http www youtube com watch v uzx oxisdsg n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
http:// PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 10

http:// - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

http:// DEMENTIA. What is DEMENTIA?. Some Causes of Dementia : Alzheimer’s disease Lewy’s body disease Parkinson’s disease Huntington’s disease Strokes in the brain HIV infection Chronic drug use Depression Brain abnormalities.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'http://' - ide

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
what is dementia

Some Causes of Dementia:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Lewy’s body disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Strokes in the brain
  • HIV infection
  • Chronic drug use
  • Depression
  • Brain abnormalities

Dementia is a disorder of the brain with a permanent loss of cognitive function or memory.

pathophysiology of dementia
Pathophysiology of Dementia

Primary dementias: the dementia itself is the major sign of an organic brain disease and is not directly related to any other illness, such as Alzheimer’s.

Secondary dementias:those caused by some other disease - such as AIDS, head injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, etc.

Pseudo dementia:another category of dementia that is not a true dementia, but instead has similar symptoms that mimic dementia, often seen in patients with depression.

risk factors for dementia
Risk Factors for Dementia
  • Age
  • Family history
  • Alcohol use
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Blood pressure
  • Cholesterol
  • Depression
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
clinical manifestations of dementia
Clinical Manifestations of Dementia
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty with communication
  • Difficulty with complex tasks
  • Difficulty with coordination and

motor functions

  • Getting lost
  • Personality changes
  • Inability to reason
  • Inappropriate behavior
  • Paranoia, delusions and/or hallucinations
diagnostic tests
Diagnostic Tests
  • CT or MRI of the brain
  • Evaluation by psychiatrist
  • Cognitive and neurological tests
  • Laboratory tests such as B12

deficiency or underactive thyroid

pharmacotherapy for dementia
Pharmacotherapy for Dementia
  • Cholinesterase inhibitors:

1. Aricept

2. Exelon

3. Razadyne

  • Namenda
  • Other medications to treat symptoms, such as sleeping pills
treatment modalities
Treatment Modalities

For reversible dementia:

  • Take vitamins for B12 deficiency
  • Take thyroid medication for hypothyroid
  • Have surgery to remove brain tumor or relieve pressure on brain
  • Stop taking medications that cause confusion
  • Take medications to treat infection
  • Take antidepressants

For irreversible dementia:

  • Help the person be independent and manage life as long as they can
  • Dementia medications
  • Counseling and family support
you tube site evaluation
You Tube site evaluation

My you tube video selection is from the movie “The Notebook”, which is my all time favorite movie. It is a wonderful love story with a tragic ending involving Alzheimer’s dementia. I do not think the you tube video is an accurate reflection of dementia behavior, because patients do not typically have periods of total and precise awareness. It is current and depicts a circumstance that many people are unfortunately faced with. It is told in such a manner to capture the audience’s attention while portraying the tragic nature of this disease.


Cleveland Clinic. (2013). Diseases and conditions: Types of dementia. Retrieved from

Wallace, J. (2013). Five dementia symptoms you should not ignore. Retrieved from

WebMD. (2011). Dementia treatment overview. Retrieved from