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Today’s Tune. “This is the Sea” by The Waterboys. Next Midterm Monday, May 16, 2011, 1:00. Here in Gilfillan Auditorium, closed book Same format as Test 1 Bring #2 pencil Study Guide POSTED on main class web site:

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today s tune

Today’s Tune

“This is the Sea”

by The Waterboys

next midterm monday may 16 2011 1 00
Next Midterm Monday, May 16, 2011, 1:00
  • Here in Gilfillan Auditorium, closed book
  • Same format as Test 1
  • Bring #2 pencil
  • Study Guide POSTED on main class web site:

  • Sudden shifting of the ocean floor due to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and submarine slumping.
    • open ocean: short heights, long wavelengths (>100 km), and long periods -- 400-500 mph!!!
    • shallow water: their length shortens and their height increases dramatically.
global wave propagation after 2004 sumatra event
Global Wave Propagation After 2004 Sumatra Event

Titov, V., A.B. Rabinovich, H.O. Mojfeld, R.E. Thomson, and F.I. Gonzalez, The global reach of the 26 December 2004 Sumatra tsunami, Science, 309 (5743), 2045-2048, 2005.

oregon coastal atlas tsunami hazard information http www coastalatlas net or http bit ly fg8rz
Oregon Coastal AtlasTsunami Hazard Information or
north carolina example
North Carolina Example

Driscoll et al., Geology, 28(5):407-410

back to wind driven scenarios storm surges
Back to Wind-Driven Scenarios:Storm Surges
  • extremely high water levels due to
    • Low pressure system - big storms
      • persistent onshore winds
      • rise in sea level

Hurricane Katrina, Saturday, Aug 27, 2005

NASA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radar


Hurricane Katrina, Sunday, Aug 28, 2005

Accumulation of water driven shoreward by storm winds:

Elevated sea level at shore


NASA PPT Radar, Visible Infrared Scanner, Tropical Microwave Imager

GOES satellite

other types of progressive waves
Other Types of Progressive Waves
  • There is one other notable type of progressive waves.
    • Internal waves which occur underwater and move along pycnoclines.
internal waves
Internal Waves
  • Slower speeds than surface waves because the density difference between water masses is less than between air and water.
    • They occur when water masses slip over one another.
    • They have very long periods and very large heights.
standing waves
Standing Waves
  • Seas, swell, and surf are progressive waves.
  • Standing waves (seiches)…
    • Oscillate back and forth about a nodei.e., a fixed point.
    • Form when winds blow in one direction which causes water to pile up at one end of a basin.
  • Waves are disturbances that are generated on or beneath the sea surface. Progressive waves move along the sea surface.
  • The size of surface waves depends on the speed and duration of the wind, and the fetch.
  • Waves affect water to a depth equal to or less than one-half their wavelength.
  • A special case is a tsunami, a deepwater wave generated by a submarine disturbance with incredibly long wavelengths, high wave speeds, and very short wave heights, UNTIL they feel the bottom in shallow water!
summary cont
  • As waves enter shallow water their wavelength shortens and their height increases.
  • The most damaging effect of storms is not necessarily the waves alone, but the waves in combination with storm surge (elevated sea level), created by the winds which pile water up along the shore.