Canadian Involvement in International Conflicts - Peacekeeping & Beyond -. New World Order. End of Cold War did not bring peace to the world - numerous regional conflicts and ethnic rivalries, such as: Gulf War – Iraqi invasion of Kuwait (1991) Former Yugoslavia (1991-1999) Somalia (1992)
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With end of Cold war -dramatic shift in role of UN peacekeepers
a) More Missions
b) Peacekeeping WITHIN states
Cyprus – UN buffer Zone in Blue
c) More Actors
d) Peace “Making”
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e) Changing Role of Peacekeepers
Modern peacekeeping involves:
f) More Diverse Skills
g) Humanitarian Interventions
Clayton Matchee with Somali teen Shidane Arone
“In Germany they first came for the communists; and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a communist. Then they came for the Jews; and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists; and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics; and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Catholic. Then they came for me – and by that time there was nobody left to speak up.” – Martin Niemoller
(a) Killing members of the group
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
CBC archives - Providing 'safe havens' in Bosnia
UN peacekeepers – 1992 Stripped area – Canadian sector
These 12 countries together account for almost 50 percent of the landmines currently deployed in the world and also suffer the highest number of landmines casualities.