Lingua inglese II 17-10-11. The language of journalism . The term ‘journalistic’ may refer to several kinds of texts: advertising, horoscopes, weather reports, crosswords, business reports, cartoons, film/book reviews, obituaries, letters to the editor and agony aunt agony uncle columns(?).
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The language of journalism
The term ‘journalistic’ may refer to several kinds of texts: advertising, horoscopes, weather reports, crosswords, business reports, cartoons, film/book reviews, obituaries, letters to the editor and agony aunt agony uncle columns(?).
(A newspaper column who answers questions and offers advice on personal problems).
But, the most representative genre is the news report (article)
Watch the following and tell the evident differences
Do you think they are quality or popular press newspapers?
Broadsheet newpapers (quality press) are large-sized and include economic, sports, political news items…
while tabloids (popular press) are small-sized and they usually spread sensational stories and gossip on the showbiz or scandals of different nature.
Tabloids are usually newspapers that tend to sensationalize and emphasize or exaggerate crime stories, gossip columns, scandals about the deeply personal lives of celebrities, sports stars, politicians etc.
As the term "tabloid" has become synonymous with down-market newspapers in some areas, some small-format papers which claim a higher standard of journalism refer to themselves as "compact" newspapers instead.
The tabloid newspaper format is particularly popular in the United Kingdom.
Larger newspapers, traditionally associated with 'higher-quality' journalism, are called broadsheets
The difference in letter size is evident.
THE SUN ARTICLES
The different fonts, colours and letter size distinguish:
All these features make newspaper layout recognisable among most other written text forms.
The most important items of information are presented first (in the various headlines and in the opening sentences).
This has the advantage of concentrating information into easily-accessible chunks, but it can also overload a headline with copious data which can mislead the reader.
…byexploitingmanyof the charactersticsof the spokenlanguage:
‘OurdaughterShilohwantstobe a boy’, reveals Angelina Jolie.
2) quotationof single key words (i.e. IRA dismisses truce as ‘unworkable’)
3) useofquestions or exclamationsto create a senseofsharingsomething, oftenrhetoricalquestions:
Whenwill interest rates rise?
Lexical words are preferred, grammatical words are often omitted (ellipsis).
British soldier killed in Afghan blast
Police getproactive in protectingPINs.
Waity Katie towedher William
DNA test over love child, FBI on histrail, ANOTHER blonde on hisarm. GoodlucktryingtowinElin back, Tiger!
Iraqi Head SeeksArms
(can yousee the ambiguity in such a headline??)
Ashley Cole scoresthreetimes in a week.
Kate and Willstomarry
Hill and Bill’s love FE$T.
Britainexpects (doublemeaningof the verb)
…and INTERTEXTUALITY (whatisthat??)
Dave New World
Careless driver! George Michael smashescarintoshop
Rob: Balo’s gone from strops to tops
(Roberto Mancini happy that Mario Balotelli is staying out of trouble.
ROBERTO MANCINI has hailed Mario Balotelli — for going six weeks without a strop!
BolshyBalotelli has been keeping his nose clean and today hit his fourth goal in as many games against Aston Villa.
Mancini admits that the Italian hot-head could "change in a moment". )
Prince takes arms against bad English
‘Prince’ here refers to the prince of Wales.
However, it is easy to catch references to Shakespeare’s Hamlet.
To be, or not to be, that is the question:Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,Or to take arms against a sea of troubles
…you can find it anywhere
In literature, in movies, in images, in commercials, in journalism, in everyday speech, also in the words I used above.
Allusions, more or less overt, to other works/words.
This video clearly shows intertextuality. Setting, images, facial expressions etc. remind of Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange.
Straight headlinesThey simply relate the main topic of the story.
They are the most common types of headlines and are the easiest to understand.Example:Ferocious dogs savage man to death
Mostheadlinesofthiskind are notreallytypicalquestions at all. They are statementsfollowedby a questionmark. Thesequestionmarks are usedwhen:
Headlines that contain a quotationA quoted speech is often used in headlines.
Example:Men shot in Arctic ‘had no enemies at all’
(note the use of first names)
The presentcontinuousissometimesused, togive the meaningofsomethingthatisdeveloping, going on at that moment. The auxiliaries ‘tobe’ and ‘tohave’ are usuallyomitted.
Example:Bikersflexingtheirmusclesfor the race.
The infinitive is used to refer to the future.Example:Liberals to spend $700-million on research and development projects.
Blair knew Saddam did not have WMD before war started
(keep it short and simple);
Here is a simple news story which would not appear on a newspaper. The language does not work.
Read it carefully.
DO THIS AT HOME AND INCLUDE IT IN YOUR PERSONAL FOLDER
In the middle of the night last night, some burglars broke into Buckingham Palace and got away with a whole heap of the Queen’s most valuable jewellery as well as kidnapping her favouritedog whose name was Tootles and who slept in the Queen’s bedroom with her.
The Queen wasn’t actually around that night as she was away on her tour of Japan with Prince Philip, but her ladies-in-waiting were, and they were terrified and extremely worried about Tootles who is quite old and needs a special diet so he does not get too overweight.
This site contains all the newspapers available in UK.
For October 31st choose two articles (one belonging to popular press and the other to quality press) on the same topic and highlight all the language (but also other) differences you see and carry out a text analysis considering all the elements dealt with in this lecture. (PPT)
You can work in groups of 5-6 (maximum)
PPTs should last max. 15/20 minutes.
4 of your works will be presented during the class.
To write a good/effective text analysis does not mean you have to mention ALL THE THINGS I INCLUDED HERE.
You have to mention only the things that are apparent, evident, important, relevant, outstanding in the piece of text under investigation.
And…besides referring to the language of journalism only, you should also take into account all the previously mentioned concepts (cohesion, coherence, informativity etc.)