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Trans. U.S. Final Review. Questions:. 1. What date did the stock market crash? October 29, 1929 2. This date became known as: Black Tuesday 3. The three presidents of the 1920’s were all from which political party? Republican

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questions
Questions:
  • 1. What date did the stock market crash?
  • October 29, 1929
  • 2. This date became known as:
  • Black Tuesday
  • 3. The three presidents of the 1920’s were all from which political party?
  • Republican
  • 4. Shanty towns that were high in crime and poverty were called:
  • Hoovervilles
questions1
Questions:
  • 5. Who was elected president in 1932?
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 6. What political party was he from?
  • Democrat
  • 7. What was the name of the programs he tried to have to help with the Depression?
  • New Deal
  • 8. What were the three R’s?
  • Relief, Recovery, Reform
questions2
Questions:
  • 9. Which New Deal Program helped the elderly and retired?
  • Social Security
  • 10. How were banks effected by the depression?
  • Bank runs-people took their money out, people could not pay back loans
  • 11. If you were young and unmarried during the depression what New Deal program helped you?
  • CCC-Civilian Conservation Corps.
questions3
Questions:
  • 12.What happened at the Bonus March with the Bonus Army under President Hoover?
  • The president called out the army and violence erupted
  • 13.What did the FDIC do?
  • It insured bank deposits up to $5000 to get people to trust banks
  • 14.How did the Great Depression affect women and African Americans?
  • Increased discrimination, accused women of taking jobs form men
questions4
Questions:
  • 15.What battle is shown in this

picture?

  • Iwo Jima
  • 16.Who was the fascist leader of Italy during WWII?
  • Mussolini
  • 17.What role did Spain play in WWII?
  • Neutral
  • 18.Why?
  • They were fighting a civil war
questions5
Questions:
  • 19.Who is represented in this picture?
  • Rosie the Riveter
  • 20.What date did Pearl Harbor happened?
  • Dec. 7, 1941
  • 21.What was the battle to free France?
  • D-day, Normandy, Operation Overlord
  • 22.After D-day, the Germans had a counterattack at:
  • The Battle of the Bulge
  • 23.What were conditions like at the Battle of the Bulge?
  • Cold, snowy
questions6
Questions:
  • 24.What are three ways U.S. citizens at the home front can help the war effort?
  • Ration, join military, grow victory gardens, do scrap metal or fat collections, buy bonds
  • 25.Japanese suicide bombers who flew their planes into ships were called:
  • Kamikazes
  • 26.Who was the emperor of Japan?
  • Hirohito
questions7
Questions:
  • 27.Who was the leader of Germany during WWII?
  • Hitler
  • 28.Who was the Prime Minister of Great Britain?
  • Winston Churchill
  • 29.Who was the U.S. president until his death in 1945?
  • FDR
  • 30.Which president had to make the decision to drop the bomb on Japan?
  • Truman
questions8
Questions:
  • 31.True/False
  • African Americans were allowed to fight alongside whites in WWII.
  • False
  • 32.True/False
  • Women were allowed to fight in combat in WWII.
  • False
questions9
Questions:
  • 33.What groups of Americans were put in internment camps during WWII?
  • Japanese Americans
  • 34.Why?
  • Fear of sabotage/spies/loyalty to Japan
  • 35.What happened to Mussolini?
  • He was captured by the people trying to escape from jail, was killed and hang by his feet from a gas station
questions10
Questions:
  • 36.What happened to Hitler at the end of the war?
  • He committed suicide by shooting himself
  • 37.The political policy of putting the nation over the individual in which a country often has a salute, symbol and title for their leader is called:
  • Fascism
  • 38.The policy of not getting involved in the affairs of other countries is called:
  • Isolationism
  • 39.In the beginning, France and Great Britain practiced a policy of _______________ in which they gave into Hitler’s demands.
  • Appeasement
questions11
Questions:
  • 40.The killing of 6 million Jews during WWII is called the:
  • Holocaust
  • 41.Name three groups that Hitler targeted during WWII.
  • Jews, gypsies, handicap, homosexuals
  • 42.The Allied strategy against the Japanese was called:
  • Island hopping
  • 43.The code name for the building of the atomic bomb was called:
  • Manhattan Project
questions12
Questions:
  • 44.Why did the U.S. drop the bomb on Japan?
  • To shorten the war and save American lives
  • 45.What was the affect of dropping the atomic bomb?
  • Destroyed building, killed 10,000’s of people, people also died later of radiation poisoning/got cancers/birth defects
questions13
Questions:
  • 46.What year did the war end?
  • 1945
  • 47.WWII started with the invasion of what country?
  • Poland
  • 48.Name four Axis Powers.
  • Germany, Japan, Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania
  • 49.Name five Allied Powers.
  • France, Great Britain, U.S., China, Soviet Union
questions14
Questions:
  • 50.The U.S. dropped atomic bombs on which two Japanese cities?
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 51.The German strategy of bombing an area with sudden attacks by air and land is called:
  • Blitzkrieg
  • 52.Name three items that were rationed during WWII.
  • Nylon, rubber, metal, wood, gas, red meat, canned items, sugar, coffee
questions15
Questions:
  • 53.What role did women play in the 1950’s?
  • Housewives
  • 54.What impact did Joe McCarthy have on society in the 1950’s?
  • He spread the fear of communism
  • 55.What was the result of the Korean War?
  • Korea stayed divided almost exactly where it had been
questions16
Questions:
  • 56.What parallel divided North and South Korea?
  • 38th
  • 57.What country launched the first satellite successfully into space? What was its name?
  • Soviet Union/Sputnik
  • 58.What were three factors that led to suburban growth in the 1950’s?
  • GI Bill, affordable housing like Levittowns, baby boom
  • 59.Who said “An Iron Curtain has descended across Europe”?
  • Winston Churchill
questions17
Questions:
  • 60.The fear of one country falling to communism and then its neighbor is called:
  • Domino Theory
  • 61.Name three countries who were part of the Warsaw Pact.
  • Soviet Union, Poland, East Germany
  • 62.Which part of the country in the 1950’s had Jim Crow Laws?
  • South
  • 63.Which group did Caesar Chavez help fight for rights?
  • Migrant farm workers
questions18
Questions:
  • 64.Who was Jackie Robinson?
  • First African American baseball player in major leagues
  • 65.Who was the communist leader of North Vietnam in the 1960’s?
  • Ho Chi Minh
  • 66.What was the capital of South Vietnam?
  • Saigon
  • 67.What amendment gave 18 year olds the right to vote?
  • 26th
questions19
Questions:
  • 68.Why did the U.S. invade Iraq in 2003?
  • We thought Iraq had weapons of mass destruction
  • 69.Who was the mastermind of the 9/11 attack?
  • Osama bin Laden
  • 70.Why was Nixon forced to resign?
  • Watergate Scandal
  • 71.Which Supreme Court case legalized abortion?
  • Roe v. Wade
questions20
Questions:
  • 72.How did t.v. change American’s view of the Vietnam War?
  • They became more critical of it
  • 73.Which president escalated the Vietnam War?
  • L.B.J.
  • 74.Law gave equal rights to girls sports teams in schools in the 1970’s?
  • Title IX
  • 75.Why did the US invade Iraq during Operation desert Storm in 1991?
  • Because Iraq invaded its neighboring country of Kuwait
  • 76.Why is the U.S. interested in the Middle East?
  • oil
questions21
Questions:
  • 77.What did OPEC do to the US in the 1970’s?
  • Put an embargo on oil and caused an oil crisis
  • 78.What was SALT?
  • It was an agreement between the U.S. and the Soviets to limit arms testing
  • 79. The Camp David Accords involved negotiating peace between which two countries?
  • Israel and Egypt
  • 80.Who was president at the time?
  • Carter
questions22
Questions:
  • 81. What disease became an epidemic in the 1980’s?
  • AIDS
  • 82. What was Woodstock?
  • A peaceful concert in NY for hippies
  • 83. Who killed J.F.K?
  • Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 84. What did Eisenhower do in response to Little Rock Nine?
  • He called out the U.S. army to escort the nine students into school
questions23
Questions:
  • 85. What is Vietnamization?
  • The policy under Nixon to pull U.S. troops out of Vietnam
  • 86. What impact did Tet Offensive have on the Vietnam War?
  • Americans became more critical of the war and thought we couldn’t win
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