Water and Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Corey repasy. “The Future W e Want”: Water and Sanitation.
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“We commit to the progressive realization of access to safe and affordable drinking water and basic sanitation for all, as necessary for poverty eradication, women’s empowerment and to protect human health, and to significantly improve the implementation of integrated water resource management at all levels as appropriate.”
Recognizes that water is linked to a number of other global challenges
Reaffirmed human right to safe drinking water
“We stress the need to adopt measures to significantly reduce water pollution and increase water quality, significantly improve wastewater treatment and water efficiency and reduce water losses.”
For MDG monitoring, “an improved sanitation facility is defined as one that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact”
Only 47% of the rural population in developing countries uses improved sanitation
2.5 billion people or 1/3 of the world’s population will remain without access to improved sanitation in 2015
Overall, nearly three million deaths annually can be directly attributed to inadequate and impure water, improper sanitation, and improper hygiene
On July 28, 2010, the United Nations recognized the human right to water and sanitation.
Dar, Osman A and Khan. S Mishal. “Millennium development goals and the water target: details, deﬁnitions and debate.” Accessed March 31, 2014.
Eckstein, Gabriel. “Water Scarcity, Conflict, and Security in a Climate Change World: Challenges and Opportunities for International Law and Policy.” Accessed April 1, 2014.
“Achieving the highest attainable standard of mental and physical health for all is a basic right”
-the Health and Population Dynamics Cluster within the NGO Major Group
Healthas “a precondition for, and an Outcome and indicator of all three dimensions of sustainable development.”
Sources: Adopted from GTZ (2010)
Source: adopted from WHO
Target 1.C: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
The region of South East Asia has accomplished this goal ahead of time and the global hunger reduction proportion is within reach.
Post 2015 to focus on sustainable production and further reduction of hunger.
“Good nutrition is a pre-condition for a healthy and productive life; malnutrition in all of its forms imposes high economic, social and human development costs on individuals, households, communities and countries”
Food chains are changing and this has caused a “nutrition transition” where countries face rising obesity levels but still face the challenge of undernutrition. This is also referred to as the double burden.
Purpose: This requires comprehensive efforts to ensure that every man, woman and child enjoy their Right to Adequate Food; women are empowered; priority is given to family farming; and food systems everywhere are sustainable and resilient.
It allows individuals, NGO’s, Businesses, and governments to get involved with the process.
Goals of this initiative include: Zero stunted children less than 2 years( Working with the SUN Movement), 100% access to adequate food all year round , all food systems are sustainable, 100% increase in smallholder productivity and income, and zero loss or waste of foodZero Hunger Challenge
Conservation agriculture (CA) “is an approach to managing agro-ecosystems for improved and sustained productivity, increased profits and food security while preserving and enhancing the resource base and the environment.”
Continuous minimum mechanical soil disturbance.
Permanent organic soil cover.
Diversification of crop species grown in sequences and/or associations.
More sustainable production, less pollution, higher efficiency,Conservation Agriculture
Energy is linked to food security because the lack of energy prevents the eradication of hunger and malnutrition
Malnutrition directly related to health if individuals do not have any access to health care or have inadequate healthcare.
Lack of access to clean water can lead to diarrhea which leads to malnutrition.
Food supply chains are changing as the way people produce and process foods change. Trade can influence this process and potentially improve the double burden nutrition crisis.
At The Post 2015 Agenda
Global Social Observatory
*Source: UNESCO – Institute for Water Education
GSO 10th Anniversary Event
Source: Paying for progress: how will emerging post-2015 goals be financed in the new aid landscape? Overseas Development Institute 2013