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OLIVE OIL PRODUCTION. Agnes & Cordu. History. cultivated before jesus birth oldest tree: >2000 years old Former times: water and muscle power. History. „Aloni“ (huge bowl, marble stones) -> juicy paste filled in goat-hair bags press (bag as filter) seperated (specific gravity)

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OLIVE OIL PRODUCTION


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    1. OLIVE OIL PRODUCTION Agnes & Cordu

    2. History • cultivated before jesus birth • oldest tree: >2000 years old • Former times: water and muscle power

    3. History • „Aloni“ (huge bowl, marble stones) -> juicy paste • filled in goat-hair bags • press (bag as filter) • seperated (specific gravity) • centrifuged

    4. The olive tree • should stay tiny • gnarled -> more yield • has alternation • average: 50-70kg olives • 15-40% oil • depends on area

    5. Harvest • net under tree • shake (machine or hand) • afterwards: tree is cut back • no yield next year (alternation) • from december till february

    6. Oil factory • clean from leaves • wash (cold water) • cut in pieces • mix the paste • centrifuge (water, cores, oil, rest) • 2nd centrifuge (water, pure oil) • bottle the oil • sell individually

    7. Quality • variety • frozen olives • natural conditions • bottle • determines the price

    8. Pests & diseases OLIVE FRUIT FLY -> grub enters fruit, fly transfers tubercle TUBERCLE -> bacterium which causes proliferations

    9. TRUNK DECAY -> fungus which decays the trunk BLACK SCALE -> reduces the harvest GREEN FLY -> less yield

    10. Olive oil marketing By Hannes and Siggi

    11. 750 million cultivated trees worldwide • ¾ of the world olive oil production comes from the European Union

    12. Greek production • 60 % of the cultivated land produces olives • World top producer of black olives

    13. Greek production • 350.000 tons of olive oil per year • Every habitant in Greece consumes 26 liters of olive oil per year

    14. Various sorts • Extra-virgin olive oil • Not more acidity than 0.8% • Superior taste • Best olive oil

    15. Various sorts • Virgin olive oil • Acidity not over 2 % • Good taste • Olive oil • Olive-pomace oil • Lampante oil • Was used as fuel

    16. Olive oil production of the world

    17. Export of Olive Oil