Basic information • Area:1,572.1 km2 • Population: 7,825,200 • Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°7′39″W • Elevation: 24 m • Sovereign state:United Kingdom • Region: London • Districts: City and 32 boroughs • Density: 4,978/km2 • Mayor of London: Boris Johnson
Climate • London has a temperate oceanic climate.
Architecture • London's buildings are too diverse to be characterized by any particular architectural style, and have been built over a long period of time. • In the dense areas, most of the concentration is achieved with medium- and high-rise buildings. • Few structures pre-date the Great Fire of 1666, except for a few trace Roman remains, the Tower of London and a few scattered Tudor survivors in the City. • The density of London varies, with high employment density in the central area, high residential densities in inner London and lower densities in the suburbs.
Big Ben • Big Ben is the nickname for the great bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London. • It celebrated its 150th anniversary on 31 May 2009, during which celebratory events took place. • The clock was finished being built on 10 April 1858. • The present Clock Tower was raised as a part of Charles Barry's design for a new palace, after the old Palace of Westminster was largely destroyed by fire on the night of 16 October 1834. • The clock tower has become one of the most prominent symbols of both London and England, often in the establishing shot of films set in the city.
Westminster Abbey • The Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, popularly known as Westminster Abbey. • Is a large, mainly Gothic church, in the City of Westminster, London, United Kingdom, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. • The abbey is a Royal Peculiar and briefly held the status of a cathedral from 1546 to 1556. • Westminster Abbey is a collegiate church governed by the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, as established by Royal charter of Queen Elizabeth I in 1560, which created it as the Collegiate Church of St Peter Westminster and a Royal Peculiar under the personal jurisdiction of the Sovereign. • The members of the Chapter are the Dean and four residentiary Canons, assisted by the Receiver General and Chapter Clerk. • One of the Canons is also Rector of St Margaret's Church, Westminster, and often holds also the post of Chaplain to the Speaker of the House of Commons.
London Eye • The EDF Energy London Eye is a 135-metre (443 ft) tall giant Ferris wheel situated on the banks of the River Thames, in London, England. • The most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom. • It is still described by its operators as "the world's tallest cantilevered observation wheel" (as the wheel is supported by an A-frame on one side only, unlike the Nanchang and Singapore wheels). • The London Eye is located at the western end of Jubilee Gardens, on the South Bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Lambeth, between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge. • The site is adjacent to that of the former Dome of Discovery, which was built for the Festival of Britain in 1951.
Buckingham Palace • Buckingham Palace is the London home and primary residence of the British monarch. • The original early 19th-century interior designs. • Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is a setting for state occasions and royal hospitality. • Originally known as Buckingham House, the building which forms the core of today's palace was a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1705 on a site which had been in private ownership for at least 150 years. • It was subsequently acquired by George III in 1761as a private residence for Queen Charlotte, and known as "The Queen's House". • During the 19th century it was enlarged, principally by architects John Nash and Edward Blore, forming three wings around a central courtyard. Buckingham Palace finally became the official royal palace of the British monarch on the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837.
Tower Bridge • Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London, England, over the River Thames. • It is close to the Tower of London, from which it takes its name. • It has become an iconic symbol of London. • The bridge consists of two towers tied together at the upper level by means of two horizontal walkways, designed to withstand the horizontal forces exerted by the suspended sections of the bridge on the landward sides of the towers. • The vertical component of the forces in the suspended sections and the vertical reactions of the two walkways are carried by the two robust towers. • The bascule pivots and operating machinery are housed in the base of each tower. • The bridge's present colour scheme dates from 1977, when it was painted red, white and blue for the Queen's Silver Jubilee. Originally it was painted a chocolate brown colour.
Transport • London is a major international air transport hub with the largest city airspace in the world. • London's bus network is one of the largest in the world, running 24 hours a day, with 8,000 buses, 700 bus routes, and over 6 million passenger journeys made every weekday. • Cycling in London has enjoyed a renaissance since the turn of the Millennium. • From being the largest port in the world, the Port of London is now only the second-largest in the United Kingdom, handling 45 million tones of cargo each year. • The London Underground — all of which is now commonly referred to as the Tube. • Although the majority of journeys involving central London are made by public transport, car travel is common in the suburbs.
Sports • London has hosted the Summer Olympics twice, in 1908 and 1948. In July 2005 London was chosen to host the Olympic and Paralympics Games in 2012. • London was also the host of the British Empire Games in 1934. • London's most popular sport is football and it has fourteen League football clubs, including five in the Premier League: Arsenal, Chelsea, Fulham, Queens Park Rangers and Tottenham Hotspur. • London also has four rugby union teams in the Aviva Premiership. • From 1924, the original Wembley Stadium was the home of the English national football team. • Cricket in London is served by two Test cricket grounds Lord's in St John's Wood and the Oval in Kennington.
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