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The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam. Adaptations and Alterations Made for Survival. The Mogollon ~1 a.d. – 1450 a.d . Mogollon Habitat. Mountain and desert dwellers Gila River Country Mimbres River San Francisco River. Mogollon Habitat. Mountain dwellers Desert dwellers.

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the mogollon the anasazi and the hohokam

The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam

Adaptations and Alterations Made for Survival

mogollon habitat
Mogollon Habitat
  • Mountain and desert dwellers
  • Gila River Country
  • Mimbres River
  • San Francisco River
how the mogollon got food and other goods
How the Mogollon got food and other goods
  • Hunter-GatherersWhat did they hunt and gather?
  • Farmers: corn, beans, squash, cotton
  • Traders What did they trade? With whom?
how the mogollon got food and other goods farmers
How the Mogollon got food and other goodsFarmers

Corn

Squash

www.pecad.fas.usda.gov

blog.usa.gov

mogollon artifacts
Mogollon Artifacts
  • spear points
  • stone knives
  • grinding bones(deer, rabbit, squirrel, gopher, prairie dog, badger, pronghorn and mountain sheep)
more artifacts
More Artifacts
  • PotteryBrown or red before 900 a.d.Mimbres (black on white) in 900 a.d.
  • Stone axes ground on 3 sides
  • Shell pendants, bone hairpins
artifacts mimbres pottery
Artifacts Mimbres Pottery

Blm.gov

statemuseum.arizona.edu

Nps.gov

artifacts shell pendants hair pins
ArtifactsShell Pendants, Hair Pins

statemuseum.arizona.edu

slide21
Mogollon Adaptations and AlterationsMay have left area due to climate change or drought which would lead to food shortages
mogollon ruins gila cliff dwelling kinishba pueblo grasshopper q ranch pueblo point of pines pueblo
Mogollon RuinsGila Cliff Dwelling Kinishba Pueblo Grasshopper Q Ranch Pueblo Point of Pines Pueblo
anasazi habitat
Anasazi Habitat

Stone architecture

Cliff dwellings or pueblos

Kiva built in center of plaza

-underground

-for ceremonies

-with benches

how the anasazi got food and other goods
How the Anasazi got food and other goods

Farmers: corn or maize, squash

Hunter-Gatherers: rabbit, deer, prairie dogs

Basket makers

anasazi artifacts
Anasazi Artifacts
  • Pottery (learned from the Mogollon)
  • Squash gourds for water
  • Baskets
  • Stone tools – spear, throwing stick
  • Digging sticks
artifacts squash gourds for water
ArtifactsSquash gourds for water

The gourds used to store water would have looked something like this. Nps.gov

anasazi artifacts stone tools
Anasazi ArtifactsStone tools

Throwing Sticks

and Spears

Nps.gov

anasazi artifacts digging sticks
Anasazi ArtifactsDigging Sticks

Can you imagine

using a stick to dig

a hole to plant a

seed in order to get

food?

anasazi adaptations and alterations
Anasazi Adaptations and Alterations

1. Carried water from source to village

2. Built homes in cliffs for protection from elements and enemies

3. Built homes facing south for heat in winter

anasazi adaptations and alterations41
Anasazi Adaptations and Alterations

What may have happened to them?

Drought

Enemies invaded

Internal conflict

anasazi ruins
Anasazi Ruins
  • Mesa Verde
  • Canyon de Chelly
  • Kayenta
hohokam habitat
Hohokam Habitat
  • Sonoran Desert by rivers
  • Made homes of ‘jacal’ (adobe)
  • Villages built around plaza
hohokam habitat48
Hohokam Habitat

Hohokam adobe dwelling

Nps.gov

slide49
How the Hohokam got food and other goodsFarmers: corn, beans, cotton, agave, and squashHunter-Gatherers
how the hohokam got food and other goods farmers
How the Hohokam got food and other goodsFarmers

Corn

Agave

Cotton

usda.gov

Virginia.gov

usda.gov

how the hohokam got food and other goods hunter gatherers
How the Hohokam got food and other goodsHunter-Gatherers

Blm.gov

fws.gov

Mo.gov

Rabbits

Prairie dogs

Deer

artifacts shell ornaments
ArtifactsShell ornaments

statemuseum.arizona.edu

artifacts stone tools
ArtifactsStone tools

statemuseum.arizona.edu

slide56

Hohokam Adaptations and Alterations1. Moved from desert in summer to foothills, then back to desert in winter2. Built over 300 miles of canals to irrigate crops

adaptations and alterations may have left due to drought floods climate change
Adaptations and AlterationsMay have left due to: drought floods climate change
hohokam ruins snaketown
Hohokam RuinsSnaketown

statemuseum.arizona.edu