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1914-1918: The World at War. Differing Viewpoints. “Family Feud” “The War to End All Wars” “The War to ‘Make the World Safe for Democracy’”. Causes of the War. 1. The Alliance System. Triple Entente :. Triple Alliance :. Two Armed Camps!. Allied Powers :. Central Powers :.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Differing Viewpoints

  • “Family Feud”
  • “The War to End All Wars”
  • “The War to ‘Make the World Safe for Democracy’”
slide4

1. The Alliance System

Triple Entente:

Triple Alliance:

slide5

Two Armed Camps!

Allied Powers:

Central Powers:

slide6

The Major Players: 1914-17

Allied Powers:

Central Powers:

Nicholas II [Rus]

Wilhelm II [Ger]

George V [Br]

Victor Emmanuel II [It]

Enver Pasha[Turkey]

Pres. Poincare [Fr]

Franz Josef [A-H]

slide8

2. Militarism & Arms Race

Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s.

slide11

Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914

The“Powder Keg”of Europe

“The Black Hand” pro-Serbian nationalists

slide15

The Assassin:

GavriloPrincip

slide16

Who’s To Blame?

  • German encirclement theory?
  • Ignorance of modern warfare?
  • M.A.I.N.
what was that about
What was that about?
  • By 1900’s, Ottoman Empire in decline
  • Nations had formed from Ottoman territory
  • Greece, Bulgaria, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia (Slavic group)
  • Serbia wanted to extend boundaries into A-H territory (Pan-Slavism…if Slavs there…it’s ok to take)
  • 1908 A-H took Bosnia-Herzegovina (lots of Slavic people there)
  • Serbia really upset.
  • Black Hand wanted to rid Bosnia of all A-H power
who started it
Who started it?
  • Should have been between Serbia and Austria-Hungary
  • Instead…Russia backed Serbia and Germany backed A-H
  • A-H declares war on Serbia
  • Russia mobilizes troops near German and Austrian border
  • Germany declares war on Russia AND France
  • British are sucked in for the ride.
slide19

The Schlieffen Plan

  • Attack France through neutral Belgium
slide21

Mobilization

  • Home by Christmas!
  • No major war in 50 years!
  • Nationalism!

It's a long way to Tipperary,

It's a long way to go;

It's a long way to Tipperary,

To the sweetest girl I know!

Goodbye, Piccadilly,

Farewell, Leicester Square,

It's a long, long way to Tipperary,

But my heart's right there!

slide24

Recruits of the Central Powers

A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother

Austro-Hungarians

slide39

Spies

  • “Mata Hari”
  • Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide Zelle
  • German Spy!
slide44

German Poster

Think of Your Children!

slide49

Trench Warfare

“No Man’s Land”

slide50

Verdun – February, 1916

  • German offensive.
  • Each side had 500,000 casualties.
slide51

The Somme – July, 1916

  • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.
  • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.
slide63

Fighting in Africa

Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen[German E. Africa]

British Sikh Mountain Gunners

slide64

Fighting in Africa

3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade

slide65

Fighting in Salonika, Greece

French colonial marine infantry fromCochin, China - 1916

slide67

The Sinking of the Lusitania 1915

  • Passengers, munitions for GB
slide76

The Airplane

“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917

slide77

The Flying Aces of World War I

FrancescoBarraco, It.

Eddie “Mick”Mannoch, Br.

Eddie Rickenbacher, US

Manfred vonRichtoffen, Ger.[The “RedBaron”]

Rene PaukFonck, Fr.

Willy Coppens deHolthust, Belg.

slide81

FlameThrowers

GrenadeLaunchers

slide82

Poison Gas

Machine Gun

slide90

1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies

50,000,000 – 100,000,000 died

influenza 1918 1919
Influenza 1918-1919
  • Kansas index case to American cities
  • 2 months later on the front in Europe
  • 2 months later in the civilian population in Europe
  • To Asia, Africa, back to Europe and N. America
  • 20 million dead
slide95

11 a.m., November 11, 1918

The Armistice is Signed!

treaty of versailles 1919
Treaty of Versailles 1919
  • Peace treaty that simply sets the stage for World War 2
  • More details to come…
weimar republic 1919 1933
Weimar Republic 1919-1933
  • Germany tried a democracy
  • Forced on them
  • Given no assistance
  • No experience or history of democracy
  • Seriously flawed constitution…