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Goal 9, 10 and 11 Review . Announcements. Final States and Capitals quiz . Independent Practice. Why did the Great Depression occur? Answer this question defining the following key terms: Buying stock on margin Installment plans “Margin call” Bank runs. Life in the Great Depression.

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  • Final States and Capitals quiz
independent practice
Independent Practice
  • Why did the Great Depression occur?
  • Answer this question defining the following key terms:
    • Buying stock on margin
    • Installment plans
    • “Margin call”
    • Bank runs
life in the great depression
Life in the Great Depression
  • You will analyze a series of images that relate to the Great Depression, including daily life and strategies to get out of the Great Depression.
  • Answer the following questions for each picture:
    • What event or important decision does the picture show?
    • How is it related to the Great Depression?
world war ii
World War II
  • Answer the following questions in 1-2 sentences
  • Questions:
  • Why did the war start in Europe?
  • Why did the U.S. get involved (two main reasons)?
  • How did the U.S. entrance into the war affect the outcome in Europe?
  • How did the atomic bomb affect the outcome?
u s foreign policy since 1945
U.S. Foreign Policy Since 1945
  • Two major categories:
  • Cold War
  • Middle East relations
  • Match the following events or policies under either Cold War or Middle East:
  • Containment, Détente, Iran Hostage Crisis, Camp David Accords, Vietnam War, Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, 9/11, McCarthyism, Sputnik, Glasnost and Perestroika, and Iron Curtain.

1) Which situation helped cause the stock market crash of 1929?

  • a. Excessive speculation and buying on margin.
  • b. Unwillingness of people to invest in new industries.
  • c. Increased government spending.
  • d. Too much government regulation of business.

2) Which of the following best describes the principle of taking out a loan to buy a stock?

  • a. Buying stock on margin
  • b. Overproducing interest
  • c. Creating a “run” on a bank
  • d. Buying on the installment plan

3) Which of the following was an effect of “Black Tuesday”?

  • a. Many people lost everything as stock prices fell and banks closed.
  • b. People rushed to put their money in banks rather than the stock market.
  • c. President Hoover’s popularity grew.
  • d. People paid off their debts and started investing in more bonds.

4) In the 1930s, what was an effect of the Dust Bowl in the Great Plains?

  • a. Many small farmers were forced to leave the region and migrate west
  • b. Prices for agricultural products rose rapidly due to shortages in supply
  • c. Large plantation owners lost most of their money and were forced to sell
  • d. Cattle ranching made a comeback and farmers were driven off their land

5) Which of the following is a direct legacy of the New Deal?

  • a. Movements for smaller federal government
  • b. The Social Security Administration
  • c. Declining union membership
  • d. Anti-immigration hysteria

6) The Hundred Days refers to

  • a. The period between Roosevelt’s election and his inauguration.
  • b. The period immediately after Roosevelt’s first inauguration.
  • c. The worst period of the Great Depression.
  • d. The final days of the Hoover administration.

7) Why did the Bonus Army march to Washington, D.C., in 1932?

  • A. The army was preparing for World War II.
  • B. The Capitol needed extra soldiers to protect it from riots.
  • C. President Hoover requested their support for his policies.
  • D. Jobless veterans wanted their bonuses paid early.

1) How did the United States respond to the rise of militarists and dictators in Japan, Germany and Italy before 1937?

  • a. It offered economic aid to the militarists and dictators.
  • b. It built up its military forces and offered arms to threatened nations.
  • c. It joined the League of Nations to prevent these leaders from getting too strong.
  • d. It tried to remain isolated from European conflicts.

2) Which event caused the U.S. government to move from isolationism to a declaration of war in 1941?

  • A. the fall of France
  • B. the Battle of Britain
  • C. the Holocaust
  • D. the attack on Pearl Harbor

3) Why was the Battle of the Bulge such a decisive Allied victory?

  • a. It was the first Allied victory on the European continent since the fall of France.
  • b. It was the beginning of the combined Allied assault on Japan.
  • c. It marked the last significant attack by the Germans against the Allies.
  • d. It demonstrated the superiority of Allied air power.

During the Second World War, what was the U.S. war strategy in the Pacific called?

  • a. Brinkmanship
  • b. island hopping
  • c. containment
  • d. search and destroy

5) What led J. Robert Oppenheimer to quote the following Hindu scripture: “Now I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.”

  • a. The fact that he was an eyewitness to the attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • b. The fact that he was involved in the liberation of Nazi concentration camps, saw the mass graves and badly abused victims of Nazi atrocities.
  • c. He had just witnessed the testing of the atomic bomb which he helped build.
  • d. The Soviets had just launched Sputnik, and he knew the arms race would only intensify.

6) What finally ended the Great Depression?

  • a. The programs of Roosevelt’s New Deal
  • b. Government spending for the war effort.
  • c. As President Hoover had predicted, the Depression ended naturally, as the economic cycles came around again.
  • d. The end of the drought in the Dust Bowl spurred a recovery of the entire economy.

7) How would the Supreme Court ruling in Korematsu v. United States in 1944 have affected a Japanese American businessman?

  • a. He would have been allowed to continue operating his business as usual on the grounds that any government interference would be a violation of his civil rights.
  • b. He would have had his business returned to him and been paid reparations for having been unjustly treated.
  • c. He would have been immediately arrested and charged with treason against the United States of America.
  • d. He would have been forced to remain in a government detention center and run the risk of losing his business and home.

1) How did the development of the atomic bomb affect U.S. foreign policy?

  • a. It weakened President Truman’s negotiating power at the Potsdam Conference.
  • b. It hastened plans to create the United Nations and include the Soviet Union as a member.
  • c. It led to an arms race with the Soviet Union.
  • d. It delayed the tensions of the Cold War.

2) Which of the following best explains the “iron curtain”?

  • a. An iron wall built between East and West Berlin.
  • b. A line of military fortifications that spread across Europe at the end of World War II.
  • c. A figure of speech used by Winston Churchill to describe the division between communist Europe and capitalist Europe.
  • d. A reference to the defensive capacities of the Soviet Army.

3) The Korean War is an example of which U.S. foreign policy doctrine?

  • a. containment
  • b. détente
  • c. imperialism
  • d. reparations

4) What was the main point of the Truman Doctrine?

  • a. It warned European powers to stay out of political affairs in North and South America.
  • b. It declared American intentions to open China to American trade.
  • c. It declared American intentions to help countries repress Soviet-sponsored communist uprisings.
  • d. It declared American intentions to isolate itself from foreign political affairs.

5) How did the Soviet launch of Sputnik in 1957 have an immediate effect on Cold War relations between the United States and the Soviet Union?

  • a. It prompted the United States to accelerate its activity in the space race.
  • b. It eased diplomatic and military tensions.
  • c. It produced a team effort to build a Soviet-American space station.
  • d. It prompted the United States to create a space defense system.

6) Which of the following would be an example of détente?

  • a. Nixon officially recognizing the Communist regime of China.
  • b. Nixon expanding the war in Vietnam to Laos and Cambodia.
  • c. Carter condemning the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
  • d. The foreign policy of Ronald Reagan.

7) The incident at Kent State that resulted in the death of four students is an example of what?

  • a. Marshal law
  • b. Government crackdown in Tiananmen Square
  • c. The violence that sometimes surrounded the Civil Rights Movement
  • d. Protests against the Vietnam War

8) Why did events of the Vietnam War have the ability to influence U.S. public opinion as no other war had done before?

  • a. U.S. citizens knew nothing about the enemy.
  • b. This was the first war viewed extensively on television.
  • c. The president did not have a clear policy.
  • d. Reports from overseas said the United States was losing the war.

9) In general, how did the Cold War affect the economy of the USSR?

  • a. Investment in new technology helped the economy grow.
  • b. Competition with the United States spurred the development of new products.
  • c. Soviet satellite countries contributed to the growth of a thriving economy
  • d. The nuclear arms race was a drain on the economy.

10) Which development resulted from the passage of the Interstate Highway Act of 1956?

  • A. reduced dependence on cars and more dependence on public transportation
  • B. a dramatic decline in public works jobs
  • C. increased suburban growth and economic decline of the inner cities
  • D. declines in pollution and fuel consumption