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Emerging Issues About Biofuels Under EPA's Emergency Response Program. Gregory J. Wilson U.S. EPA - Office of Emergency Management Washington, DC 20460 firstname.lastname@example.org. Regional Response Team 2 West Point, New York April 7, 2009. Legislative Background. Energy Policy Act of 2005
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Gregory J. Wilson
U.S. EPA - Office of Emergency Management
Washington, DC 20460
Regional Response Team 2
West Point, New York
April 7, 2009
End UseBiofuels Supply Chain
Transportation fuels in light & heavy duty vehicles & trucks, Off -Road vehicles, Locomotives, Flight technologies, Boats/Ships
Power & Generators
Chemical Feedstocks for Manufacturing
Harvesting & Collecting
Distribution by barge, truck, rail, pipeline
Storage in tanks
Vessels with Crude
Petroleum Oil as Cargo
Animal Fat / Vegetable Oil (AFVO)
Vessels (barges) with
Pipelines (under development)
Denatured Fuel Ethanol/Vessels
Dried Distillers Grains
with Solubles (DDGS)
Exposure to fuel ethanol may occur by breathing its vapors (inhalation), getting it on the skin or in the eyes (skin absorption), or swallowing it (ingestion).
Exposure to ethanol vapors in high concentrations or for prolonged periods can be harmful to human health.
Ethanol can cause local dehydration and lesions.
Absorption, which occurs swiftly from the gastrointestinal tract, causes euphoria, with subsequent dizziness, inebriation, paralysis, diminished reflex, and respiratory paralysis.
Pure ethanol can be toxic to fish at high enough concentrations
Lethal concentrations for fish (rainbow trout): 11,200 to 15,300 milligrams per liter (mg/L).
Pure ethanol is completely miscible in water
Pure ethanol may biodegrade aerobically and anaerobically
Biodegradation may decrease the dissolved oxygen in surface water, resulting in fish kills and other adverse impacts to oxygen-dependent species (direct or indirect).Potential Risks of Ethanol
Free Fatty Acids
Fire and release point
Ethanol and Ethanol Blended Fuels, Emergency Response Training and Safety Issues, National Association of State Fire Marshals, July 1, 2008