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Methamphetamine Abuse. by Jane Ricard EDD-9200-BS4 35590 Trends and Issues Nova Southeastern University March 21, 2009. Introduction - Methamphetamine Abuse. Destroys the health of users ( Cartier, Greenwell & Prendergast, 2008 )

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methamphetamine abuse

Methamphetamine Abuse

by

Jane Ricard

EDD-9200-BS4 35590

Trends and Issues

Nova Southeastern University

March 21, 2009

introduction methamphetamine abuse
Introduction - Methamphetamine Abuse
  • Destroys the health of users (Cartier, Greenwell & Prendergast, 2008)
  • Harms children who live in meth labs (Weisheit, 2008)
  • Injures first responders to lab accidents (Weisheit, 2008)
  • Costly to prosecute, imprison, and treat (Morton, 2007)
  • Creates toxic waste sites from manufacturing byproducts (Weisheit, 2008)
  • Effective treatment modalities are available (Jett, 2007)
methamphetamine and its effects
Methamphetamine and Its Effects
  • Methamphetamine stimulates the central nervous system (Weisheit, 2008; Cartier, Greenwell & Prendergast, 2008)
  • Used by smoking, eating, snorting, or injecting (Weisheit, 2008)
  • Physical effect - tooth decay and breakage in users. (Morton, 2007)
  • Increases alertness and suppresses the appetite(Anonymous, 2006; Weisheit, 2008)
  • Injection users exposed to HIV (Morton, 2007)
methamphetamine users
Methamphetamine Users
  • In 2006 that more than 42 million people used methamphetamines (Messina, et al., 2008)
  • Used mostly in rural areas and the Western United States (Staton-Tindall, et al., 2008; Brown & Ramirez, 2007; Ward, McDonough, Keeva, Tebo, et al., 2006)
  • Mostly whites, American Indians, and Hispanics (Brown & Ramirez, 2007; Anonymous, 2007; Weisheit, 2008)
  • 50% used by women (Messina, et al., 2008)
contributing factors to abuse of methamphetamines
Contributing Factors to Abuse of Methamphetamines
  • Physical and sexual abuse affects the development of the brain causing it to react more severely to life stressors (Messina, et al., 2008)
  • Primary predictor for substance abuse is substance abuse by family members (Messina, et al., 2008)
manufacturing methamphetamines and its dangers
Manufacturing Methamphetamines and Its Dangers
  • Mostly in rural areas and western United States Messina, et al., 2008)
  • Manufactured close to where it is sold (Staton-Tindall, et al., 2008; Brown & Ramirez, 2007; Ward, McDonough, Keeva, Tebo, et al., 2006)
  • Easier to manufacture than heroin or cocaine (Weisheit, 2008)
manufacturing methamphetamines and its dangers1
Manufacturing Methamphetamines and Its Dangers
  • Dangerous substances used in manufacturing (Weisheit, 2008)
    • Anhydrous ammonia
      • Explosive, burns skinand eyes
      • Swells throat to cut off breathing
    • lithium that is removed from batteries
    • Lye that burns skin
    • Sodium, magnesium, and potassium metals that can explode with exposure to air or water
manufacturing methamphetamines and its dangers2
Manufacturing Methamphetamines and Its Dangers
  • Children of manufacturers are injured by chemicals and final product (Weisheit, 2008)
  • Toxic waste from process is illegally dumped (Weisheit, 2008)
  • Some states now prosecute parents for child abuse when children are found in meth labs (Weisheit, 2008)
treatments
Treatments
  • In short term incarcerations teeth are treated and offender is educated about proper care (Morton, 2007)
    • Longer term incarcerations make addiction treatment possible (Anonymous, 2006)
treatments1
Treatments
  • 1990 California enacted the Substance Abuse And Crime Prevention Act (Jett, 2007)
  • Focus on community treatment, not imprisonment (Jett, 2007)
  • Initial appointments happened that day or evening for workers (Jett, 2007)
  • Childcare provided when needed (Jett, 2007)
  • Personalized treatment (Jett, 2007)
  • 34% completion rate (Jett, 2007)
treatments2
Treatments
  • 30 months after offenders had completed their treatment taxpayers had saved $4 for every dollar spent in treatment (Jett, 2007)
  • Proved that methamphetamine addiction could be treated as well as other abused substances (Jett, 2007)
treatments3
Treatments
  • Sober Living Houses successful (Polcin, Henderson, 2008)
  • Encourage 12-Step program participation (Polcin, Henderson, 2008)
  • No alcohol or drugs are allowed (Polcin, Henderson, 2008)
  • Factors for success (Polcin, Henderson, 2008)
    • Active 12-Step program participation
    • Less underlying mental illness
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Methamphetamine abuse is costly to addicts’ health and to taxpayers’ wallets
  • Education to prevent first use is important due to its severe addictiveness
  • Treatment programs based on success in California should be duplicated
  • It is essential to protect children from exposure to drug addiction and from the dangers of meth labs to prevent future addicts