13 colonies, Jamestown, Roanoke, and Plymouth
  • Reasons for colonizing Roanoke, Jamestown, and Plymouth
  • Identify House of Burgesses, Mayflower Compact, and Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  • Identify John Calvin, Sir Walter Raleigh, John Smith, John Smith, John Winthrop, William Penn, and Nathaniel Bacon
  • Mercantilism. Representative Democracy, Columbian Exchange, Northwest Passage, charters, joint-stock company, Virginia Company, puritans, separatist, Great Migration, Quakers, indentured servants, Act of Toleration, and Bacon’s Rebellion.

Please be prepared. If you’re absent on Friday, please come in Monday at 7:30am to take the test. All study guides, maps, PowerPoint's are on my website. Books will be issued to you 9/23/2014

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