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Mixed Communities. Richard Parker. PwC. Contents. Findings from PwC Survey on Housing Policy Mixed Communities From the USA to the UK Where Next for Policy. PwC Survey. Key Survey Findings.

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mixed communities

Mixed Communities

Richard Parker


  • Findings from PwC Survey on Housing Policy
  • Mixed Communities From the USA to the UK
  • Where Next for Policy

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

pwc survey
PwC Survey

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key survey findings
Key Survey Findings
  • 70% agreed that the Government’s policies in the last five years have been effective, however 74% of those surveyed feel the ‘Decent Homes’ target will only be partially met or met in some areas
  • 59% do not feel that the ‘Decent Homes’ standard will deliver sustainable change.
  • The survey revealed that 62% of respondents believe it is now time to change the focus of housing investment.
  • When asked to identify future policy priorities- 88% stated that mixed and sustainable communities should be the priority. So how do we do it? Do we have the tools?

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why mixed communities
Why Mixed Communities?
  • Strong link between the condition of the housing market - price ,quality , tenure ,mobility- and the long term viability of places
  • Approach Informed by Area ‘effects’ studies in the US - poor people living in a poor neighbourhood experience worst outcomes than someone in same situation living elsewhere ( HOPE VI)
  • 3 key policy justifications:- reduce deprivation, improve delivery of key policy goals (education , health, worklessness) and create more sustainable communities
  • No silver bullet but need ‘step change’ to succeed

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so what is hope vi
So what is HOPE VI ?
  • $5bn dollar programme to address most severely distressed public housing in the US.
  • 466 grants awarded to 166 cities
  • 80,000 units to be demolished , 96,000 replacements, only 49,000 for public housing. Other for private sale , market rent or intermediate rent
  • Aim to create mixed and sustainable communities
  • Current budgets ($100m) 20% of that in 1990’s

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why hope vi

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what did hope vi achieve
What did HOPE VI achieve?
  • Catalyst for using innovative funding approaches to jump start wide scale redevelopment- and rooted in market principles


Centennial Place Atlanta –adults in labour force up from 36% to 69%

In Louisvilles Park DuValle – crime dropped 82%

Manchester Pittsburgh –Median incomes rose 23%


Only 46% of residents return. Development takes time plus screening

Many do not qualify due to screening (by health and work)

What about the hard to house?

One strike and Out

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hope vi delivery
HOPE VI - delivery

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so to england
So to England………..
  • New Deal for Communities seeks to apply some of the key principles from US - need to ‘adapt’ not ‘adopt’ US model.
  • DCLG have 9 demonstration projects
  • Focus is on 1% most deprived Super Output Areas
  • No new resources but some transformational outcomes ( 7:1 leverage)
  • Commercial guidance has been published by DCLG

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a6 plymouth grove
The challenge Central Manchester Estate of 1400 homes . Little or no investment over 30 years .which aligned to narrow tenure base has led to dereliction , social exclusion , crime and deprivation.

The Solution

50% of social housing refurbished

Remainder demolished, replaced with 600 homes for sale

New commercial hub, community hall, key worker homes

Developer underwrites house sales to fund the refurbishment of social housing.

Outputs 100% diversification of tenure 50% reduction in crime

6 yr waiting lists for social housing

A6 Plymouth Grove

First social housing PFI pathfinder to reach commercial close

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where next for policy
Where Next for Policy

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where next for policy1
Where Next for Policy
  • Good case for moving beyond Decent homes to something more transformational
  • A need for new models – of Ownership and Delivery ( beyond Transfer)


  • Need to build trust and leadership at local level
  • No shortage of private capital .Private Sector can secure finance and shoulder commercial risk .Public Sector needs to take lead . Collaboration is key.
  • Models are in place , where are the projects?

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