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Opening Doors. An introduction to technology accessibility . Accessibility. What is it? Why do we need to worry about it?. What does it mean?. able to be reached or approached able to be used or obtained easy to appreciate or understand

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Opening Doors


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opening doors

Opening Doors

An introduction to technology accessibility.

accessibility
Accessibility

What is it? Why do we need to worry about it?

what does it mean
What does it mean?
  • able to be reached or approached
  • able to be used or obtained
  • easy to appreciate or understand
    • From http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/accessible
another definition
Another definition
  • capable of being reached <a resort accessible by train or bus>
  • capable of being used, seen, or known : OBTAINABLE <accessible information>
    • From http://www.wordcentral.com/cgi-bin/student?book=Student&va=accessible
pour as per the w3c
POUR, as per the W3C
  • Perceivable
    • Users must be able to perceive the information being presented
  • Operable
    • Users must be able to operate the interface
  • Understandable
    • Users must be able to understand the information as well as the operation of the user interface
  • Robust
    • Users must be able to access the content as technologies advance
in other words
In other words…
  • Meet people where they are online.
  • Free digital information to the broadest audience.
  • Intentionally include more people.
  • Take responsibility for our digital material.
three important pieces
Three important pieces
  • Universal access
    • Don’t restrict anyone from getting where they want to go.
  • Fair and equal
    • Make the experience equivalent regardless of factors we cannot control.
  • Technology compatibility
    • Make digital content as understandable to technology as possible.
fair and equal availability
Fair and equal availability
  • Make the experience as equivalent as possible regardless of what we cannot control.
    • Computer type
    • Tablet size
    • Phone operating system
    • Disability
      • Visual
      • Hearing
      • Motor
      • Cognitive
assistive technology interlude
Assistive technology interlude

Technology That Helps More People Use Technology

visual disabilities

Blindness, low vision, color blindness, etc.

    • Glasses
    • Operating system zoom features
    • Screen reading software
    • Braille readers
Visual disabilities
hearing disabilities

Full/partial deafness

    • Captioned video
    • Transcribed audio
Hearing disabilities
motor disabilities
Motor disabilities
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, full/partial paralysis, fine motor
    • Keyboards
    • Adaptive switches
    • Breath controls
cognitive disabilities
Cognitive disabilities
  • Behavioral, learning, sensory
    • Calendar reminders
    • Simplified content layout
accessibility is
Accessibility is…
  • …not just a technology issue
  • …decentralized
  • …a matter of civil rights
  • …especially critical for state agencies
general notes
General notes
  • We already have most of the tools
  • Making accessible content is easier in many authoring tools.
  • Accessible material is easier for everyone to use.
    • Headings
    • Color contrast
    • Video captions for multilingual audience, large presentation space, quiet viewing, multimodal learning.
statute
Statute
  • Federal
    • Rehabilitation Act
      • Section 503
      • Section 504
      • Section 508
    • The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
  • State
    • Oklahoma’s Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (EITA) Law
rehabilitation act
Rehabilitation Act
  • Section 503
    • Employment
  • Section 504
    • Programmatic Access
  • Section 508
    • ICT Accessibility in procurement
americans with disabilities act
Americans with Disabilities Act
  • Title I
    • Employment
  • Title II
    • Access to public sector programs
oklahoma s eita law
Oklahoma’s EITA Law
  • Echoes Section 508 standards
  • Broadly applicable to state agencies and institutions
  • Created
    • Law
    • Standards
    • EITA Advisory Council
  • Additionally
    • Accessibility Compliance Representatives created 2006
where does eita apply
Where Does EITA Apply?
  • State agency
    • Any office, officer, bureau, board, counsel, court, commission, institution, unit, division, body or house of the executive or judicial branches of the state government, whether elected or appointed, excluding political subdivisions of the state.
    • Includes agencies, Regents, higher education institutions, Career Tech
    • Covers technology procured by grantees when program includes technology.
goals of eita
Goals of EITA
  • The law requires state agencies to make information technologies accessible to individuals with disabilities and was adopted to:
    • Reduce information technology barriers.
    • Provide new opportunities for individuals with disabilities.
    • Encourage the development of new technologies to adhere to these goals.
what s in it
What’s in it?
  • Software applications and operating systems
  • Web-based information or applications
  • Telecommunication products
  • Video and multimedia products
  • Desktop and portable computers
  • Information, documentation and support
  • Self contained, closed products
changing policies
Changing Policies
  • Advanced Notices of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM)
    • ADA Title II and Title III
      • Will encompass digital environments explicitly
    • Section 508
      • Will refer to updated international standards
progress
Progress
  • Next steps
    • Title II
      • Still waiting
    • Section 508
      • Notice of Proposed Rulemaking possible this month
      • More public comment
      • Possible revision before final regulations issued
      • Set time for everyone to implement changes
      • Possibly policy late this year, could be 2015
who is responsible
Who is responsible?
  • Vendors
  • Purchasing agents
  • Content authors/managers
  • Administration and management
  • Developers and designers
  • Project managers
  • Business analysts
  • Policy makers/standard bearers
  • Legislators
  • Lawyers
what to do
What to Do?
  • First: We’ll help you
    • Identify technology tools
    • Identify who uses/creates/purchases/owns them
    • Get more detailed with those folks
  • Second: Get more familiar
    • http://www.ok.gov/abletech/IT_Accessibility/index.html
    • http://www.webaim.org
  • Third: Look for our trainings in the fall!
contact us
Contact Us!
  • Brenda Dawes, Program Manager, Oklahoma ABLE Tech
    • rgcarr@okstate.edu
    • @rgcarrjr on Twitter
  • Rob Carr, Accessibility Coordinator, Oklahoma ABLE Tech
    • brenda.dawes@okstate.edu
  • @OKABLETech on Twitter